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2018年瑞士留学实用申请指南

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2017-11-09 21:59

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  近几年为何瑞士留学人数逐年增加,原因除了条件宽松、社会治安良好、不需托福成绩以外,最主要还是有很多顶尖的大学,跟着出国留学网一起来了解下2018年瑞士留学实用申请指南吧。

  Switzerland is home to one of Europe’s most prestigious higher education systems, including continental Europe’s two highest entries in the QS World University Rankings® 2018 – ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) and Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) are both placed among the world’s top 15. Additional attractions to study in Switzerland come from the postcard-perfect beauty found throughout the nation, which is especially known for its magnificent Alpine mountains and dazzling lakes. With four official languages, it’s a true European melting pot, and consistently ranks among the world’s leaders on measures of quality of life.

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  瑞士是欧洲最负盛名的高等教育系统包括2018年QS世界大学排行榜欧洲大陆排名最高的两个大学:苏黎世联邦理工学院(瑞士联邦理工学院)和洛桑联邦理工(EPFL)都处于世界排名前15名之列。在瑞士学习的额外景点来自全国各地发现的明信片完美的美丽,这一美景因其雄伟的高山和令人眼花缭乱的湖泊而闻名。有了四种官方语言,这是一个真正的欧洲大熔炉,在生活质量的衡量标准上,一直是世界各国领导人之一。听起来不错吗?然后,也许瑞士是你出国留学的目的地,跟着出国留学网一起了解更多信息吧。

  一、瑞士四大顶尖大学简介

  Nine universities in Switzerland are featured in the QS World University Rankings 2018, all of which rank in the top 550. ETH Zurich and EPFL, both within the global top 15, are joined by five more Swiss universities ranked among the world’s top 200. This is even more impressive when you consider that the population of the entire country is just 8.4 million (for comparison, that’s about the same as that of the US state of Virginia).As well as having a strong presence in the international ranking tables, universities in Switzerland are also very international in terms of their student and academic communities. Four of the eight ranked Swiss universities make the world’s top 100 for their percentage of international students, and the country also performs well when comparing the percentage of international academic staff members to universities in other countries.

  The following four universities in Switzerland are all ranked in the world’s top 100:

  瑞士有9所大学在2018年QS世界大学排名中名列前茅,所有排名都在前550名。苏黎世和EPFL都进入了全球前15名,跻身世界前200名的瑞士大学也有5所。当你考虑到整个国家的人口只有840万(相比之下,这相当于美国弗吉尼亚州的人口),这就更加令人印象深刻了。瑞士的大学不仅在国际排名中占有一席之地,而且在学生和学术团体方面也非常国际化。在瑞士的8所大学中,有4所的国际学生比例在世界排名前100,而在国际学术工作人员的比例与其他国家的大学相比,这个国家的表现也很好。

  瑞士的四所大学排名世界前100名:

  1.瑞士联邦理工学院ETH Zurich

  Switzerland’s highest-ranked university, ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) is currently placed 10th in the world and is the only non-UK European university to rank within the global top 10. The university was founded in 1855, and is well established as a leader in scientific and technical fields, with connections to an impressive 21 Nobel laureates. Today, more than 19,000 students study at ETH Zurich, studying at two campuses – one in the center of Zurich, and one on the outskirts. In the QS World University Rankings by Subject, ETH Zurich is currently ranked fifth in the world for the engineering and technology broad subject area, and sixth for natural sciences. Teaching at undergraduate level is mainly in German, while most master’s courses are English-led.

  瑞士排名最高的大学,苏黎世(瑞士联邦理工学院)目前在世界排名第十,是唯一一个在全球排名前十的欧洲大学。这所大学成立于1855年,在科学和技术领域是一个很好的领导者与21位令人印象深刻的诺贝尔奖得主有联系。今天,有19000多名学生在苏黎世大学学习,在两个校区学习——一个在苏黎世中心,一个在郊区。在QS世界大学(QS World University)的学科排名中,苏黎世大学目前在全球工程和技术学科领域排名第五,在自然科学领域排名第六。本科阶段的教学主要是德语,而大部分硕士课程都是英语教学。

  2.洛桑联邦理工学院(Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne)

  The second of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) was established slightly earlier than ETH Zurich, in 1853, and follows close behind in the international rankings tables. It’s placed 12th in the world in the QS World University Rankings 2018, and in the QS World University Rankings by Subject comes 12th for engineering and technology and 11th for natural sciences. Since Lausanne is in a French-speaking part of Switzerland, most courses offered are in French, though there are also some programs in English. About half the size of ETH Zurich, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne currently teaches about 10,500 students.

  瑞士联邦理工学院的排名第二名,(EPFL)在1853年比苏黎世(ETH Zurich)稍早成立,紧随其后的是国际排名表。在2018年QS世界大学排名中排名第12位,在QS世界大学的排名中,工程和科技排名第12位,自然科学排名第11位。由于洛桑在瑞士法语区,大部分课程都是法语,不过也有一些英语课程。洛桑联邦理工学院的规模约为苏黎世大学的一半,目前大约有10500名学生。

  3.苏黎世大学University of Zurich

  With around 25,500 students, the University of Zurich is the largest university in Switzerland, and lays claim to the country’s largest selection of study programs. Currently ranked joint 73rd in the world, it conducts teaching and research across a broader subject spectrum than the more specialized ETH Zurich and EPFL, with facilities spread throughout the city of Zurich. With public outreach at the heart of its mission, the University of Zurich runs an impressive selection of museums, public libraries, collections, events and educational programs, including a Children’s University and Senior Citizens’ University.

  苏黎世大学拥有25500名学生,是瑞士最大的大学,并声称拥有全国最大的研究项目。它目前在世界排名第73位,它在一个更广泛的主题范围内进行教学和研究,而不是更专业的苏黎世和EPFL,这些设施遍布整个苏黎世。在公共服务中心,苏黎世大学的博物馆、公共图书馆、收藏品、活动和教育项目,包括一所儿童大学和高级公民大学,都有令人印象深刻的选择。

  4.瑞士日内瓦大学University of Geneva

  Among both the largest and the oldest universities in Switzerland, the University of Geneva was established in 1559. It stands at joint 98th in the QS World University Rankings 2018, and is located in Geneva, the second-largest Swiss city after Zurich. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate programs across a broad range of subjects. Teaching at bachelor’s level is mainly in French, while many master’s courses are led in English.Also ranked among the world’s top universities are the University of Lausanne, University of Basel, University of Bern, University of St Gallen (HSG) and Université de Fribourg; the first three are all within the global top 200, while the University of St Gallen is 372nd and the Université de Fribourg is new in 2018 at 501-550.

  在瑞士最大的大学和最古老的大学中,日内瓦大学成立于1559年。它在2018年QS世界大学排名第98位,位于瑞士第二大城市日内瓦,仅次于苏黎世。它在广泛的学科范围内提供本科和研究生课程。本科阶段的教学主要是法语,而许多硕士课程都是用英语授课。此外,世界顶尖大学还包括瑞士洛桑大学、巴塞尔大学、伯尔尼大学、圣加伦大学和弗里堡大学;前三名都在全球前200名,圣加仑大学是第372名,而弗里堡大学的排名则是2018年的501 - 550名。

  二、最适合留学的五大城市

  A relatively small and landlocked country in the center of Europe, Switzerland is known for its modern cities, stunningly beautiful mountains and lakes, high quality of living, and delicious milk chocolate. With four official national languages and 25% of the Swiss population coming from outside the country, bilingualism and multiculturalism are at the core of daily life here.Discover Switzerland’s major student cities:

  瑞士是欧洲中部一个相对较小的内陆国家,以其现代化的城市而闻名,美丽的山脉和湖泊,高质量的生活,美味的牛奶巧克力。有四种官方语言,25%的瑞士人口来自国外,双语和多元文化是这里日常生活的核心。发现瑞士主要的学生城市:

  1.苏黎世Zurich

  Switzerland’s largest city, Zurich is well-known as one of the world’s major financial centers, home to the fourth largest stock exchange and the headquarters of many international companies. Located at the tip of Lake Zurich, this urban hub offers plenty of opportunities to explore the beautiful Swiss landscape, with its mixture of historic and modern buildings set against a backdrop of hills and mountains. The cost of living, as in Switzerland in general, is high, but for international students this may be offset by the country’s relatively low tuition fees. The main language in this part of Switzerland is German.Universities in Zurich include two of Switzerland’s highest-ranked: ETH Zurich (The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) and the University of Zurich, which are ranked 10th and joint 73rd respectively in the QS World University Rankings 2018.

  苏黎世是瑞士最大的城市,是世界上最大的金融中心之一,也是世界第四大证券交易所和许多跨国公司总部所在地。这个城市中心位于苏黎世湖的顶端,提供了大量的机会去探索美丽的瑞士风景,它的混合了历史和现代建筑,背景是山丘和山脉。一般来说,瑞士的生活成本很高,但对国际学生来说,这可能被该国相对较低的学费所抵消。瑞士这个地区的主要语言是德语。苏黎世的大学包括瑞士排名最高的两所大学:苏黎世大学(瑞士联邦理工学院)和苏黎世大学,它们在2018年QS世界大学排名中分别排名第10名和第73名。

  2.洛桑Lausanne

  Based in the French-speaking region of Switzerland, Lausanne is a culturally rich city, and, like Zurich, it boasts a stunning lake-side location, on the shores of Lake Geneva. It’s Switzerland’s fifth-largest city, known for its historic medieval center with a grand gothic cathedral at its heart, its close proximity to a number of ski resorts, and its lively arts scene. Lausanne is also the home of the International Olympic Committee, hosts a museum dedicated to the Olympic Games, and is currently bidding to host the 2020 Youth Winter Olympics. Its popularity among tourists and its significant student population both contribute to its vibrant nightlife.The main two universities in Lausanne are the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (12th in the QS World University Rankings 2018) and the University of Lausanne (146th).

  在瑞士的法语区,洛桑是一个文化富裕的城市,就像苏黎世一样,它在日内瓦湖岸边拥有令人惊叹的湖岸位置。它是瑞士第五大城市,以其历史悠久的中世纪中心而闻名,它的心脏有一座宏伟的哥特式大教堂,它与许多滑雪胜地的距离很近,而且它的艺术场景也很热闹。洛桑也是国际奥委会的所在地,主办了一个专门为奥运会举办的博物馆,目前正在申办2020年的青年冬季奥运会。它在游客中很受欢迎,而且它的学生数量也很可观,这都有助于它充满活力的夜生活。洛桑主要的两所大学是洛桑联邦理工学院(位于2018年QS世界大学排名第12名)和洛桑大学(第146名)。

  3.日内瓦Geneva

  Lying between the lake with which it shares its name and the French border, Geneva is the center of Francophone Switzerland. It is known on the international stage as one of the world’s main centers of diplomacy, home to the second-largest base of the United Nations and an impressive number of NGOs. Like other Swiss cities, Geneva is among the pricier study abroad destinations out there, but in return you’ll get to enjoy a comfortable, safe and cosmopolitan environment, all while studying at one of the world’s top universities. Geneva’s highest-ranked university is the University of Geneva (joint 98th in the world).

  在它与它的名字和法国边境的湖之间,日内瓦是法语瑞士的中心。它在国际舞台上被称为世界主要外交中心之一,是联合国第二大基地和令人印象深刻的非政府组织的所在地。与其他瑞士城市一样,日内瓦是海外留学目的地中最昂贵的城市之一,但作为回报,你将在世界顶尖大学的一所大学学习,享受一个舒适、安全、国际化的环境。日内瓦大学排名最高,是日内瓦大学(世界排名第98位)。

  4.伯尔尼Bern

  Known for its relatively relaxed pace of life, Bern is the federal capital of Switzerland, and its fourth most-populous city. The city’s pretty Old Town, with charming cobbled streets and 15th century buildings, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While there’s no neighboring lake, there is the meandering River Aare, and plenty of hiking trails in the surrounding hills and mountains. There’s also a good selection of museums and galleries, including the modern art-dedicated Paul Klee Centre, and enough bars and nightclubs to keep most people busy. Bern’s highest-ranked institution is the University of Bern, at 167th in the QS World University Rankings 2018.

  伯尔尼以相对轻松的生活节奏闻名于世,是瑞士的联邦首都,也是第四个人口最多的城市。这座城市的老城,有着迷人的鹅卵石街道和15世纪的建筑,是联合国教科文组织世界遗产。虽然没有邻近的湖泊,但有蜿蜒的河流Aare,还有许多在周围的山丘和山脉上的徒步小径。这里也有很多博物馆和画廊,包括现代艺术专用的保罗·克利中心,还有足够多的酒吧和夜总会让大多数人都很忙。伯尔尼排名最高的大学是伯尔尼大学,在2018年QS世界大学排名中排名第167位。

  5.巴塞尔Basel

  Situated towards the north of the country near to both the French and German borders, Basel is perhaps the ideal city for those keen to explore several other European nations during their stay. Switzerland’s third most-populous city, Basel is known as the center of the Swiss chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and also as a significant hub for culture, particularly music. It is home, for instance, to the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis, an international center dedicated to the study of music from the medieval period through to the baroque periods.The highest-ranked university in Basel is the University of Basel, which comes in at joint 149th place in the QS World University Rankings 2018, and which is the country’s oldest university.

  巴塞尔位于该国北部,靠近法国和德国边境,对于那些渴望在逗留期间探索其他欧洲国家的人来说,巴塞尔或许是理想的城市。瑞士第三大人口城市巴塞尔被认为是瑞士化学和制药工业的中心,也是文化,尤其是音乐的重要中心。例如,它是一个国际中心,致力于研究中世纪时期到巴洛克时期的音乐。巴塞尔大学是巴塞尔大学排名最高的大学,它在2018年QS世界大学排名中并列第149位,是该国最古老的大学。

  三、签证费用等相关问题解读

  There is no centralized application procedure for international students, so to apply to study in Switzerland you’ll need to make direct contact with each university. You will be able to apply online, and universities’ international and admissions offices should be available to help you if you have any problems. Make sure you check the language requirements of the courses you’re applying to; this is a country with four official languages after all! German, French and English (particularly at graduate level) predominate.

  If you’re from outside of the EU/EFTA:

  You will need to apply for a multiple entry long stay visa (Visa D) from your local Swiss embassy. You must allow at least three months for your visa to process, so make sure you apply in plenty of time.The embassy will tell you specifically what you need to provide in order to obtain your visa, but it is likely to be similar to the above list for obtaining a residence permit. You will be allowed six months to find a job in Switzerland after completing your degree, and will be able to get a work visa if you succeed.Within 14 days of your arrival you must apply for a residence permit. See above for what you’ll need to provide.

  Fees and funding Fees and funding Switzerland

  Switzerland is not a cheap place to live. Living expenses for students are estimated between CHF18,000-28,000 per year (~US$18,500-28,800). However, this is counterbalanced by the country’s relatively low tuition fees. In most cases, international students pay no more than local students (some universities operate a slight mark-up). The exact sum varies, but at most leading Swiss universities, international fees are with the range of CHF1,266-2,200 per year (~US$1,300-2,265). Some scholarships are available, from the Swiss Government and from individual Swiss universities.

  国际学生没有集中的申请方式,所以如果你要申请到瑞士留学,你需要与每一所大学进行直接接触。你将能够在线申请,如果你有任何问题,大学的国际和招生办公室应该可以帮助你。首先你要确保你检查了你申请的课程的语言要求,这毕竟是一个有四种官方语言的国家!德语、法语和英语(特别是在研究生阶段)占主导地位。

  1.如果你来自欧盟/ EFTA以外:

  你需要从当地的瑞士大使馆申请多次签证(签证)。你必须至少留出三个月的时间来办理签证,所以要确保你申请的时间足够多。大使馆会告诉你你需要提供什么来获得你的签证,但它很可能与上面的名单类似,以获得居住证。在瑞士完成学位后,你将被允许在六个月内找到一份工作,如果你成功了,你将获得工作签证。在你到达的14天内,你必须申请居住证。请参阅上面的内容,了解您需要提供的内容。

  2.费用和资金费用,并为瑞士提供资金

  瑞士并不是一个便宜的居住地。估计学生的生活费每年可达18000 - 28000美元(约18500 - 28,800美元)。然而,这与该国相对较低的学费平衡。在大多数情况下,国际学生的工资并不比当地学生高(一些大学的学费略高)。确切的金额是不同的,但在瑞士的大多数大学,国际费用是每年的1266 - 2,200(约1300 - 2265美元)。你可以申请一些来自瑞士政府和瑞士个人大学的奖学金

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  推荐阅读:

  瑞士洛桑大学基本概况 

  瑞士巴塞尔大学基本概况

  瑞士日内瓦大学基本概况


  想了解更多教育体系网的资讯,请访问: 教育体系

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