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2022年浙江杭州中考英语真题及答案

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    2022年浙江省的中考结束了,相信同学们一定十分期待自己的最终成绩,下面是小编整理的2022年浙江省杭州市中考英语真题和答案,供有需要的同学们参考,大家可以根据答案推测成绩,提前为学校选择、志愿填报做准备。

  2022年杭州市中考英语试题卷

  第Ⅰ卷

  第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分30分)

  第一节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  Where does the conversation most probably take place

  A. In a bank. B. In a shop. C. In a library.

  What’s the weather like

  A. Cool. B. Hot. C. Windy.

  Where does the man want to go

  A. To a restaurant. B. To a post office. C. To a supermarket.

  What does the man think of the trip

  A. Boring. B. Expensive. C. Wonderful.

  How did the man get there

  A. By car. B. By bus. C. On foot.

  第二节 (共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)

  听下面3段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你有时间阅读各小题,每小题5秒钟。听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听下面一段对话,回答第6至第8三个小题。

  Who does Max want to talk to

  A. Kate. B. Dave. C. Alex.

  Where is Alex now

  A. In a store. B. At home. C. In a hospital.

  What is Max going to do at 2: 00 p.m. tomorrow

  A. Visit a friend. B. See a doctor. C. Make a call.

  听下面一段对话,回答第9至第11三个小题。

  What’s the woman going to do next week

  A. Make a speech. B. Give a lesson. C. Have a test.

  How does she feel when she speaks in class

  A. Excited. B. Nervous. C. Angry.

  What’s the man’s suggestion

  A. Finish writing a little earlier.

  B. Use some beautiful words.

  C. Practise on him and his friends.

  听下面一段独白,回答第12至第15四个小题。

  How old is the speaker now

  A. 10. B. 12. C. 14.

  Why was he unhappy

  A. Because he was tired of the city life.

  B. Because he had to move to a new place,

  C. Because he couldn’t find his skateboard.

  What does he think of his life now

  A. Enjoyable. B. Difficult. C. Lonely.

  Who is Tony

  A. His new classmate. B. His younger brother. C. His old friend.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项。

  A

  A blog by Sascha Marr, aged 14

  My hobby is making shoes. I’ve always liked designing things. I remember drawing clothes and shoes when I was eight, and I made my first skirt aged nine. At eleven, I started making shoes, and I now spend my free time doing that. I became interested in making shoes when my cousin told me about an online shoe-making course that he was doing. I immediately wanted to do one too. Mum booked(为……预约) me on a four-day course at the I Can Make Shoes school in London to see if I liked it, and then I did a ten-day course there in the summer holidays. I loved the courses. On the longer one, I made four pairs of shoes! I couldn’t believe it. The teachers were excellent. That’s what was best about the classes. They made us work really hard but they wanted all their students to have fun, too. I’ve made about 15 parts of shoes now. At the moment I’m making a pair of training shoes using an old pair of jeans, but I’ve used all kinds of different things before, from old leather(皮革) handbags to old cotton dresses! Making shoes has changed my plans for the future. I know now that I want to be a designer, but not a shoe designer. I’ve decided I’ll do home design. I’ve designed lots of shoes and also some clothes, so I’d like to try something new.

  What did Sascha begin to make at the age of 11

  A. Skirts B. Shoes C. Jeans D. Dresses

  What does the underlined word “They” in Paragraph 3 refer to

  A. The courses B. The teachers C. The classes D. The students

  What does Sascha plan to be in the future

  A. A shoe designer B. A handbag designer C. A dress designer D. A home designer

  B

  What did people do to communicate in ancient times Here are some very interesting answers to this question.

  Alphorns(阿尔卑斯长号角) were once used to communicate in the mountains in Switzerland. They are very long and they are very heavy, too. So, alphorns are hard work to blow. Then why use them Well, they make a loud sound which travels much further than the human voice. Herdsmen(牧民) used them to call cows in the distance for milking. At sunset, alphorns were also used to send a message down to villagers that all was well. These days, they’re mostly used as musical instruments.

  The people of La Gomera, an island in Europe, have their own special way of sending messages from mountain to mountain. They use a whistled(口哨的) language called el silbo, which comes from their language Spanish. Whistling can be heard within five kilometers, which means it can be used across much greater distances than shouting. El silbo can be used for all kinds of messages, including greetings and announcements. El silbo is used a lot less than it used to be, but primary school students in La Gomera have to leave it.

  Did you know it’s also possible to send messages without making a noise This is called visual communication, and it includes the use of flags and even smoke. Long ago, soldiers along the Great Wall of China used smoke as a warning. If they noticed the enemy from their signal(信号) tower, they lit a smoky fire. When soldiers in other towers saw the smoke signal, they lit fires too. In this way, messages about the enemy’s arrival could travel as far as 800 km in just a few hours.

  What are alphorns mostly used for today

  A. Communicating in the mountains B. Calling cows for milking.

  C. Sending messages down to villages. D. Playing a kind of music.

  Why do the people of La Gomera use el silbo to communicate

  A. Because it can send messages to animals.

  B. Because it is different from their language.

  C. Because it can be heard at a great distance.

  D. Because it is a subject for young students.

  How did soldiers along the Great Wall get warning messages between towers

  A. By listening. B. By whistling. C. By shouting. D. By watching.

  Which of the following best shows the structure of the text (P=Paragraph)

  A. B. C. D.

  C

  Can anyone be an astronaut Of course not. You don’t have to have a science degree but most astronauts do. Most of them are pilots too. Life in a spaceship is hard so you must have a healthy body and mind. You need to be easy-going, patient, and helpful to spend so much time in a small space with other people. What’s the training like People have to train for a year to learn how to stay healthy and safe. They practise space walking and living in zero gravity(重力). They train in difficult conditions to learn how to solve problems and to work in a team. Everyday tasks like eating, washing and sleeping can be difficult on a spaceship. There is no running water so you have to wash with wet tissues: it’s hard to enjoy the dry food that astronauts have to eat. And to sleep you must cover your eyes because the sun rises every 90 minutes on the International Space Station. You also have to tie yourself to something so you don’t fly away! What health problems do astronauts have Life in zero gravity causes changes to our bodies. Bones and muscles(肌肉) become thin and weak so you must do a lot of exercise in space to stay fit and to help the heart move blood around your body. Astronauts often get backache because you grow in space— up to 8 centimeters! It’s also common to have headaches and to feel sick, especially at the beginning. You must have vitamins to take the place of fresh fruit and vegetables. But you don’t have to put on sun cream because space suits protect your skin (皮肤). Are you still interested So now you know. If you want to go to space, study hard, learn to fly and take care of your body and mind.

  What is a must for an astronaut

  A. A science degree. B. A pilot’s license.

  C. A healthy body and mind. D. A weak character.

  What must you do to prepare for a space trip

  A. Experience zero gravity. B. Wash with running water.

  C. Practise long walks. D. Sleep with your eyes open.

  Why do astronauts have to exercise in space

  A. To make their bones and muscles thinner.

  B. To help the heart work well and keep fit.

  C. To avoid backache and grow much taller.

  D. To stop their skins from getting sunburned.

  What is the text mainly about

  A. What we need to know to become an astronaut.

  B. Why young people are interested in space trips

  C. What problems astronauts must solve in space.

  D. Why we need to train hard before a space trip.

  D

  There are many different ways to solve a problem. One way is to be creative. People often think creative thinking is just for artists and designers, but this is not true. Dr. Edward de Bono, an expert in creative thinking and problem solving, has shown the world that using creativity to solve problems is very useful in business and in our communities, and will continue to be so in the future.

  One example of creative thinking is the solution to a parking problem in a town center. In the areas close to stores, people can only park for 20 minutes. There are parking meters where people pay to park in these areas. However, the problem is that many people leave their cars there for longer than 20 minutes. Dr. Edward de Bono’s solution is to make a rule that all cars parked in these areas must keep their headlights on. Of course, drivers will want to return to their cars before their car batteries (蓄电池) die.

  According to Dr. de Bono, people will need to use creative thinking more often in the future. To help people think more creatively, he designed the “Six Thinking Hats” system(系统). The system helps people think about a problem in different ways in order to find a solution. In the system, there are six imaginary hats of different colors. Each hat symbolizes a different way of thinking. For example, the white hat helps people consider the facts. The black hat is the most logical(有逻辑的) and helps people consider why a possible solution may not work. So, next time you have a problem in your community, think about it creatively, from different perspectives, and see what ideas you have.

  What is the topic of the text

  A. Being a creative artist in the community. B. Doing business successfully in the future.

  C. Asking experts for some useful advice. D. Using creative thinking to solve problems.

  Why is the example mentioned in Paragrah 2

  A. To express a result. B. To describe a problem.

  C. To support the topic. D. To list some numbers.

  What does the underlined word “perspectives” in Paragraph 3 mean

  A. Ways B. Places. C. People. D. Rules.

  Which of the following is true about the “Six Thinking Hats” system

  A. The system is used to help people think quickly.

  B. The white hat helps people think about the facts.

  C. The black hat has to do with people’s feelings.

  D. Six hats of different shapes can be very helpful.

  第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  下面文章中有五处(第31—35题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E和F)中选出符合意思的标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。

  Taking stress out of exams

  Pre-exam stress is one of the biggest problems in students’ lives. It makes you feel bad and stops you from thinking clearly. So here are some tips to help you lower the streets of exams.

  31

  The best way to deal with exam stress is to have a good study plan. Decide which subjects to study every day and how much time to spend on each one. And don’t wait until the last minute to study everything.

  32

  When we don’t understand something, we feel stressed. It’s normal. But don’t worry about it, do something about it! Ask your teacher for help. You may find it hard to believe but all teachers want their students to do well in exams.

  33

  Your body needs exercise for your brain to work better. So don’t study all the time. It can just make you more stressed. Do some sport, go to the gym or just go for a walk but get up and move!

  34

  It’s important for your brain to rest so try to get eight hours’ sleep every night. eat a healthy diet and avoid drinks with caffeine that can stop you from sleeping well.

  35

  Finally, if you have followed all this advice and you still feel stressed, then don’t keep it a secret. Talk to someone, your mum or your dad, a friend or a teacher and tell them how you feel. We all need help sometimes.

  A. Eat and sleep well B. Make it interesting C. Don’t be afraid to ask D. Healthy body, healthy brain E. Be organized and start early F. Don’t keep your stress to yourself

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分25分)

  第一节∶完形填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

  通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出一个最佳选项。

  Derek Rabelo was born in Brazil in 1992. His father called him Derek after a famous __36__ star, Derek Ho. Derek’s father wanted Derek to become a surfer, too, but there was a __37__: unluckily, Derek was born __38__. His father’s dream to see his son surf seemed __39__!

  When Derek was 17, his father told him about his __40__. From that moment, Derek tried his best to become a surfer. __41__ went to the beach every day and started taking surfing __42__ with a coach. Derek kept trying and __43__, he learned to surf!

  Derek explains that __44__ he can’t see, he understands the noises that the waves make and he can __45__ them when they are coming. He says every part of a wave makes a different noise, __46__ he knows which direction to surf in.

  In 2012, he flew to Hawaii to surf one of the most challenging and dangerous __47__ in the world. Local surfers were very __48__ to see the confident young man surf the huge wave with no problem __49__.

  A film producer decided to make a film about him. Beyond Sight tells Derek’s inspirational story and teaches us that nothing is impossible if you __50__ yourself!

  A. swimming B. surfing C. film D. pop

  A. problem B. rule C. promise D. plan

  A. poor B. weak C. deaf D. blind

  A. necessary B. real C. impossible D. proper

  A. story B. advice C. truth D. dream

  A. They B. We C. He D. She

  A. matches B. lessons C. photos D. exams

  A. instead B. usually C. still D. finally

  A. although B. unless C. when D. before

  A. see B. touch C. hear D. taste

  A. or B. so C. but D. for

  A. waves B. beaches C. islands D. sports

  A. sorry B. worried C. scared D. surprised

  A. after all B. at all C. at the same time D. from time to time

  A. deal with B. depend on C. believe in D. look after

  第Ⅱ卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分25分)

  第二节:(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题纸的相应位置。

  Old new medicines

  What should you do if you have a headache In modern times, people often take aspirin(阿司匹林). But is aspirin 51 (actual) a modern medicine

  More than 4,000 years ago, ancient Egyptians used dried leaves to treat pain. And in the fourth century B.C. a medicine made from tree bark(树皮) 52 (use) to treat fevers. In the nineteenth century, European scientists discovered that both medicines have the same chemical (化学物质). They used the chemical to make a modern medicine—aspirin. Today, it’s one of the world’s 53 (cheap) and most helpful medicines.

  Some of the medicines we have today come 54 traditional Chinese medicine. In the third century B.C., some people 55 (begin) studying the human body. They tried many different ways to treat the patients and recorded 56 (they) results. For more than 2,000 years, doctors recorded 57 they found in books. These ancient books are still useful today. Tu Youyou, a Chinese medical researcher, found that in 58 past, people used a herb with yellow flowers to treat fevers. After studying it, she developed a medicine that saved millions of people from dying.

  For 59 (century), Western medicine paid little attention to traditional Chinese medicine. But today, scientists are studying traditional treatments 60 (develop) new medicines.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分25分)

  第一节∶单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  根据下列句子及所给的首字母,在答题纸上按题号写出各单词的正确、完全形式(每空限填一词)。

  Jim will be on summer vacation in June and J__________.

  B__________ is the color of the sky on a sunny day.

  I love China and I am p__________ of being Chinese.

  Lisa, don’t talk with your m__________ full! It’s bad manners.

  My deskmate c__________ the school bus this morning, but I missed it and was late for school.

  Families often get together and admire the full m__________ on the Mid-Autumn night.

  After finishing university, Tom came to China. Three years l__________, he was able to speak good Chinese.

  Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after t__________.

  Although the heavy rain b__________ many things apart, it brought families and neighbors closer together.

  —Will you please help me to carry this box

  — With p__________. I’m more than happy to do it.

  第二节∶书面表达(共1小题,满分15分)

  假定你是李平,请阅读以下邮件,接受邀请并回复。词数80左右,可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  To LiPing@

  Subject Exchange Visit!

  Hi there, Li Ping! My name’s Jack and I’m going to be at your school for the exchange visit next month. I’m really excited about it! Well, why am I writing right now for one thing, I really want to know something about the interesting activities at your school, so could you introduce one of them Also, I am interested in Chinese culture. So what do you suggest I do after school! Take care and hope to hear from you soon. Jack

  Dear Jack,                                                                        

                                                                                                 

                                                                                                 

  Li Ping


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