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美国阿肯色大学基本概况

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2017-11-09 11:28

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学校名称: 美国阿肯色大学 -

所在位置:美国

QS排名:801-1000

USNEWS排名:650

学费:8210-20300美元/学年

录取率:0.59

学校中文网址:https://meiguo.liuxue86.com/school/31823/

  在美国大学中,阿肯色大学有着别具一格的传统。它成立于1871年,目前在QS美国大学排名中位列第151位。下面是出国留学网整理并翻译的阿肯色大学基本概况信息,供你选校参考。

  关于阿肯色大学

  The University of Arkansas boasts a tradition unique among the nation's universities: Senior Walk, consisting of more than three miles of sidewalks crisscrossing campus that are engraved with the names of more than 175,000 graduates, dating back nearly 140 years. It’s concrete proof of the university’s commitment to our students.

b12.jpg

  在美国大学中,阿肯色大学有着别具一格的传统,也是它引以为豪的地方。它有超过三英里的“学长路”,四通八达,遍布校园。“学长路”刻有超过17万5千名毕业生的名字,毕业时间最早可追溯到140年前。“学长路”是阿肯色大学专注于学生的具体证明

  The north tower of Old Main shines like a beacon from the hilltop campus in Fayetteville. The University of Arkansas, the flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System, was founded in 1871 on Ozark Mountain land described as "second to none in the state of Arkansas," looking out toward the historic Fayetteville square and the wooded hills north and south of town. The university is both the major land-grant university in Arkansas and the state university. It came into being as a result of the Morrill Land-Grant College Act of 1862. Federal land sales provided funds to establish new colleges devoted to agriculture and the mechanic arts, scientific and classical studies, and military tactics for the "liberal and practical education of the industrial classes." Today, the University of Arkansas continues emerging as a nationally competitive, student-centered research university serving Arkansas and the world.

  阿肯色大学的小尖山校区位于费耶特维尔的Old Main 。Old Main 是北部的一个城镇,犹如灯塔一般在这里闪耀。阿肯色大学是阿肯色大学系统的旗舰大学,它成立于1871年,地点在欧扎克山。欧扎克山是“阿肯色州无与伦比的地方”。它俯瞰费耶特维尔历史广场,朝向小镇南北长满树木的群山。阿肯色大学既是阿肯色州主要的赠地大学,也是州立大学。它的诞生是1862年“莫里尔赠地学院法”的产物。该法案同意出售联邦土地,以建立专事于农业、机械艺术、科学、古典研究和军事战术的学院。这些学院旨在为工人阶层提供开明而实用的教育。今天,阿肯色大学已成为具有国内竞争力的以学生为中心的研究型大学,它将继续为阿肯色州和世界服务。

  faculty staff and students

Number of academic faculty staffNumber of studentsNumber of international students
In total1249In total24545In total1354
International48Postgraduate14%Postgraduate38%


Undergraduate86%Undergraduate62%

  阿肯色大学师生人数

专业教员人数学生人数国际学生人数
总共1249总共24545总共1354
国际教员48研究生占比14%研究生占比38%


本科生占比86%本科生占比62%

  二、阿肯色大学的历史

  The 1871 establishment of the first public university in Arkansas — a state still ravaged and rankled by four years of civil war — might seem to us today to be an act more foolhardy than full of hope.

  The founding of the university, however, was one of the few achievements during the state's Reconstruction era that brought former political and military rivals together.

  Over the course of its history, the university has continued to bring the citizens of the state together by raising educational standards, improving business and economy, and giving Arkansans a hardy mascot around which to rally.

  阿肯色大学成立于1871年,是阿肯色州的第一所公立大学。当时的阿肯色还未摆脱四年内战之苦,仍饱受战争折磨。这样的背景下成立阿肯色大学,在今天的我们看来,可能更像是一种莽撞的行为,而非充满希望的举动。

  即便如此,阿肯色大学的成立仍然是阿肯色州战后重建时期少有的成就之一。这个时期,先前的政治和军事竞争对手们团结到了一起。

  在往后的历史中,阿肯色大学继续发挥这种作用,团结了市民,提高了教育标准,改善了当地商业和经济,成了阿肯色州团结和吃苦耐劳的象征。

  FOUNDING

  The state legislature approved establishment of a land-grant university, to be known as the Arkansas Industrial University, on March 27, 1871. The federal Morrill Land Grant Act granted lands to Arkansas that could be sold, the revenues from which could then be used to pay for creation of the university.

  The Board of Trustees set about determining a location, asking for cities and counties in the state to put forward bids for the university. Only two bids could be called serious, one by the town of Batesville and a second from Washington County, which offered $100,000 in bonds, and Fayetteville, which offered an additional $30,000 and 400 acres of land. This latter bid proved successful, and the board visited Washington County to determine a location, choosing the hilltop farm of William McIlroy as second to none.

  The board purchased 160 acres from McIlroy and approved erection of a temporary frame building in which to hold classes while a permanent building could be planned. Classes began on January 22, 1872, with seven boys and one girl in attendance.

  Over the course of the spring and summer, more and more students found their way to Fayetteville. Most of them lacked the preparatory coursework needed to pursue higher education, so the university provided both preparatory coursework and curriculum for a college degree.

  More than 100 students attended the university that first year. Only three faculty taught initially, and Noah Putnam Gates served as the first president of the university.

  建立

  1871年3月27日,州议会同意建立赠地大学,拟名为阿肯色工业大学。莫里尔联邦赠地法案同意将土地出售给阿肯色州。从出售土地中获得的资金用于建立大学。

  理事委员会征求了阿肯色州各地的意见,让各地提出报价。结果,只有两个地方严肃报出了价格。一个是贝茨维尔,另一个是华盛顿县的费耶特维尔。前者报价10万美元,后者报价30万美元,并捐地四百英亩土地。结果,后一个报价获得了成功。理事委员会随后到华盛顿县视察,并选择了 William McIlroy的尖山农场作为选址 。

  理事委员会从McIlroy购买了160英亩土地,在当地建立了临时教学楼,同时计划建立永久性的教学楼。1872年1月22日,学校开课。有七名男生和一名女生。

  在春季和夏季学期,到费耶特维尔学习的学生越来越多。不过大部分都没有高等教育基础。因此学校同时开设了预备课程和大学学位课程。

  第一年有一百多名学生。只有三名教师,诺亚-帕特南-盖茨担任第一任校长。

  BUILDING OF OLD MAIN

  The Board of Trustees appointed a building committee to make plans for construction of a permanent building, a building that would, in essence, be the university.

  After a visit to the University of Illinois to see its new main building, the committee sought out its architect, John Van Osdel, the premier architect of Chicago, to purchase plans for the same building at Arkansas. Van Osdel said his original plans had been destroyed in the great Chicago fire but that he would produce new drawings for $1,000.

  Soon, a contract was let and construction begun on the building. Its design is known as Second Empire, with some Italianate touches. The most obvious design elements are the five blocks of the front — the middle entrance, two recessed walls and the two towers — and its mansard roof.

  Nearly all of the construction materials came from Arkansas: the sandstone foundation, the bricks fired on the grounds, the limestone window sills and lintels, and wood milled from Ozark forests.

  It was finished in 1875 and dedicated on a warm August evening with an all-day picnic spread upon the workbenches in the shadow of the south tower. As the day's light faded, lanterns and bricks soaked in oil were lit and fireworks fired.

  It was and remains a building of aspiration, the largest in the state when completed with two towers reaching skyward. Today, those same towers serve as beacons to travelers from all entrances to Fayetteville and the building has become a symbol of higher education in Arkansas.

  OLD MAIN的建造

  理事委员会临时成立了建堂委员会,后者负责建造永久教学楼。

  参观了伊利诺斯大学新教学楼后,建堂委员会决定聘用建筑师约翰-奥斯德尔。奥斯德尔是芝加哥的一位著名建筑师,由他负责在阿肯色州制定同样的建筑计划。奥斯德尔说他原来的草图已在芝加哥大火中被毁,但是如果给他一千美金,他愿意草拟新的计划。

  不久,双方签订了合同,工程开始。它的设计被人们成为“第二帝国”,颇具意大利建筑风味。设计中最明显的是建筑正面的五个街口,包括中门、两面嵌入式墙壁、两个塔楼和复折式屋顶。

  几乎所有建筑材料出自阿肯色州,砂岩地基、土窑砖、石灰岩窗台板、门楣和木材都出自本州。

  1875年,主楼完工。八月的一个温暖的夜晚,主楼开放。人们在南塔楼阴凉的工作台上全天式野餐。天黑的时候,人们点燃浸满油的灯笼和砖块,点燃烟花以示庆祝。

  OLD MAIN始终是一部杰作,是阿肯色州最大的建筑物,它的两座塔楼直入云霄。今天,这两座一样的塔楼已成为费耶特维尔旅游的指向标,而主楼则成立阿肯色州高等教育的象征。

  三、阿肯色大学的教研情况(见下一页)


  想了解更多教育体系网的资讯,请访问: 教育体系

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