•P1： Urbanized societies， in which a high proportion of the population lives in P cities， developed only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The process of urbanization has moved rapidly in the entire world since 1800， and the peak is not yet in sight. In the United States， early New England towns， formally disposed along wide elm-lined central roadways or commons， exhibit a conscious planning. In discussing the growth of cities in the United States in the nineteenth century， one cannot really use the term ＂urban planning＂， as it suggests modern concerns for spatial and service organization which， in most instances， did not exist before the planning revolution called the City Beautiful Movement that began in the 1890s. While there certainly were urban areas that were ＂planned” in the comprehensive contemporary sense of the word before that date， most notably Washington， D.C.， these were the exception. Most “planned＂ in the nineteenth century was limited to areas much smaller than a city and was closely associated with developers trying to make a profit from a piece of land.
•P2： Three forces particularly affected the configuration of urban and suburban...
1. Why does the woman go to the information desk？
A. The new computer catalogue has no listing for a book she needs.
B. She wants to report a flaw with the new computer system.
C. She wants to know when a book she needs will be returned to the library.
D. She wants help locating a book she found in the computer system.
2. What did the woman not understand about the results of her computer search？
A. She did not realize that she had entered some incorrect keywords.
B. She misunderstood the information the computer gave about the book＇s status.
C. She did not understand that the results included titles of both journals and books.
D. She mistakenly thought the book she found was about an island off the coast of Ireland.
3. What does the man tell the woman about the book she wants？
A. It is probably in a box outside the library where students drop off books.
B. It is probably in the area inside the library where returned books are temporaril held.
C. It is probably on a different shelf than the computer record indicates.
D. It has probably not been returned to the library...
1. Your school is planning to ban library computers from accessing social media websites. Do you agree or disagree with such a plan？
2. Do you agree or disagree with the statement that people should be fined for checking or looking at their cellphones when walking in streets and crossing roads？
3. Do you agree or disagree that it is important for young people to learn skills like cooking， sewing and caring for others？
4. Do you agree or disagree that government should ban violence and dirty words in TV programs？
5. Which would you prefer： start a project as early as possible or wait until the deadline？
6. Do you think it is a good thing or not to change one’s appearance through plastic surgery？
7. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement？ it’s impolite to make calls or send text messages on a dinner table. explain in details.
8. Your community has received a large amount of donation， should it be used to construct a playground for children or build a garden for the community？
9. Agree or disagree： when reaching 65 years old， people should not be allowed to work any...
Urban Development in the United States During the Nineteenth Century
P1： Urbanized societies， in which a high proportion of the population lives in P cities， developed only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The process of urbanization has moved rapidly in the entire world since 1800， and the peak is not yet in sight. In the United States， early New England towns， formally disposed along wide elm-lined central roadways or commons， exhibit a conscious planning. In discussing the growth of cities in the United States in the nineteenth century， one cannot really use the term ＂urban planning＂， as it suggests modern concerns for spatial and service organization which， in most instances， did not exist before the planning revolution called the City Beautiful Movement that began in the 1890s. While there certainly were urban areas that were ＂planned” in the comprehensive contemporary sense of the word before that date， most notably Washington， D.C.， these were the exception. Most “planned＂ in the nineteenth century was limited to areas much smaller than a city and was closely associated with developers trying to make a profit from a piece of land.
P2： Three forces particularly affected the configuration o...
题目：Some people prefer to solve a challenge all by themselves. Others prefer to depend on other people＇s help. Which do you prefer and why？ Include details and examples in your explanation.
题目：Do you agree or disagree？ It is important to live close to your families. Please use examples and explanations to support your position.
题目：Some people prefer to listen to or watch news every day， while others prefer to listen to or watch news occasionally. Which way do you prefer and why？ Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
综合作文：United states-wellness programs bring lots of benefits to the companies and employees.
1）become a motivational tool for people to lose weight and quit smoking，什么research shows cash 让人们change their habit more easily。
3 ）although cost companies a lot of money， long term can收回来。
1）短期减小，是一个动力but cannot keep for a long period. Research shows that after several years the people are back to their bad habit。
2）不fair，个人自身条件不一样的。Some people not time exercise， need take care of their family cope with chores，some people genetically fat They need be charge higher因为花更多时间。
3）收不回来many employees not stay in one company forever，they will change for their own financially benefits to other company政府也没有政策帮扶员工，走了收不回来，损失大。
Models of Egg Development
1 Several different theories have been put forward to explain how the hard-shelled eggs of land-dwelling reptiles （e.g. lizards） evolved from the soft eggs that amphibians （e.g. frogs and toads） lay in water. The Romer model of egg development is named after the late Alfred Romer， a paleontologist who also became director of the Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology. His specialty was early reptiles because， he felt， they were the key to understanding the great reptile diversification seen in the Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Eras （around 230 million years ago）. Romer＇s hypothesis was that some aquatic amphibians that is， amphibians living in water called anthracosaurs began to lay their eggs on land at about the time that they were evolving reptile-like skeletal features. Indeed， some of these early amphibians and earliest reptiles are so similar in their skeletons that the exact transition point from one to the other is still difficult to determine. Eventually， though， the transition was made， but these early reptiles remained aquatic. The advantage for laying eggs on land was primarily to avoid the aquatic larval （pre-adult） stage during which immature amphibians live exclusively in water with its inherent risk of predators and drying of ponds. However， the land has its own set of dangers， not least of which is the drying effect of the atmospher...
—个男生做—5 分钟的film ：男生曾经跟着—个 professor 做 research，关于 climate change
如何影响bird的breed 。（考点：选择哪些鸟类适应climate change） 。prof非常喜欢，题型他这个研究值得花很长时间，但是你只有5分钟（考点，make sure the student not be too ambitious）.关于structure.学生选择了 linear structure，然后考点问了教授对这个structure的态度，答案忘了。main point就是男生和prof讨论学生要做的film project
回忆2：professor和student之间的对话，主要是讲怎样做好project，professor提出很多要求：project 的理材是 Bird behavior based on environment，比如天气冷了去 Mexico. California ，[有题]然后天气转暖飞北方。做好这个理材，要找I教授，做intreview [有题] 考点，是将来会有solar的一个东西装起来。然后女生想申resident assistant，竞争激烈，考虑点一，要是dormitory resident，女生是；考虑点二，要有关于此方面的经历，女生有。
一个女生在申请RA，resident assistant刚开始介绍了mirror hall的坏境，有一个考点，女生关干调节她明友冲突问理。两个人住，有很多visitor影病对方生活。题目不记得， 答案是schedule她们会在房间里的时间。最后态度题，女生不确定她一定能申请上
有一篇关于art的，golden radio。先说这个在自然中应甩；（考点，shell说明golden在nature中 使用〉然后说在architecture和art里用。但是不是所有golden ratio就是好tive intuitive 也很重要。（考点，at least important）。prof 不明定 golden ratio 在 architecture 中的使用，因为证明是golden radio的只是 part of the architecture.
1.Which following statement do you think is the best to make new friends: 1. Joining in a sport team. 2. Participating in community activities or traveling?2012年5月5日北美(现象证明-选项)例文
2.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A job a high salary is better than a job with low salary, even if it is easier to lose it.
A job with more vacation time but a low salary is better than a job with a high salary but less vacation time.2009.2.27NA 范文
Do you prefer to take a low-paid but secure job or a job with a high salary but easy to lose?2009.9.25NA
3.It is easier for people to maintain healthy than in the past.20120526NA.范文
4.Governments should focus its budgets more on environmental protection than on economic development.20080112NA/20120323NA.范文
5.It is almost impossible to be completely honest to friends.20111217NA.范文
6.University should spend more money supporting social activities rather than improving the food students eat.20120907NA.
7.Working at home using computers and telephone is better than workiing in the office.20120218NA.范文
8.Nowadays,neighbors depend on each other less than the people in the past.20121006NA.范文
9.We can learn about a person from the books and movies that person like.20121117NA.范文
10.The rules that the whole socie...