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2019-11-30 16:13


【 liuxue86.com - 考研信息 】



  301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行

  302. after the fashion (of) 依照…

  303. find fault with(=complain about criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵

  304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错

  305. in favour of 赞成

  306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

  307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利

  308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的

  309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心

  310. for fear of (=in case of because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

  311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心

  312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养

  313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了

  314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要

  315. fill in 填写

  316. fill out ( =fill in )填写

  317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就

  318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事

  319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火

  320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见

  321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语)

  322. in the first place 首先, 第一

  323. fit into 刚好放入

  324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致

  325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合

  326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在… focus sth. on 把…集中在…上

  327. be fond of 喜欢

  328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施

  329. go into force 开始生效

  330. by force 靠武力, 强行

  331. force…on 把…强加给…

  332. in the form of 以…形式

  333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气

  334. free of charge 免费

  335. be freed from 免受, 没有…

  336. in front of 在…前面 in the front of 在…前部

  337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供

  338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常

  339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一眼(强调动作)

  340. be good for 对…有好处对…有作用 be good at 擅长于 be good to 对…好

  341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)

  342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地

  343. take…for granted (=assume to be true)把…认为理所当然的.

  344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人

  345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…

  346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空

  347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕 (be) on guard 站岗

  348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止 guard…against 警卫…防止

  349. guess at 猜, 估计

  350. by guess 靠猜

  351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失

  352. be in the habit of 习惯于

  353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)

  354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)

  355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯

  356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止 停住

  357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)

  358. by hand 用手工(做)

  359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作

  360. in hand 1)在手边 2)(=under control)控制住

  361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责

  362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃

  363. at the head of 在…的前头

  364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进

  365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过

  366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上

  367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上

  368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)

  369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地

  370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意

  371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做

  372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday

  373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束、熟悉

  374. be honest in 诚实

  375. in one’s honour (or in honour of) 祝贺,纪念

  376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保

  377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有

  378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是

  379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地

  380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同

  381. be identified with 被视为与…等同

  382. in ignorance of 不知道…

  383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道

  384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响

  385. impose…on 把…强加给

  386. impress…on 给…留下印象

  387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象

  388. under the impression that有..的印象,认为

  389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进 improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好

  390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些

  391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转

  392. include…in 把…列在…里面

  393. inclusive of 把…包括在内

  394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的

  395. indicative of 表明, 说明

  396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

  397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差 superior to比…好

  398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉

  399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的

  400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要


  201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from)与…截然不同

  202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

  203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

  204. do away with(=get rid of abolish discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压

  205. have…to do with 与…有关系

  206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

  207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑

  208. be due to 是由于

  209. come off duty 下班

  210. go on duty 上班

  211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

  212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience)有义务(做)

  213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

  214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看 乐谱

  215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力

  216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

  217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

  218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

  219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

  220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

  221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

  222. have an effect on 对…有影响

  223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

  224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect take effect be brought into effect)

  225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

  226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效

  227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果

  228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效

  229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…

  230. to that effect 是那个意思的…

  231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)

  232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上

  233. encourage sb. in 鼓励 encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

  234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事

  235. on end (=continuously) 连续地

  236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

  237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量

  238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终

  239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽

  240. end up with 以…而结束

  241. come to and end (=finish) 结束

  242. end in 以…为结束

  243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事

  244. enter for (=put the name on a list for)报名参加

  245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)

  246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)

  247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…

  248. be equal to 等于

  249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付 on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地

  250. be equipped with 装备有,装有

  251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于

  252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上

  253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何

  254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样

  255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but连用)

  256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时

  257. except 除…以外 besides 除…以外还有..

  258. except (=but) 除了

  259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外

  260. (an) exception to …的例外

  261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外

  262. in excess of (=more than) 超过

  263. exchange…for 以…交换

  264. exclusive of (=not taking into account without) 不包括

  265. in excuse of 作为…的借口

  266. exert…on… 对…施加…

  267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲

  268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在 ; come into use开始使; come into effect开始运转come into fashion开始时新come into action开始行动 come into power开始执政come into sight进入视野 come into blossom开花

  269. (be) in existence存在 come into existence 出现

  270. expect…of 在…期望…

  271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲

  272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)

  273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….

  274. beyond expression_r (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的

  275. give expression_r to 表达, 表现 find expression_r in 表现

  276. to …extent 在…程度上

  277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其

  278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)

  279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见

  280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中

  281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间

  282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视

  283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里

  284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

  285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)

  286. in one’s face当着某人的面 face to faced面对面 face up to 大胆面向

  287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败

  288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

  289. keep faith with 对…守信用

  290. lose faith in 对…失去信心

  291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地

  292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚

  293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯

  294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于

  295. familiar with 熟悉,了解

  296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

  297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢

  298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用)

  299. far from 远远不是

  300. far from 非但不…(而且)


  101.charge…for 因…索取(费用) charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…

  102.round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地

  103.comment on 评论

  104.commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱

  commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来

  commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论

  105.in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的

  106.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.

  107.compare…with … 把…与…比较

  108.compare…to… 把…比作…

  109.by comparison 比较起来

  110.in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来

  111.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补

  compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥

  112.complain of(or about)抱怨诉苦控告 ; complain about 抱怨某人或事情

  complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨… complain (抱怨)complement (补充) compliment (恭维)

  113.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从

  114.conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想

  115.concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心

  116.be concerned with (=about) 与…有关

  117.concern oneself about / with 关心

  118.in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点 at the conclusion of 当…结束时

  119.condemn sb. to 判决

  120.on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如; in that = because 因为 now that = since 既然 for all that = although 尽管

  121.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit) 健康状况好/不好 in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态

  122.confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认 confess to a crime 承认罪行.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖

  124.in confidence 推心置腹地 ; with confidence 满怀信心地have confidence in 对…有信心

  125.confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖

  126.be confident of 有信心confidential 机密的

  127.confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内

  128.confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)

  129.conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守

  (1)obey服从 (2) observe (3)comply with照…办

  (4)keep to遵循(5)abide by服从(6)stick to按..做

  130.be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临

  131.congratulate sb. on 祝贺

  132.in connection with(=with regard to)关于,

  133.be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道

  134.consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意

  135.in consequence (=as a result) 结果

  136.in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果

  137.under consideration 在考虑中

  138.in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于

  139.on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不

  140. in a word总之 ;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈;have words with sb.争吵 ;have the last word有决定权; keep one's word 遵守诺言

  141. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a problem解决问题; work out a puzzle解谜

  142. at the thought of一想到

  143. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从

  144. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上

  145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把...考虑进去

  146.considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的

  147.consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致

  148.be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,

  149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教

  150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快

  151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事

  152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反

  153. on the contrary 相反

  154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)

  155. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下

  156. contribute to 有助于

  157. under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制

  158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 be convenient to / for 对…方便

  159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain to persuade sb.)使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…

  160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理

  161. in the corner(of)在角落里on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处round the comer拐过弯 be in a tight corner陷入困境

  162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信

  163. correspond to 相当于 .

  correspond with 符合,一致

  164. at all costs不惜任何代价 at the cost of 以…为代价

  165. a matter of course 理所当然的事

  166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地

  167. in (during) the course 在…过程中

  168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候

  169. on credit赊购 with credit以优异成绩 to one’s credit使某人感到光荣 do sb. credit 使…感到光荣

  170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的

  171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病

  172.a danger to对…的危险 be in danger(of)处于…危险中 be out of danger脱离危险

  173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止

  174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的 date back to可追溯到 date from从某时期开始(有)

  175. deal with (=concern) 论及

  176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债

  177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降 on the increase 在增加

  178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 to one’s regret 遗憾 sorrow悲痛 relief 安心 distress 苦恼 shame羞愧 surprise 惊奇 astonishment 惊奇

  179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐

  180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐

  181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西

  182.in demand有需求on demand受到要求时

  183. be dependent on 依靠

  184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

  185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于

  186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望

  187. in despair 绝望

  188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管

  189. in detail 详细地

  190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办

  191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

  192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…

  193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,

  194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除

  195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退 in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

  196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列

  197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉

  198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议

  199. in dispute 在争议中

  200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出





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