字典2017-09-12 美国留学美国俄亥俄州立大学

学校名称: 美国俄亥俄州立大学(哥伦布) Ohio State University (Columbus)







  The Ohio State University, or OSU, was founded in 1870 and is a top established public research University in The north of Columbus, Ohio.One of the world's leading research universities, Universitas 21, is one of the first members of the American association of American universities (AAU), a top academic association in North America (1916), and ten members of the alliance.It is one of the top Public universities in the great lakes region of North America and is known as "Public Ivy".The university's main campus covers an area of 65 ㎞ squared, is one of America's largest campus.It covers almost all academic fields, especially in sociology, political science, economics, astronomy, journalism and other disciplines.For 147 years, The Ohio State University's campus in Columbus has been the stage for academic achievement and a laboratory for innovation. It's where friendships are forged. It's where rivalries and revelry are born.The university's main campus is one of America's largest and most comprehensive. As Ohio's best and one of the nation's top-20 public universities, Ohio State is further recognized by a top-rated academic medical center and a premier cancer hospital and research center. As a land-grant university, Ohio State has a physical presence throughout the state, with campuses and research centers located around Ohio.



  The University's Beginnings,Ohio State's roots go back to 1870, when the Ohio General Assembly established the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The new college was made possible through the provisions of the Land-Grant Act, signed by President Lincoln on July 2, 1862. This legislation revolutionized the nation's approach to higher education, bringing a college degree within reach of all high school graduates.The college's curriculum was a matter of bitter dispute among politicians, the public, and educators. One faction, the "narrow gauge" group, held that the college should devote itself solely to the teaching of agriculture and mechanical arts. The "broad gauge" faction wanted a wider program that featured English and ancient and foreign languages as well. Joseph Sullivant, a member of the first Board of Trustees, pushed the "broad gauge" idea through the Board of Trustees, where it passed by a margin of 8-7. His legacy endures; Ohio State continues to offer a broad-based, liberal arts education and a diverse range of study.Classes began at the new college on September 17, 1873. Twenty-four students met at the old Neil farm just two miles north of Columbus. In 1878 the college's name was changed to The Ohio State University. In that same year the first class of six men graduated, and in 1879, the university graduated its first woman.

  Origins of the Buckeye Name:The use of the term Buckeyes to refer to Ohio State University sports teams derives from the even wider use of the term to refer to all residents of the state of Ohio.The university's Athletic Council officially adopted the term in 1950, but it had been in common use for many years before—certainly it was firmly established by 1920, and most records indicate that it had probably been used with some frequency to refer to Ohio State and its athletic teams since before the turn of the century.As with many such terms that seem to have evolved rather than been decreed, the history of "buckeye" is a bit fuzzy. The buckeye (Aesculus glabra) is a tree, native to Ohio and particularly prevalent in the Ohio River Valley, whose shiny dark brown nuts with lighter tan patches resemble the eye of a deer. Settlers who crossed the Alleghenies found it to be the only unfamiliar tree in the forest. Perhaps its uniqueness contributed to its popularity because it had few other attractions. Pioneers carved the soft buckeye wood into troughs, platters, and even cradles. Before the days of plastic, buckeye wood was often used to fashion artificial limbs. The nuts, although inedible, are attractive and folk wisdom had it that carrying one in a pocket brings good luck and wards off rheumatism. However, in general, the trees and their nuts are of little practical use: the wood does not burn well, the bark has an unpleasant odor, and the bitter nut meat is mildly toxic. Still, the tree has grit. It grows where others cannot, is difficult to kill, and adapts to its circumstances. Daniel Drake, who gave a witty speech on behalf of the buckeye at a well attended dinner in Cincinnati in 1833, said, "In all our woods there is not a tree so hard to kill as the buckeye. The deepest girdling does not deaden it, and even after it is cut down and worked up into the side of a cabin it will send out young branches, denoting to all the world that Buckeyes are not easily conquered, and could with difficulty be destroyed.The first recorded use of the term to refer to a resident of the area is in 1788, some 15 years before Ohio became a state. Col. Ebenezer Sproat, a 6'4" man of large girth and swashbuckling mannerisms, led the legal delegation at the first court session of the Northwest Territory, held in Marietta. The Indians in attendance greeted him with shouts of "Hetuck, Hetuck" (the Indian word for buckeye), it is said because they were impressed by his stature and manner. He proudly carried the Buckeye nickname for the rest of his life, and it gradually spread to his companions and to other local white settlers. By the 1830s, writers were commonly referring to locals as "Buckeyes."It was the presidential election of 1840, though, that put the term permanently in the vocabulary. William Henry Harrison, who had traded his Virginia-born aristocratic background for a more populist image as a war hero and frontiersman living on the banks of the Ohio River just west of Cincinnati, adopted the buckeye tree and buckeye nuts as campaign symbols. At the Whig convention, Harrison delegates carried buckeye canes, decorated with strings of buckeye beads. The buckeye nut was a precursor to today's campaign buttons. The buckeye became indelibly linked with Ohio.The Ohio buckeye is one of 13 recognized members of the genus Aesculus, seven native to North America, one to Europe (the horse chestnut) and five to Asia. The Ohio buckeye's five-fingered leaflet, along with the nut, are sometimes used as symbols for The Ohio State University and are incorporated in its Alumni Association logo. Buckeye leaf decals are awarded to Ohio State football players for outstanding efforts on the field; players with many buckeye leaves on their helmets are indeed honored.It is rare for an athletic team to be named after a tree; but the Buckeye name is so ingrained in the history and lore of the state and the university that few stop to consider how unusual it is. It is native, tenacious, attractive and unique -- traits that Ohioans and Ohio State alumni are proud to be associated with.


  俄亥俄州的根源可以追溯到1870年,俄亥俄大会成立了俄亥俄州农业机械学院。这个新学院是根据1862年7月2日林肯总统签署的“土地契约法”的规定而实现的。这一立法彻底改变了国家高等教育的方式,使所有高中毕业生都能获得大学学位。学院的课程是政治家,公众和教育工作者之间的激烈争议。“派系”小组一派认为,学院应该致力于农业和机械艺术教学。“广泛的”派别想要一个更广泛的程序,特色英语和古代和外国语言。董事会成员约瑟夫·沙利文(Joseph Sullivant)推出了“广泛的”思想,最终以8比7的优势获得了董事会的通过。俄亥俄州继续提供广泛的文科教育和多样化的学习。






  1916年,大学加入当时仅19所成员、象征全美乃至全世界最顶尖高等院校联盟的美国大学协会(Association of American Universities,“AAU”),甚至早过布朗大学(1933年)、麻省理工学院(1934年)、杜克大学(1938年)等顶级院校的加入时间,使这所当时年轻的大学成为了史上最早加入美国大学协会的一批公立院校之一。这标志着大学从此进入了长达一个世纪的黄金时代。同年大学的商业和新闻学院(即今日菲舍尔商学院的前身)与美国国内其他16所最顶尖的大学商学院联合发起成立了AACSB。 一百年后的今日,能否通过三大认证之首AACSB认证已成为衡量一所商学院是否达到世界顶尖水平的最重要标志。



  使用术语“白雪公主”来指俄亥俄州立大学的运动队源于更广泛地使用该术语来指代俄亥俄州的所有居民。大学的运动委员会在1950年正式通过了这个术语,但是它已经在很多年前一直被普遍使用 - 肯定是在1920年之前坚定地建立起来的,大多数记录表明,它可能已经被频繁地用于指俄亥俄州和其运动队自世纪之交以来。像许多这样的术语似乎已经演变而不是被颁布,“buckeye”的历史有点模糊。赤霞珠(Aesculus glabra)是俄亥俄州本土的一种树木,在俄亥俄河谷特别普遍,其明亮的深棕色坚果具有较浅的棕褐色斑块,与鹿的眼睛相似。跨越阿勒格尼斯的定居者发现它是森林里唯一不熟悉的树。也许它的独特性促成了它的受欢迎程度,因为它几乎没有其他的景点。先锋们将柔软的buckeye木雕刻成槽,盘,甚至摇篮。在塑料之前,巴克木通常用于制作假肢。坚果虽然不可食用,有吸引力和民间智慧,携带一个口袋里带来好运和病房风湿病。然而,一般来说,树木和坚果的实际用途很少:木材不能很好地燃烧,树皮具有令人不快的气味,苦坚果肉具有轻微的毒性。仍然,树有砂砾。它生长在别人不能,难以杀人,适应其环境的地步。丹尼尔·德雷克(Daniel Drake)在1833年在辛辛那提举行的晚餐晚餐时代表巴克表演了一个机智的演讲,他说:“在我们所有的树林里,没有一棵树很难像巴克的那样被杀死,最深的环圈并没有消失即使被砍伐,并在一个客舱的一边工作,它会发出年轻的分支,这个术语的第一个记录用法是指该地区的居民在1788年,在俄亥俄州成为一个州之前约15年。埃塞尼泽·斯普罗特(Ebenezer Sproat)是一名6岁左右的大围巾和鞭打人士,曾在玛丽埃塔举行的西北地区首届法庭上领导法定代表团出席的印度人以“赫塔克,赫塔克”的呼喊迎接他, (印度语为buckeye),这是因为他们的身材和方式印象深刻,他自豪地在他的余生中携带了Buckeye的昵称,并逐渐传播给他的同伴和其他当地的白人定居者, 20世纪30年代,作家通常将当地人称为“白雪公主”。那是1840年的总统选举,把这个词永久地放在词汇中。威廉·亨利·哈里森(William Henry Harrison)以辛辛那提西部的俄亥俄河畔的生活在俄亥俄河畔的战争英雄和边界人士,将维吉尼亚州出生的贵族背景交给了弗吉尼亚出生的贵族背景,采用了巴克树和坚果作为活动标志。在大会上,哈里森代表们携带了装饰着一串巴克珠子的巴克手杖。buckeye坚果是今天的活动按钮的前身。buckeye与俄亥俄州不可磨灭地联系在一起。俄亥俄州buckeye是七分之一的被认可的七叶树属的成员之一,七个北美洲,一个到欧洲(马蹄),五个到亚洲。俄亥俄州的buckeye的五指小册子和坚果有时被用作俄亥俄州立大学的标志,并被纳入其校友协会标志。Buckeye叶贴花被授予俄亥俄州足球运动员在该领域的突出贡献; 在头盔上有许多巴克叶的球员确实很荣幸。以一棵树命名一个运动队是很少的; 但是Buckeye的名字在州和大学的历史和传说中是如此根深蒂固,几乎没有人停下来考虑它是多么的不寻常。这是俄亥俄州校友自豪的资本、顽强、有吸引力和独特的特征。



  Energy partnership to support Ohio State’s sustainability and academic mission

  Unprecedented program to improve energy efficiency, invest in teaching and researchBy: Chris Davey.Published on March 30, 2017COLUMBUS, Ohio — At the April 7 Board of Trustees meeting, The Ohio State University will consider a public-private partnership to become an international leader in sustainability and provide new resources to advance teaching, learning and research.The Comprehensive Energy Management Project promises to modernize the university’s 485-building Columbus campus, create substantial academic benefits and establish a major center for energy research and technology commercialization.The total value of $1.165 billion includes a $1.015 billion upfront payment to the university and a $150 million commitment to support academics in specific areas requested by students, faculty and staff during the bidding process. This would be the largest single investment in Ohio State’s academic mission.ENGIE North America and Axium Infrastructure (ENGIE-Axium) are world leaders in energy services and sustainability. The two companies formed a new consortium to combine their expertise for this project and provided the strongest proposal. Detailed reviews and scoring of the finalists were conducted by groups composed of students, faculty and staff from the university.“This partnership would position us as an international leader in energy and sustainability and further strengthen Ohio State as a national flagship public research university,” said President Michael V. Drake.Initially, the proceeds of the upfront payment would be invested in Ohio State’s endowment, dedicated to priorities being finalized in the university’s strategic plan. These areas of investment include the following:Student financial aid to support access, affordability and excellence.Compensation enhancements for faculty and staff to support competitiveness with academic peers; a portion of this will be tied to improvements in teaching effectiveness.Classrooms, research labs and performance and arts spaces across disciplines (in combination with other sources of funding).A fund to enhance sustainability efforts.Other strategic initiatives.The proposal includes a $50 million Energy Advancement and Innovation Center for energy research and technology commercialization. The center would create a hub where faculty members, students, alumni, ENGIE researchers, local entrepreneurs and industry experts work together on the next generation of smart energy systems, renewable energy and green mobility solutions.“In total these enhancements would position Ohio State to take immediate and substantial steps forward in faculty excellence, quality of our physical space and as a hub of research on energy and sustainability,” said Provost and Executive Vice President Bruce A. McPheron.“Within 10 years, conservation measures would improve our energy efficiency by 25 percent, reducing our carbon footprint.”ENGIE-Axium would provide additional and significant capital funding to accomplish this energy efficiency goal.Representative groups from the university community evaluated either the academic collaboration, technical or human resources components of the final bids. A fourth group of senior staff evaluated the financial components separately. The groups worked in parallel. Each concluded independently that ENGIE-Axium was the strongest bidder.ENGIE-Axium would offer employment to all eligible Ohio State utility workers. Those who prefer instead to remain employees of the university would be offered alternative positions at Ohio State at their current compensation levels.


  前所未有的计划,以提高能源效率,投资教学,研究作者Chris Davey这样说道。2017年3月30日在哥伦比亚的俄亥俄州,4月7日的董事会会议上,俄亥俄州立大学将考虑公私伙伴关系,成为可持续发展的国际领导者,并提供新资源,推动教学,学习和研究。综合能源管理项目承诺将使哥伦布大学建成485所校园实现现代化,创造巨大的学术效益,建立能源研究和技术商业化的重要中心。总额11.65亿美元,其中包括向大学提供的11.5亿美元的预付款,以及1.5亿美元的承诺,以支持学生在招标过程中要求学生,教师和工作人员的具体领域。这将是俄亥俄州学术使命中最大的单一投资。ENGIE北美和Axium基础设施(ENGIE-Axium)是能源服务和可持续发展的世界领先企业。两家公司组建了一个新的联盟,结合他们对这个项目的专长,并提供了最强烈的建议。决赛入围者的详细评论和得分是由学生,教师和大学人员组成的团体进行的。总裁迈克尔·德雷克(Michael V. Drake)说:“这种伙伴关系将使我们成为能源和可持续发展的国际领导者,并进一步加强俄亥俄州立国家旗舰公共研究型大学。最初,前期付款的收益将投资于俄亥俄州的禀赋,致力于在大学的战略计划中确定优先事项。这些投资领域包括:学生经济援助支持获取负担能力和卓越的成绩。为教职员工提供补偿,以支持学术同仁的竞争力,其中一部分将与提高教学效果是避不开分的。课堂,研究实验室和各学科的表演和艺术空间(与其他资金来源相结合)。增强可持续发展的基金,其他战略举措,该建议其中包括一个5000万美元的能源研究和技术商业化能源促进和创新中心。该中心将创建一个中心、教师、学生、校友、ENGIE研究人员,并且又当地企业家和行业专家共同合作,来一起开展下一代智能能源系统,可再生能源和绿色移动解决方案。“总体而言,这些改进措施将使俄亥俄州立大学迈向卓越的教学质量,物理空间质量,以及能源和可持续发展研究的枢纽”,Provost和执行副总裁布鲁斯·麦克珀伦(Bruce A. McPheron)说。“在10年内,保护措施将使我们的能源效率提高25%,减少我们的碳足迹。ENGIE-Axium将提供额外的和大量的资金来完成这一能效目标。来自大学社区的代表团体评估了最终投标的学术合作,技术或人力资源部分。第四组高级人员分别对财务部分进行了评估。这些团体并行工作。每个人都独立地认为,ENGIE-Axium是最强的投标人。ENGIE-Axium将为所有合格的俄亥俄州公用事业工作者提供就业机会。那些喜欢留在大学的员工的人将按照目前的薪酬水平在俄亥俄州提供替代职位。


  Ergonomics Research

  The programs affiliated with the Institute for Ergonomics are engaged in a variety of research activities. Several of these programs also offer graduate degrees dealing with human-centered design. What these programs have in common is that they:Use real world problems as the basis for research and education。Produce graduates with strong technical and conceptual skills。Emphasize the importance of an interdisciplinary perspective for both research and education.Conduct research to identify generalizations for guiding effective human-centered design.Emphasize the invention of new designs and design concepts as part of their researchDetails on specific research activities and educational programs are provided, dealing with both cognitive ergonomics and with physical ergonomics.




  Academic:Accelerated Maturation of Materials, Center for Advanced Computing Center for the Arts & Design (ACCAD),Advanced Polymer & Composite Engineering, Center for Advanced Processing and Packaging Studies, Center for Aeronautical & Astronautical Research Laboratory,African American and African Studies Extension Center,Applied Plant Sciences, Center for Behavioral Medicine Research, Institute for Biostatistics, Center for Byrd Polar Research Center,Campus Chemical Instrumentation Center,Campus Microscopy & Imaging Facility,Center for African Studies,Center for Automotive Research,Center for Brain and Spinal Cord Repair,Center for Clinical and Translational Science,Center for Cognitive Science,Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics (CCAPP),Center for Emergent Materials (CEM),Center for Epigraphical and Paleaographical Studies,Center for Family Research,Center for Folklore Studies,Center for Higher Education Enterprise (CHEE),Center for Historical Research,Center for Inclusion, Diversity and Academic Success (IDEAS),Center for Latin American Studies,Center for Molecular Neurobiology,Center for Operational Excellence,Center for Retrovirus Research,Center for RNA Biology,Center for Slavic and East European Studies,Center for the Study and Teaching of Writing,Center for the Study of Religion,Center for Urban and Regional Analysis,Comprehensive Cancer Center,Criminal Justice Research Center,East Asian Studies Center,Education & Training for Employment, Center on (CETE),Eisenhower Clearinghouse for Science and Mathematics EducationElectroScience Laboratory,Ergonomics, Institute for,Fontana Corrosion Center,Food Innovation Center,Foreign Language Center,General Clinical Research Center,Global Supply Chain ForumHealth Outcomes, Policy and Evaluation Studies, Center for,Heart and Lung Research Institute,Human Resource Research, Center for,Industrial Sensors & Measurements (CISM), Center for Initiative in Population Research,Institute for Chinese Studies,Institute for Collaborative Research and Public Humanities,Institute for Japanese Studies,Institute for Materials Research,John Glenn Institute,Law, Policy, and Social Science, Center forMapping, Center for Mathematics and Statistics Learning Center,Medieval & Renaissance Studies, Center for Melton Center for Jewish Studies,Mershon Center for International Security Studies,Middle East Studies Center,National Center for the Middle Market,Nationwide Center for Advanced Customer Insights,Net Shape Manufacturin,Newark Earthworks Center,Nisonger Center,Ohio Agricultural Research & Development Center (OARDC),Ohio State Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship,Ohio State Center for Real Estate,Ohio Manufacturing Center,Ohio Supercomputer Center,Olentangy River Wetland Research Park,Resource Center of Medieval Slavic Studies,Special Needs Populations, Center for Spectroscopy Institute,Stone Laboratory,Stress and Wound Healing, Center for Technology Entrepreneurship and Commercialization Institute,The Risk Institute,Todd A. Bell National Resource Center on the African American Male,University Honors & Scholars Center,University Institute for Teaching and Learning.





于全美在教学研究领域备受尊崇的俄亥俄州立大学哥伦布分校,the ohio state University,columbus , osu 创立于1870年。俄亥俄州立大学 ohio state University, osu ,以优良传统的校风及学术研究上的竞争力享誉全美,







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