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美国芝加哥大学基本概况

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学校名称: 美国芝加哥大学(芝加哥) University of Chicago (Chicago)

所在位置:美国,5801 South Ellis Avenue Chicago, IL 60637 (773) 702-1234

创建时间:1890

QS排名:9

学费:42783

录取率:0.132

学校中文网址:https://meiguo.liuxue86.com/school/1489/

  芝加哥大学成立于1890年,是美国最著名的私立大学之一,目前在QS大学排名位列美国第五。芝加哥大学的基本概况是怎样的呢?下面和出国留学网来看看吧。

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  一、关于芝加哥大学

  One of the world’s great intellectual destinations, the University of Chicago empowers scholars and students to ask tough questions, cross disciplinary boundaries, and challenge conventional thinking to enrich human life around the globe.

  Since 1890, the University of Chicago’s singular focus on inquiry has made it a model for modern institutions of higher education and research.

  Motto: Crescat scientia; vita excolatur (Let knowledge grow from more to more; and so be human life enriched.)

  Founded: 1890

  Founder: John D. Rockefeller

  President: Robert J. Zimmer

  Students: 5,971 undergraduate students. 9,394 graduate, professional, and other students

  Faculty: 2,350 full-time faculty

  Alumni: 169,000 alumni worldwide

  Academics: 56 majors and 40 minors in the undergraduate College. 5 divisions and 6 professional schools for graduate study.

  Research: 89 Nobel Prize winners, including 5 current faculty

  芝加哥大学是世界上最了不起的知识目的地之一,学者和学生们在这里可以探索艰难的问题,穿越学科的边界,挑战传统的思想,丰富人类生活。

  自从1890年建校以来,芝加哥大学在知识探索方面的非凡努力已经使它成为现代高等教育和研究的一个典范。

  校训:益智厚生。

  创办时间:1890年。

  创始人:约翰·戴维森·洛克菲勒。

  现任校长:Robert J. Zimmer。

  学生人数:本科生1971。研究生、职业学位学生和其他类型学生9394。

  全职教员:2350。

  世界各地的校友:169,000 。

  学术:本科共有56个专业和40个副修科目。研究生阶段有5个部门和6个职业研究生院。

  研究:诺贝尔奖得主89位,包括5位在职教员。

  二、芝加哥大学历史沿革

  On July 9, 1890, the University’s founders defined what they believed would build an enduring legacy: a commitment to rigorous academics for people of all backgrounds, including “opportunities for all departments of higher education to persons of both sexes on equal terms.”

  An initial pledge of $600,000 (more than $25 million in today’s currency) from John D. Rockefeller, along with contributions from the American Baptist Education Society and land from Marshall Field, helped to found the University of Chicago.

  William Rainey Harper, the University’s first president, envisioned a university that was “‘bran splinter new,’ yet as solid as the ancient hills”—a modern research university that would combine an English-style undergraduate college and a German-style graduate research institute. The University’s first buildings were modeled after the English Gothic architectural style used at Oxford, complete with towers, spires, cloisters, and grotesques. The campus landscape was shaped by legendary landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted’s designs for the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition, which was just a short walk from where the University held its first classes.

  Harper recruited the highest quality faculty possible, including several college presidents, who were drawn to the University of Chicago by the idea of a community of great scholars. In his address marking the University’s 1902 decennial, Harper reminded his audience of the University’s most important tradition: “Complete freedom of speech on all subjects,” he declared, “has from the beginning been regarded as fundamental in the University of Chicago. This principle can neither now nor at any future time be called in question.”

  By 1910, the University had developed a variety of traditions, including a coat of arms bearing a phoenix emerging from the flames and a Latin motto, Crescat scientia; vita excolatur (“Let knowledge grow from more to more; and so be human life enriched”). In 1894, maroon had become the University’s official color and “the Maroons” its nickname.

  In 1907, the University of Chicago’s first Nobel laureate, Albert A. Michelson—the first of many Nobel laureates from the University, as well as the first American to win a Nobel Prize in any of the sciences—was recognized for his breakthrough advancements in measuring the speed of light. Since then, University faculty, scholars, students, and alumni have been recognized with the highest international honors in their fields.

  1890年7月9日,芝加哥大学的创始者们对建立一座永久的遗产(大学)进行了鉴定,承诺致力于为所有背景的人们提供严谨的学术教育,包括为男女学生提供平等的进入所有高等教育部门学习的机会。

  约翰·戴维森·洛克菲勒最初承诺的60万美元(约合今天的2500万美元以上)加上来自美国浸信教育协会的资助和马歇尔·菲尔德提供的土地,让芝加哥大学得以诞生。

  威廉·瑞尼·哈珀,芝加哥大学的创始人兼首任校长对大学进行了设想,即建立一所综合英式本科学院和德国式研究生研究机构的现代的研究型大学。芝加哥大学的第一批建筑模仿了剑桥的英式哥特式建筑,带塔顶、塔尖和回廊,风格奇异。校园风景则由传奇园林建筑师弗雷德里克· 劳·奥姆斯特德设计。由他设计了1893年的世界哥伦布博览会。该博览会的选址距离芝加哥大学首次开课的地方非常近。

  哈珀聘用了当时一些最优秀的教师,包括好几位大学校长。吸引他们前来的是芝加哥大学建立精英学者社区的理念。在1902年建校十周年的演讲上,·哈珀让听众记住了芝加哥大学最重要的传统。哈珀说道:“在各个学科上的完全的言论自由从一开始就被视为芝加哥大学的基本原则。这个原则无论是在今天还是在未来的任何时候都不容置疑。”

  到1910年,芝加哥大学已经发展出了各种传统,其中包括刻有凤凰浴火重生的盾形纹章和拉丁格言“益智厚生”。1894年,栗色成了芝加哥大学的官方颜色,“栗色”(孤岛)也是其昵称。

  1907年,芝加哥大学诞生了首位诺贝尔奖获得者阿尔伯特·迈克尔逊(也是首位在科学领域获得诺贝尔奖的美国人)。阿尔伯特·迈克尔逊因其在光速测量方面的突破性成就获奖。从那以后,芝加哥大学的教员、学者、学生和校友均在各自领域获得了最高国际荣誉。

  三、芝加哥大学教研情况

  About faculty

  The University of Chicago teaches not what to think, but how. In an atmosphere of free and open inquiry, students and professors debate, collaborate, and investigate, challenging assumptions—and one another—with field-advancing insights backed by rigorous study. This unique UChicago education transforms individuals, preparing and empowering them to make a positive impact on the world.

  SCHOOL OF BUSINESS

  As part of the University of Chicago, we share this world-renowned university’s core values, which shape our distinctive intellectual culture. At Chicago Booth, we constantly question, test ideas, and seek proof. This extraordinarily effective approach to business leads to new ideas and innovative solutions. In fact, seven of our faculty members have won Nobel Prizes for these ideas.

  Divinity School

  The University of Chicago Divinity School is a tough-minded, sprawling, rigorous and dynamic conversation about what religion is and why understanding it is so vitally important. At the Divinity School, we believe serious inquiry into the subject of religion requires a university context where all ideas are subject to uncompromising standards of argument and evidence.

  Located in the heart of campus, the Div School is the graduate professional school for the academic study of religion at the University of Chicago. The dominant ethos of the school – toward the cultivation of new knowledge through research – imbues both the PhD and masters programs (MA, MDiv, AMRS), which are taught by the same faculty. The Divinity School and University represent an unparalleled depth of expertise in all five major world religions (Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity and Hinduism), throughout their historical periods, and other religious movements, past and present.

  Our faculty and students engage in advanced research in pursuit of new knowledge about the human phenomenon of religion, as viewed from the broadest possible range of perspectives. We train students for all kinds of roles which require thinking and speaking about religion – in general and specific religious communities, in traditions, texts, rituals, and other realities – in a manner that is deeply informed, rigorously critical, and honestly engaged.

  About research

  With a commitment to free and open inquiry, our scholars take an interdisciplinary approach to research that spans arts to engineering, medicine to education. Their work transforms the way we understand the world, advancing fields of study, and often creating new ones. Generating new knowledge for the benefit of present and future generations, UChicago research has had an impact around the globe, leading to such breakthroughs as discovering the link between cancer and genetics, establishing revolutionary theories of economics, and developing tools to produce reliably excellent urban schooling.

  1.教学方面

  芝加哥大学教授的不是思考什么,而是如何思考。在自由和开放的探寻的氛围中,学生和老师一起讨论、同事、调查,质疑某些假定。他们学风严谨,有学科领域的前沿见解做支撑。这种芝加哥大学独有的教育可以极大地改变一个人,为他们做好准备并强化,进而对世界产生积极的影响。

  商学院

  作为芝加哥大学的一部分,我们分享着这所世界著名大学的核心价值,正是这些价值塑造了我们独特的智力文化。在芝加哥大学布斯商学院,我们持续提出疑问,检验思想,寻找证据。这样的方法极为有效,并引发了新的思想和创新性的解决办法。事实上,在这些思想的影响下,我们有七位教员获得了诺贝尔奖。

  神学院

  芝加哥大学神学院是一个实际的、庞大的、严谨而富有活力的交流场所。在这里,我们思考什么是宗教,为什么对宗教的了解如此重要。在神学院,我们相信严肃的宗教主题探讨需要在大学语境中进行。在这样的语境中,所有的思想又要经过论证和证据这种不容妥协的标准检验。

  神学院位于芝加哥校园中心地带,属于宗教研究领域的研究生职位学院。学院的主导思想是研究培养新知识。这种思想渗透在神学院的博士课程和硕士课程中。神学院和芝加哥大学代表了世界五大宗教(伊斯兰教、犹太教、佛教、基督教和印度教)领域最顶尖的专业知识。在五大宗教的历史时期、其他宗教运动、过去和现在,我们都有最顶尖的知识。

  2.研究方面

  芝加哥大学的学者们致力于自由而开放的探索,他们从事艺术、工程、医学和教育等领域的跨学科研究。他们的工作改变了我们对世界的理解,推动了研究领域的发展,并且很多时候又创建了新的领域。芝加哥大学的研究为当代和未来人类福利创造新的知识,在全球都有影响。芝加哥大学的研究引发了各种突破,比如发现了癌症和基因之间的联系、建立了经济学领域的革命性理论、开发出了可靠优秀的城市学校教育所需的工具。

  四、校园设施

  Located in the historic Hyde Park neighborhood, just 15 minutes south of the center of Chicago, the University of Chicago is uniquely positioned to contribute to, and to draw from, the strength and diversity of this world-class metropolis as well as the world at large.

  UChicago’s campus

  We invite you to stroll among the tall, old trees in the botanic garden that is our 217-acre campus. Look up to see the playful grotesques and gargoyles that grace our buildings; step inside to walk along the paths of Nobel laureates, dedicated teachers, researchers, and tomorrow’s leaders.

  Student Care Center

  The Student Care Center, part of the University of Chicago Medical Center, is available by appointment for any student who wants to meet with a health professional. Physicians, nurses, a dietitian, and specialists in sports medicine, travel health, reproductive health, physical therapy, movement and ergonomics, and health education are available. The mandatory health and wellness fee covers all Student Care Center visits. Students who have after-hours emergencies are welcome to call the physician on call.

  Residence Halls

  Seven unique Residence Halls offer students a variety of living options. Each Hall takes on a unique culture while maintaining a sense of community. Do you want to be near the classroom buildings, the library, or the gym? Would you prefer a single or a double? Do you feel at home tucked away in a neo-Gothic quadrangle or gazing out a wide modern window?Explore UChicago’s Residence Halls.

  芝加哥大学坐落在历史悠久的海德公园附近,位于芝加哥南部,距离芝加哥市中心只有十五分钟路程。芝加哥大学独特的地理位置为芝加哥这座世界级大都市增添了优势和多样性,同时,吸引了来自芝加哥和世界各地的学生。

  芝加哥大学校园

  芝加哥大学校园占地217英亩,类似一个植物园。我们邀请你来这里漫步,这里有高大、古老的树木。你可以抬头看看那些为我们的楼房增添光彩的奇形怪状而逗趣的东西,可以走进里面,走一走诺贝尔奖获得者、专业教师、研究员和未来领导人走过的路。

  学生护理中心

  学生护理中心是芝加哥大学医疗中心的一部分,任何学生都可以预约,同保健专业人士见面。这里有医生、护士、饮食学家、以及运动医学、旅游健康、生殖健康、物理疗法、运动工效学和卫生教育方面的专家。强制性健康和福利费用涵盖所有学生护理中心访问。在工作时间之后遇到紧急情况的学生也可以打电话找我们的医生。

  宿舍楼

  芝加哥大学有七栋独特的宿舍楼,为学生提供各种住宿选择。每栋宿舍楼都有独特的文化,同时保留有一种社区感。你是否想要住得离教学楼、图书馆或体育馆近一点呢?想住单人间还是双人间?在比较僻静的新哥特式四方院里你会不会感到自在,或者是否喜欢打开大型的现代化玻璃窗眺望远处呢?那么你可以多了解芝加哥大学的学生宿舍。

  五、著名校友

  Nobel Laureates

  An extraordinary number of Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to University of Chicago faculty members, students, or researchers at some point in their careers. Some of the Nobel winners whose work is closely associated with the University are Milton Friedman (Economic Sciences, 1976), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (Physics, 1983), Saul Bellow (Literature, 1976), Charles Huggins (Physiology or Medicine, 1966), and Willard Libby (Chemistry, 1960). In addition, Alexei Abrikosov of Argonne National Laboratory (which has been operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy since the laboratory was established in 1946) shared the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics “for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids.” The University of Chicago’s first Nobel Laureate was Albert A. Michelson. The first American to win the Nobel Prize in any of the sciences, Michelson was recognized in 1907 for his measurements of the speed of light. Robert A. Millikan (Physics, 1923) did both of his prize-winning experiments on campus in the Ryerson Laboratory.

  诺贝尔奖得主

  芝加哥大学的教员、学生或研究员有不少获得了诺贝尔奖,特别是在经济学领域。有些诺贝尔奖得主的工作与芝加哥大学密切相关。这其中就有米尔顿·佛里德曼(1976年诺贝尔经济学奖得主)、苏布拉马尼扬·钱德拉塞卡(1983年诺贝尔物理学奖得主)、查理斯哈金斯(1996年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖得主)和威拉得·利比(1966年诺贝尔化学奖得主)。除此以外, 阿贡国家实验室(1946年之后由芝加哥大学代美国能源部运行)的阿莱克西·阿布里科索夫因其在超导体和超流体理论领域的开创性贡献获得联合获得2003年诺贝尔物理学奖。芝加哥大学的第一位诺贝尔奖得主是阿尔伯特·迈克尔。阿尔伯特·迈克尔也是第一位在任意科学领域获得诺贝尔奖的美国人,因其在光速测量方面的发现获得1907年诺贝尔奖。1923年诺贝尔物理学奖得主罗伯特A.米利根的两个获奖实验都是在芝加哥大学校园的赖尔森实验室完成。

  Chemistry

  Ada E. Yonath, 2009

  Irwin Rose*, 2004

  Richard E. Smalley, 1996

  Paul Crutzen, 1995

  F. Sherwood Rowland*, 1995

  Yuan T. Lee, 1986

  Henry Taube, 1983

  Herbert C. Brown*, 1979

  Ilya Prigogine, 1977

  William H. Stein, 1972

  Gerhard Herzberg, 1971

  Robert S. Mulliken*, 1966

  Karl Ziegler, 1963

  Willard Frank Libby, 1960

  Glenn Theodore Seaborg, 1951

  Harold Clayton Urey, 1934

  诺贝尔化学奖得主

  2009:阿达·约纳特。

  2004:欧文·罗斯。

  1996:理查德E.斯莫利。

  1995:保罗·克鲁岑。同年,舍伍德-罗兰。

  1986:李远哲。

  1983:亨利·陶布。

  1979:赫尔波特C.布朗。

  1977:伊利亚·普里高津。

  1972:威廉H.施泰因。

  1971:格哈德·赫茨贝格。

  1966:罗伯特S.马利肯。

  1963:卡尔·齐格勒。

  1960:威拉得·弗兰克·利比。

  1951:格伦·西奥多·西博格。

  1934: 哈罗德·克莱顿·尤里。

  Economic Sciences

  Lars Peter Hansen‡, 2013

  Eugene F. Fama*‡, 2013

  Thomas J. Sargent, 2011

  Leonid Hurwicz, 2007

  Roger B. Myerson‡, 2007

  Edward C. Prescott, 2004

  Daniel L. McFadden, 2000

  James J. Heckman‡, 2000

  Robert A. Mundell, 1999

  Myron S. Scholes*, 1997

  Robert E. Lucas Jr.*‡, 1995

  Robert W. Fogel, 1993

  Gary S. Becker*, 1992

  Ronald H. Coase, 1991

  Harry M. Markowitz*, 1990

  Merton H. Miller, 1990

  Trygve Haavelmo, 1989

  James M. Buchanan Jr.*, 1986

  Gerard Debreu, 1983

  George J. Stigler*, 1982

  Lawrence R. Klein, 1980

  Theodore W. Schultz, 1979

  Herbert A. Simon*, 1978

  Milton Friedman*, 1976

  Tjalling C. Koopmans, 1975

  Friedrich August von Hayek, 1974

  Kenneth J. Arrow, 1972

  Paul A. Samuelson*, 1970

  诺贝尔经济学奖得主

  2013:拉尔斯·彼得·汉森。同年,尤金·法玛。

  2011:托马斯·萨金特。

  2007:里奥尼德·赫维克兹。同年,罗杰·迈尔森。

  2004:爱德华·普雷斯科特。

  2000:丹尼尔-L-麦克法登。同年,詹姆斯·赫克曼。

  1999:罗伯特A 孟德尔。

  1997:迈伦·斯科尔斯。

  1995:罗伯特·卢卡斯。

  1993:罗伯特·福格尔_。

  1992:加里·贝克尔。

  1991:罗纳德H.科斯

  1990:马克维茨。同年,默顿·米勒。

  1989:特里夫·哈维默、

  1986:詹姆斯布坎南。

  1983:罗拉尔·德布鲁。

  1982:乔治.J.斯蒂格勒

  1980:劳伦斯·R·克莱因。

  1979:西奥多·W.舒尔茨。

  1978:赫伯特·西蒙。

  1976:米尔顿·佛里德曼。

  1975:佳林·库普曼斯。

  1974:弗里德里希·哈耶克。

  1972:肯尼斯·约瑟夫·阿罗。

  1970:保罗•萨缪尔森。

  推荐阅读:

  美国芝加哥大学怎么样

  美国芝加哥大学的留学费用

  芝加哥大学简介及历年世界排名

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