美国加州大学伯克利分校基本概况

字典2017-09-11 美国留学加州大学伯克利分校概况

学校名称: 美国加州大学伯克利分校(伯克利)

所在位置:美国,Office of Undergraduate AdmissionsUniversity of California, Berkeley110 Sproul Hall #5800Berkeley, CA 94720-5800

创建时间:1868

学生人数:

学校中文网址:http://meiguo.liuxue86.com/school/694/

  加州大学伯克利分校成立于1868年,加州大学伯克利分校是世界最顶尖的学术机构之一。下面是出国留学网为大家整理并翻译的加州大学伯克利分校基本概况信息,欢迎阅读。

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  一、关于加州大学伯克利分校

  The University of California, Berkeley is one of the world's leading academic institutions. Widely known as "Cal," the campus is renowned for the size and quality of its libraries and laboratories, the scope of its research and publications, and the distinction of its faculty and students. National rankings consistently place Berkeley?s undergraduate and graduate programs among the very best in a variety of disciplines. Our high-acclaimed faculty currently includes: 7 Nobel Laureates, 225 members of the Academy of Arts & Sciences, 131 members of the National Academy of Science, 87 members of the National Academy of Engineering, a Poet Laureate Emeritus of the United States, and 141 Guggenheim Fellows, more than any other university in the country. It was here that two professors discovered plutonium in 1941 as well as numerous other elements, including berkelium and californium. Berkeley faculty are quoted daily in newspapers and journals throughout the world as experts in their fields. But Berkeley is also about extraordinary students! While most of our 22,800 undergraduates are Californians, every state and more than 100 foreign countries are represented on campus.

  加州大学伯克利分校是世界最顶尖的学术机构之一。加州大学伯克利分校也叫“卡尔”(Cal),以其图书馆和实验室的质量、研究和出版物的规模以及师生的差异性著称。在美国国内各大排名中,伯克利分校的本科生和研究生课程经常被排在最佳课程之列。我们目前有被高度认可的教员,包括7名诺贝人家获得者、225名艺术与科学院成员、131名国家科学院成员、87名国家工程院成员、1名美国荣誉奖得主和141名古根海姆基金成员。这些数据是美国其他任何一所大学都无法比拟的。正式在这里,1941年两名教授发现了94号元素钚和包括锫和锎在内的其他众多元素。加州大学伯克利分校的教员经常被世界各地的报纸和杂志引用,被认可为所在领域的专家。不仅如此,伯克利分校还有非同寻常的学生。虽然学校的大部分本科生都是加州学生,但是美国各个州和世界100多个国家的学生也都出现在这里。

  The University of California, Berkeley has six colleges offering undergraduate degrees:

  College of Chemistry,College of Engineering, College of Environmental Design, College of Letters & Science, College of Natural Resources, and Haas School of Business.

  The University of California, Berkeley offers 100 graduate programs with fields of study including:

  Architecture,Art, Business administration, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, Education, Journalism, Law, Mathematics,Social Welfare,and Urban Design.

加州大学伯克利分校1.png

  加州大学伯克利分校共有六个学院提供本科学位,分别是化学学院、工程学院、环境设计学院、文理学院、自然科学学院和商学院。

  加州大学提供100个研究生学习计划,涵盖以下研究领域:

  建筑、艺术、工商管理、计算机科学、电机工程与计算机科学、教育、新闻、法律、数学、社会福利和城市设计。

学术教员人数学生人数国际学生人数
总共3321总共36703总共6086
国际教员1395研究生占比27%研究生占比39%


本科生占比73%本科生占比61%

  二、加州大学伯克利分校的历史

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  1887

  Earth sciences professors set up the Western Hemisphere’s first string of seismographic stations, to systematically record seismic activity and publish these earthquake records.

  1892

  The Sierra Club is co-founded by John Muir; UC Berkeley professors Joseph LeConte, J. Henry Senger and Cornelius Beach Bradley; Stanford University’s David Starr Jordan; artist William Keith; and attorney Warren Olney. Many of the club’s 182 charter members are scientists, and LeConte’s maps of the Sierra range are among its first publications.

  1895

  M.E. Jaffe becomes the first professor of nutrition in the United States. UC Berkeley quickly moves to the top in this field, making important contributions to the emerging understanding of the positive dietary role of vitamins, minerals and protein, and the negative role of cholesterol and fats.

  1930s

  Math professor Jerzy Neyman becomes one of the founders of modern statistical theory, whose applications range from designing the census to assessing the outcome of medical trials. With British statistician Egon Pearson, Neyman develops a method for choosing the most effective test of a hypothesis, and later develops foundational statistical-theory concepts.

  1937

  John Lawrence, Ernest Lawrence’s brother and the director of Berkeley’s Donner Lab, becomes the father of nuclear medicine. In the first use of radioisotopes to control disease, Lawrence treats individuals suffering from polycythemia vera (over-abundance of red blood cells) with doses of radio-pharmaceuticals. Use of iodine to diagnose and treat hyperthyroidism follows.

  1951

  Professor Edward Steinhaus, a pioneer in the field of insect pathology, uses bacteria to attack a caterpillar that infests alfalfa. This is the first successful use of an insect pathogen to control insects in the field. Today these bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis, are used worldwide to fight crop disease; the bacteria secrete a toxin that kills insects, and genetic-engineering companies insert the gene for this toxin into plants, producing crops with a built-in insect resistance.

  1971

  The first biotechnology company, Cetus, is founded by Donald Glaser, winner of the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physics.

  1992

  UC astronomers led by Jerry Nelson co-develop the world’s largest telescope, the W.M. Keck Telescope, atop Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii. Revolutionary in design, the Keck’s primary mirror is composed of 36 hexagonal segments that join to form a single, honeycombed piece of reflective glass.

  2011

  Neuroscientists led by Jack Gallant are the first to use magnetic resonance imaging to reconstruct from brain waves what a person is seeing, opening the door to possibly watching other people’s dreams or visual memories.

  2013

  A discovery in the lab of Jay Keasling 12 years earlier leads to the first synthetic antimalarial drug on the market, artemisinin, dropping the cost and boosting the availability of the world’s best treatment for malaria.

  1887

  地球科学教授设立了西半球第一批地震勘测站,系统地记录了地震活动,并发表了这些地球记录。

  1892

  塞拉俱乐部由约翰·缪尔、加州大学伯克利分校教授约瑟夫·莱肯特、亨利·圣吉、科尼利厄斯布拉德利比奇、斯坦福大学戴维·斯塔尔·乔丹、艺术家威廉基德和律师沃伦·奥尔尼共同成立。在该俱乐部的182名创始成员中,大多数都是科学家;俱乐部的地图则在最优秀出版物之列。

  1895

  M.E. 杰斐成为美国首位营养学教授。加州大学伯克利分校在营养学领域迅速发展,走向了前沿,并增加了人们对维生素、矿物质和蛋白质在饮食中的积极作用,以及胆固醇和脂肪的消极作用的理解。

  1930年代

  数学教授杰西内曼成为现代统计理论创始人之一。现代统计理论的运用涉及从设计人口普查到医学实验结果评估在内的多个方面。杰西内曼和英国统计学家埃贡·皮尔逊一起,发展了选择最佳假定测试的方法,并且在后来发展除了基础统计理论的概念。

  1937

  欧内斯特·劳伦斯的弟弟兼伯克利分校唐纳实验室主任的约翰劳伦斯成为核医学之父。在首次使用放射性同位素对疾病进行控制的过程中,约翰劳伦斯用放射性药物治疗真性红细胞增多症患者。

  1951

  昆虫病理学领域先驱爱德华施泰因豪斯教授使用细菌攻击寄生于苜蓿的毛虫。这是使用昆虫病原物控制昆虫的首个成功案例。今天,这些细菌(苏云金芽孢杆菌)被广泛地运用于抗击作物病害。细菌分泌毒素,杀死昆虫;基因工程公司则将毒素基因注入植物体内,让植物具备内在的昆虫抗药性。

  1971

  1960年诺贝尔物理学奖得主唐纳德·格拉泽成立于了首家生物技术公司 Cetus。

  1992

  在杰瑞•纳尔逊带领下,加州大学的天文学家们在夏威夷死火山莫纳克亚山顶共同建立了世界最大的望远镜波长计凯克望远镜。该望眼镜在设计上有着革命意义,其主镜分为36个六边形小镜,它们共同组成了一个单一的蜂巢状的的反射玻璃。

  2011

  神经科学家们在杰克·加兰特的带领下,首次使用了磁共振重构脑电波,打开了观看他人的梦或视觉记忆之门。

  2013

  12年前杰伊•科斯林实验室的一项发现引起了合成抗疟疾药物青蒿素在市场上的出现,降低了药物成本,增加了世界疟疾最佳治疗药物的供应量。

  三、加州大学伯克利分校的教研情况

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  Schools & colleges

  1.College of Chemistry

  The College of Chemistry is comprised of:The Department of Chemistry and The Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.

  Both disciplines provide the opportunity and means for meeting major scientific and technological challenges, such as addressing climate change, increasing the world's food supply, synthesizing new materials, and discovering and delivering important drugs. The college prides itself on a balanced approach to science, with research areas ranging from experimental to theoretical. Faculty in both departments are engaged in teaching and research in a wide range of applications and subdisciplines.

  The College of Chemistry offers undergraduate degrees in chemistry, chemical biology, and chemical engineering, as well as double majors in chemical engineering and materials science and engineering, and in chemical engineering and nuclear engineering. A new option is a concentration in materials chemistry.

  2.School of Education

  The Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Berkeley is home to a diverse group of students and faculty joined by their common interests in understanding and improving the complex world of education.

  Our students come here with a wealth of academic talent and professional experience, driven to make an impact as researchers, professional educators, leaders and innovators.

  Students and faculty tackle difficult questions—from how children, youth and adults learn, inside and outside classrooms; to how schools, communities and societies advance the educational and life chances of those they educate. In the process, students develop the necessary knowledge, skills, tools and experiences to handle those challenges.

  We are committed to providing and cultivating the very best in educational scholarship, innovation and professional leadership.

  3.School of Engineering

  Includes departments of Bioengineering; Civil & Environmental Engineering; Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences; Industrial Engineering & Operations Research; Materials Science & Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; and Nuclear Engineering.

  1.化学院

  化学院分为化学系和化学与生物分子工程系。

  两个系都提供迎接主要科技挑战的机会和方法,比如处理气候变化、增加世界范围内的食物供应、合成新材料以及发现和分发主要药物。化学院有均衡的科学研究方式,并以此为豪。其研究领域涉及实验到理论的诸多方面。化学院的两个系都参与众多应用和学科分支的教育和研究。

  化学院的本科学位涵盖化学、化学生物、化学工程,双学位涵盖化学工程|—材料科学与工程和化学工程—核能工程。在材料化学方面提供新的主攻选择。

  2.教育学院

  加州大学伯克利分校研究生教育学院集中了各种不同的学生和教员,他们在理解和改善复杂的教育界方面有共同的兴趣。

  我们这里的学生有丰富的学术才能和职业经历,都想成为研究员、职业教育家、领袖和创新者,在此基础上做出影响。

  这里的师生都在解决复杂的问题,包括儿童、青年和成人课内外学习方式,学校、社区和社会如何增加被教育对象的教育和人生机会。在这个过程中,学生获益掌握必须的知识和技能,获得必须的经历,以迎接这些难题和挑战。

  教育学院致力于培育和提供教学学术、创新和职业领导力方面的最好的东西。

  3.工程学院

  工程学院包括生物工程系、土木与环境工程系、电机工程与计算机科学系、工业工程与工业研究、材料科学与工程、机械工程和核能工程。

  4.COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN

  CED stands among the nation’s top environmental design schools. It is one of the world’s most distinguished laboratories for experimentation, research, and intellectual synergy. The first school to combine the disciplines of architecture, planning, and landscape architecture into a single college, CED led the way toward an integrated approach to analyzing, understanding, and designing our built environment.

  CED was also among the first to conceptualize environmental design as inseparable from its social, political-economic, and cultural contexts. Its faculty and students have always seen environmental design as an exploratory spatial practice, aimed at creating forms of building, landscape, and urban plans that have yet to be imagined. At the same time, CED has historically emphasized environmental design as a profoundly ethical practice, co-produced through dynamic engagements with diverse communities, workers, businesses, and policy-makers.

  5.School of Information

  The School of Information is UC Berkeley’s newest professional school. Located in the center of campus, the I School is a graduate research and education community committed to expanding access to information and to improving its usability, reliability, and credibility while preserving security and privacy. This requires the insights of scholars from diverse fields — information and computer science, design, social sciences, management, law, and policy.

  6.School of Journalism

  Since its founding 45 years ago during Berkeley's watershed Free Speech Movement, the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism has graduated more than 2,000 students. Widely regarded as one of the country's best journalism programs, it is also one of the only remaining two-year Master of Journalism programs in the United States and is the only graduate-level journalism program in the vast, publicly funded University of California system.

  The School's core master's program enrolls approximately 120 students, while a new summer-only Journalism Minor serves another 300 undergraduates.

  4.环境设计学院

  环境设计在美国同类学院中顶尖,也是世界最著名的实验、研究和知识协同基地之一。环境设计学院是首个集建筑、规划、风景建筑于一体学院,在建筑环境分析、理解和设计综合方法领域领先。

  5.信息学院

  信息学院是加州大学伯克利分校最新的职业学院,位于校园中心。信息学院是一个适合研究生研究和接受教育到社区,其任务是扩大信息渠道,在确保安全和隐私的同时增加可用性、可靠性和确实性。这要求来自信息与计算机科学、设计、社会科学、管理、法律和政策等领域的学者的远见卓识。

  6.新闻学院

  新闻学院成立于伯克利分校的转折点“言论自由运动”时期,迄今已有45年历史,培养出了两千多名毕业生。伯克利分校新闻学院在美国最佳新闻学院之列,是美国为数不多的两年制新闻学硕士学习计划之一,也是庞大的私立的加州大学系统内仅有的研究生阶段新闻专业学习计划。

  新闻学院的核心硕士课程注册了近120名学生,学院下一门新的夏季新闻专业副修课程服务有大约300名本科生。

  四、加州大学伯克利分校著名校友

名字身份或成就
丘成桐美籍华人,哈佛大学终身教授。丘成桐是当今活跃在国际数学前沿的领军人物之一。他成功地把微分几何与偏微分方程的技巧与理论结合在一起,解决了许多著名的猜想和重大课题。1982年,他被授予菲尔兹(Fields)奖章——这是世界数学界的最高荣誉
芭芭拉·利斯科夫美国和世界上第一个获得计算机科学博士学位的女性(1968年,斯坦福大学)。2008年度美国计算机学会(ACM)图灵奖(Turing Award)获得者。美国国家工程院院士、美国计算机学会会员、以及美国艺术与科学院院士
甘犁现任美国德克萨斯农工大学经济系终身教授、西南财经大学经济与管理研究院院长、中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)与研究中心主任
伊丽莎白布莱克获得2009年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖
埃里克·施密特电脑工程师,Google前董事长及首席执行官。

  推荐阅读:

  美国加州大学伯克利分校学科排名

  加州大学伯克利分校的招生要求

  加州大学伯克利分校学费2016

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