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日本京都大学基本概况

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2017-09-12 17:59

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学校名称: 日本京都大学 Kyoto University

所在位置:日本,京都市左京区吉田本町(606-8501)

QS排名:36

USNEWS排名:102

学费:520800 人民币

录取率:0.688

学校中文网址:https://riben.liuxue86.com/school/6342/

  京都大学创办于1897年,是日本第二古老的大学,目前在QS世界大学排名中和韩国首尔国立大学并列第36位。下面请看出国留学网为大家整理并翻译的京都大学基本概况信息。

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  一、关于京都大学

  Founded in 1897, Kyoto University is the second-oldest university in Japan. The 15th best university in Asia according to the QS Asian University Rankings, Kyoto has produced at least nine Nobel Prize laureates, including physicist Makoto Kobayashi. About 22,000 students are enrolled at the university across its undergraduate and postgraduate programs, and they are based across three campuses: Yoshida, Uji and Katsura. Of these, Uji is home to research centers and laboratories related to natural sciences, while Katsura was conceived as a “techno-science hill”. Yoshida is the largest campus and is divided into seven different sub-campuses.

  Kyoto University offers undergraduate programs in the following faculties:

  Integrated Human Studies,Letters,Education,Law,Economics,Science,Medicine,Pharmaceutical Sciences,Engineering,and Agriculture.

  Kyoto University has over a dozen graduate schools, which cover a range of subject areas, including:

  Education,Law, Economics, Science, Medicine, Engineering, Management,and Public Health.

  京都大学创办于1897年,是日本第二古老的大学,在QS亚洲大学排名中位列第15位。迄今为止,京都大学已培养出了至少九位诺贝尔奖得主,包括物理学家小林诚(2008年诺贝尔物理学奖获得者,获奖原因:发现亚原子物理学的自发对称性破缺机制)。大约有2万2千名学生注册京都大学的本科生课程和研究生课程。这些学生分布在三个校区:吉田校区、宇治校区和桂离宫校区。宇治校区是自然科学相关的研究中心和实验室所在地,桂离宫校区被认为是“科技之山”。吉田校区则是最大的校区,分为七个不同的小校区。

  京都大学的本科生课程由以下学部提供:综合人知学部、文学部、教育学部、法学部、经济学部、理学部、医学部、药学部、工学部和农学部。

  京都大学有超过12个研究生院,涵盖诸多学科领域,包括教育、法律、经济学、科学、医学、工程、管理和公共卫生。

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  排名情况

在QS世界大学排名中的位置2016第38
2017第37
2018第36
在QS世界大学专业排名中的位置工程专业世界第6
在QS毕业生就业力排名中的位置第53
在亚洲大学中的排名第15

  师生人数

学术教员人数学生人数国际学生人数
总共4060总共22974总共1990
国际教员293研究生占比42%研究生占比89%


本科生占比58%本科生占比11%

  二、京都大学的历史

  1897:Kyoto Imperial University was founded by Imperial Ordinance No. 209. It was composed of Colleges of Law, Medicine, Letters, and Science and Engineering.

  1899:Colleges of Law and Medicine opened. The University Library and the University Hospital opened.

  1903:The Fukuoka College of Medicine was established. (In April 1911 it was separated from Kyoto Imperial University and attached to Kyushu Imperial University.)

  1906:The College of Letters opened.

  1914:The College of Science and Engineering was divided into the College of Engineering and the College of Science.

  1919:The Imperial University Law was enacted and the Colleges were renamed Faculties.The Faculty of Economics was established

  1923:The Faculty of Agriculture was established.

  1924:The Experimental Farm and the University Forest attached to the Faculty of Agriculture were established.

  1926:The Institute for Chemical Research was established.

  1939:The Institute for Research in Humanities was established.

  1897:京都帝国大学得到敕令成立。分为法学院、医学院、文学院、科学与工程学院。

  1899:法学院和医学院开放。大学图书馆和大学医院开放。

  1903:福冈医学院成立。1911年四月,神冈医学院同京都帝国大学分离,并入加州帝国大学。

  1906:文学院开放。

  1914:科学与工程学院分离,形成工学院和理学院。

  1919:帝国大学法律颁布,学院重新命名为学部。经济学部成立。

  1923:农学部成立。

  1924:农学部下属实验农场和林业大学成立。

  1926:化学研究所成立。

  1939:人问研究所成立。

  1941:The Tuberculosis Research Institute was established. (In June 1967 it was renamed the Chest Disease Research Institute and renamed the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences.) The Engineering Research Institute was established. (In April 1971 it was renamed the Institute of Atomic Energy, and again in May 1996 as the Institute of Advanced Energy.)

  1944:The Wood Research Institute was established. In April 2004, it was reorganized and renamed the Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere.

  1946:The Research institute for Food Science was established. In April 2001 it was closed to merge with the Graduate School of Agriculture.

  1947:Kyoto Imperial University was renamed Kyoto University.

  1949:The National School Establishment Law was enacted. Kyoto University was reorganized under the new educational system and the former Third High School (Dai San Kou) was annexed to the university. The Faculty of Education was established.The Branch School of Kyoto University (Bunko) was opened on the campus of the former Third High School to provide education in the liberal arts.

  1951:The Disaster Prevention Research Institute was established.

  1953:The Graduate School under the new educational system was established.The Research Institute for Fundamental Physics was established. In June 1990 it was renamed the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics.

  2006:The School of Government was established.The Graduate School of Management was established. The Center for Integrated Area Studies was established. The Nano Medicine Merger Education Unit was established. The Institute of Sustainability Science was established.The Kyoto University Pioneering Research Unit for Next Generation was established. The Center for Women Researchers was established.

  2007:The Kokoro Research Center was established. The Advanced Medical Engineering Research Unit was established. The Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Science was established. The College of Medical Technology was closed. The International Innovation Organization was reorganized and renamed the Kyoto University Office of Society-Academia Collaboration for Innovation.The International Innovation Center was reorganized and renamed the Innovative Collaboration Center.The Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences was established.

  2008:The Wildlife Research Center was established.The Center for Archaeological Operations was reorganized and renamed The Center for Cultural Heritage Studies.The Unit of Synergetic Studies for Space was established.

  1941:肺结核研究所成立。(1967年重命名为胸腔研究所,再命名为前沿医学研究所。)同年,工程研究所成立。(1971年工程研究所重命名为原子能研究所,1996名再命名为高级能源研究所。)

  1944:木材研究所成立。(2004年4月重命名为可持续生存圈研究所。)

  1946:食品科学研究所成立。(2001年4月合并,形成农学研究生部。)

  1947:京都帝国大学重命名为京都大学。

  1949:国家学校建立法颁布。京都大学被新的教育体系认可,先前的第三高中被并入京都大学。教育学部成立。京都大学分校在先前的第三高中校址上成立,提供文科教育。

  1951:疾病预防研究所成立。

  1953:新教育体系下的研究生部成立。基础物理学研究所成立。在1990年6月重命名为汤川理论物理学研究所。

  2006:政府学院成立。管理学研究生部成立。综合亚洲研究中心成立。纳米医学合并教育单位成立。可持续科学研究所成立。京都大学新一代先锋研究单位成立。妇女研究员中心成立。

  2007:科科罗研究所成立。高级医学工程研究单位成立。青年生命科学事业发展单位成立。医学技术部关闭。国际创新组织重组,重命名为京都大学社会-学术协作创新办公室。同年,国际创新中心重组,重命名为创新合作中心。综合成孔材料科学机构成立。

  2008:野生生物研究中心成立。考古学运营中心重组,重命名为文化遗产研究中心。空间协同研究单位关闭。

  三、京都大学的教研情况

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  1.Faculty of Letters/Graduate School of Letters

  The Faculty of Letters originated as the College of Letters in 1906, and has been a pre-eminent academic center in the fields of arts and humanities since its foundation.The Faculty Library holds approximately 910,000 catalogued books in numerous languages and is home to many rare books and valuable historical manuscripts.The latest apparatuses and devices for scientific experiments are available at the Psychology Department.

  We currently consist of six divisions: Philosophy, Eastern Culture, Western Culture, History, Behavioral Studies, and Contemporary Culture, which are further divided into 34 departments.Undergraduates spend their first two years attending Liberal Arts and General Education Courses (classes which are open to students of all faculties).At the end of the second year, they are required to decide which department they wish to be affiliated to, and then spend a minimum of two years majoring in the field of their choice, on which they are required to write a B.A. thesis.

  At the M.A. degree level, students also spend two years or more in study and write a thesis in order to graduate.A minimum of three years is spent before submitting a doctoral dissertation.Departments devoted to studies of eastern cultures have attracted an extremely talented pool of scholars and students from abroad.

  The graduate school has always worked closely with the Institute for Research in Humanities, and other components of the university, especially the Faculty of Integrated Human Studies, for both education and research.Also, the graduate school has as an attached institution, The Center for Eurasian Cultural Studies.

  With the exception of those led by non-Japanese lecturers, most lectures are conducted in Japanese, although texts are invariably studied in their original languages, and proficiency in foreign languages is a requirement of students in all areas.

  1.文学部/文学研究生院

  文学部的前身是文学学院,成立于1906年。自那以后,在艺术和人文领域一直是一个优秀的学术中心。文学部图书馆91万册多语种藏书,有许多珍贵的书籍和历史手稿。最新的装置和科学实验设备可以心理学部看到。

  文学部目前分为六个部门,分别是哲学、东方文化、西方文化、历史、行为研究和当代文化。六个部门由可细分为34个部门。本科生前两年学习文科和通识教育课程(这些课程向所有学部的学生开放)。第二年结束的时候,学生需要明确想附属于哪个部门,然后后两年用来学习所选的专业领域,并被要求写作文学士论文

  在文学硕士学位阶段,学生也需要花至少两年时间学习或写作论文才能毕业。至少有三年学习时间才能递交博士论文。从以往情况来看,东方文化部已经吸引了极其优秀的国外学生和学者。

  文学研究生院经常在教学和研究方面同人文研究所和京都大学其他部门密切合作,尤其是和综合人知学部合作。此外,研究生院有其他附属机构——欧亚文化研究中心。

  除了母语非日语讲师的课程以外,京都大学的大部分讲座课都用日语教授。当然,文本学习按照原本原语言进行。所有学科领域的学生都需要具备外语能力。

  2.Faculty of Education/Graduate School of Education

  The Graduate School of Education aims to provide students with the professional methodologies, broad perspective, critical thinking tools and research competencies required to address the educational issues of our society. The graduate school seeks to cultivate professionals in the field of education who will contribute to the establishment of a harmonious global society, and who have insight and understanding regarding people of diverse backgrounds. To accomplish these goals, the graduate school offers varied programs to stimulate and support students’ research activities, and provides an environment which emphasizes field experiences and tangible theories with a bearing on daily practices. An emphasis is also placed on a crossdisciplinary and international approach.

  The Graduate School of Education consists of two divisions; the Division of Educational Studies and the Division of Clinical Studies of Education. The former is committed to conducting research in fields such as the philosophy and history of education, human lifelong development and learning, and the social and global environment surrounding education. It aims to produce experts with broad geographical and historical perspectives who can improve our understanding of human nature and enhance human education and learning. The Division of Clinical Studies of Education aims to train clinical psychologists with the knowledge required to effectively address the psychological issues faced by many individuals in contemporary society and educators with a deep knowledge of human beings and their relationships, who have the skills to reconstruct educational environments to meet the needs of various situations and conditions. The division covers the fields of pedagogy and psychology, and offers programs focusing on clinical issues of the human mind and mentality.

  2.教育学部/教育学研究生院

  教育学研究生院旨在为学生提供专业的方法论、广阔的视野、批判性思考的工具和研究能力,以此解决我们社会中面临的教育问题。教育学研究生院努力培养教育领域专业人才,让他们贡献于建立全球性的和谐社会,洞察和理解不同背景的人们。为了实现这些目标,教育学研究生院提供各种课程,激励和支持学生参加研究活动,创造注重野外经历和切实理论的环境。同时,强调跨学科和国际方法。

  教育学研究生院分为两个部门:教育研究部和教学临床研究部。教育研究部专注于从事哲学、教育史、人类终身发展与学习以及社会与全球环境等领域的研究。教育研究部的目标是将学生培养为具备广阔地理和历史视野的专家,能够增加我们对人性的理解,改善人们的受教育和学习。教育临床研究部的目标是将学生培养为临床心理学家,具备解决当代社会许许多多的人面临的心理问题所需的知识;培养为教育家,深刻理解人类和人与人之间的关系,具备重建教育环境、满足不同处境和条件需求所需的技能。教育临床研究部涵盖教学法和心理学,课程重点在人脑和精神的临床问题。

  3.Faculty of Law/Graduate School of Law

  For over a century, the Faculty and Graduate School of Law have played a central role in the teaching and research of law and political science in Japan. Through their education and research programs, the faculty and graduate school are committed to cultivating students’ knowledge, opinion, wisdom and logical thinking, and nurturing their intellectual autonomy. The research undertaken is devoted to searching for truth through open discussion, and has consistently made valuable contributions to society by actively tackling current key issues.

  Recent years have seen a number of significant changes in both the graduate school and faculty. In April 2004, the Law School was added as a new professional graduate school offering a systematic legal education program. The Legal and Political Studies Programs (LL.M. and LL.D. Programs) at the Graduate School of Law are designed for those interested in an academic career. Through the two graduate programs and the Law School Program, students are provided with the opportunity to attain both advanced research skills and practical legal training.

  3.法学部/法学研究生院

  在过去一百多年时间里,法学部和法学研究生院在日本法学和政治学教学研究中扮演了主要的角色。通过提供的教学和研究项目,法学部和法学研究生院专注于培养学生的知识、见解、智慧和逻辑思考,培养他们在学术上独立。这里的从事的研究目的是通过公开讨论寻求真理。这里的研究通过积极解决当前社会面临的核心问题,已经为社会做出了巨大贡献。

  近些年来,法学部和法学研究生院都有了许多变化。2004年四月,法学院增加了新的职业研究生院,以提供系统的法学教育课程。法学研究生院的法律和政治研究课程(法学硕士和法学博士课程)针对有意向从事学术研究的学生。通过两个研究生学习急哈和法学院课程,学院为学生提供了获得高级研究技能和法学实践培训的机会。

  四、京都大学著名校友

政界近卫文麿:第34、38、39任日本首相
清瀬一郎:前众议院议长
林譲治:前众议院议长,副总理
宇田耕一:前经济企划厅长官
大村清一:前内务大臣,防卫厅长官
法律界园部逸夫: 前最高法院法官
奥田昌道: 前最高法院法官
堀田力: 前法务大臣官房长官
泉德治: 前最高法院法官
田原睦夫: 前最高法院法官
经济界岩永裕吉:前同盟通讯社社长
铃木刚:前住友银行行长
代田稔:养乐多创始人
樋口广太郎:前朝日啤酒社长
森薫:前阪急电铁社长

  推荐阅读:

  日本留学京都大学学费

  日本京都大学奖学金全面介绍

  日本京都大学研究生留学申请指南

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