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韩国首尔国立大学基本概况

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2017-09-13 12:46

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学校名称: 韩国首尔国立大学 Seoul National University

所在位置:韩国,首尔市冠岳区冠岳路1号

QS排名:36

USNEWS排名:119

录取率:0.355

学校中文网址:https://hanguo.liuxue86.com/school/10060/

  首尔国立大学成立于1946年,目前在QS世界大学排名中和日本京都大学并列第36位。下面是出国留学网为大家整理并翻译的首尔国立大学基本概况信息,供大家参考。

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  一、关于首尔国立大学

  The 35th best university in the world according to the QS World University Rankings® 2016-2017, Seoul National University is widely considered to be the most prestigious university in South Korea. Comprised of 16 colleges as well as a graduate school and nine professional schools, the university is ranked in the top 50 in the world for over 30 subjects in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017. In most cases, teaching at undergraduate level is available in English.

  The 16 colleges at Seoul National University offer over 80 undergraduate courses in total, including some interdisciplinary programs. Subjects available at undergraduate level include:

  Political Science,Psychology,Business Administration,Medicine,Materials Science and Engineering,Nuclear Engineering,and Law.

  SNU’s one graduate school offers 99 different programs, covering five different fields of study. Most subjects are available to study at both master’s and doctorate level, although there are some exceptions. Teaching is in Korean, unless the university website says otherwise. Available subjects include:

  Korean History,Oriental Philosophy,Economics,Chemistry,Dental Studies,Computer Science and Engineering,Law,and Business Administration.

  首尔国立大学在QS2016-2017世界大学排名中排在第35位,被广泛认可为韩国最著名的大学。首尔国立大学有16个学院、1个研究生院和9个职业学院,有30多个学科在QS2017世界大学排名中位列世界前50。大多数情况下,首尔国立大学在本科阶段用英语教学。

  首尔国立大学有16个学院,涵盖80多门本科课程,包括一些跨学科课程。本科阶段的学科包括政治学、心理学、工商管理、医学、材料科学与工程、核能工程和法律。

  首尔国立大学有一个研究生院,提供90门不同的课程,涵盖五个不同学科领域。多数学科都在硕士和博士阶段提供,虽然也有例外。除非学校网站有另外说明,教学语言为韩语。首尔国立大学在研究生阶段的课程包括韩国历史、东方哲学、经济学、化学、牙科、计算机科学与工程、法律和工商管理。

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  师生人数

学术教员人数学生人数国际学生人数
总共3930总共28064总共2331
国际教员433研究生占比42%研究生占比47%


本科生占比58%本科生占比53%

  二、首尔国立大学的历史

  The origin of Seoul National University (SNU) dates back to the late nineteenth century when Korean Emperor Gojong established modern higher education institutions which later became part of SNU.

  In 1895 Emperor Gojong issued Imperial Order 49 and established the Legal Training School as the first modern higher education institution in Korea. It turned out 209 graduates including the Martyr Yi Jun.

  The Seoul (Hanseong) Normal School, the first modern teacher training school was established in the same year and later became the SNU College of Education.

  The early years of Seoul National University were marked by trials and tribulations during a time of turmoil. After gaining independence from Japan in 1945, one hundred dignitaries of the National Committee on Educational Planning proposed opening a national university by making use of the Seoul University buildings.

  With the support of Korean officials working at the Department of Education of the United States Army Military Government in Korea, a proposal to establish “Seoul National University” was formally announced on July 13, 1946, and was formalized in an Ordinance to establish Seoul National University on August 22, 1946.

  Following the ordinance, Seoul National University opened in October 1946 with nine colleges and one graduate school. The Colleges included were those of the Liberal Arts and Sciences, Engineering, Agriculture, Law, Education, Commerce, Medicine, Fine Arts, and Dentistry.

  However, many students and professors objected to the idea of opening a national university, leading to a campaign to oppose its establishment. This demonstration spread throughout the country, involving 57 schools and more than 40,000 students, However a counter-campaign supporting the establishment of the national university was mounted as well, demanding that classes continue. As a result, 4,956 students who started the demonstration were expelled in May 1947, and 3,158 of whom were readmitted to the university on Independence Day of the same year.

  The University was finally able to resume classes in September 1947, after a year of chaos. Unfortunately, the challenge to establish a national university continued. Due to the Korean War in 1950, the University had to evacuate and relocate to Busan. Along with other private universities that had evacuated to Busan. The University formed a “War-time Union University” which lasted from February 1951 to May 1952.

  Even during this time of evacuation, faculty and students worked hard to expand the spectrum of learning for students: The College of Pharmacy was established in September 1950; the College of Art was divided into the College of Fine Arts and College of Music in April 1953; and the Department of Veterinary Medicine in the College of Agriculture was made into the College of Veterinary Medicine. As a result, the university became an integrated educational institution with 12 colleges and a graduate school.

  首尔国立大学的历史可追溯到19世纪后期。19世纪后期,朝鲜皇帝Gojong 成立了一批现代高等教育机构,这些机构后来成了首尔国立大学的一部分。

  1895年,Gojong 颁布敕令,成立了法律培训学校。法律培训学校是韩国的第一个高等教育机构。法律培训学校培养了209名毕业生,包括Martyr Yi Jun也在内。

  同年,韩国第一所现代教师培训学校首尔师范学校成立。首尔师范学校后来成了首尔国立大学教育学院。

  首尔国立大学早期经历了不少痛苦与磨难。1945年从日本获得独立后,国家教育规划委员会的一百名高官提议,利用高丽大学的建筑成立一所国立大学。

  在美国教育部驻韩军政府韩国官员的支持下,成立“首尔国立大学”的提议于1946年7月13日正式通过,并在1946年8月22日进入了官方条例。

  1946年,首尔国立大学开放,当时有九个本科学院和一个研究生院。本科学院包括文理学院、工学院、农学院、法学院、教育学院、商学院、医学院、艺术学院和牙科学院。

  尽管如此,许多教授和学生都反对成立国立大学,因此导致了反对运动。反对运动迅速蔓延全国,57所学校和4万多名学生卷入其中。所幸的是,支持派也展开了运动,要求继续开课。这样的结果是,参加反对运动的4956名学生在1947年五月被开除。同年,3158名学生在独立日被重新接受。

  经过一年的动乱之后,首尔国立大学最终在1947年9月重新开课。不幸的是,建立国立大学面临的挑战仍在继续。由于1950的朝鲜战争,首尔国立大学不得不对学生进行疏散,并搬迁到了釜山。同时迁到釜山的还有其他一些私立学校。随后,首尔国立大学在釜山成立了“战时联合大学”。战时联合大学从1951年2月持续到1952年5月。

  即便是在疏散撤离期间,首尔国立大学的师生也没有放弃辛勤工作,增加课程。在这期间,药学院于1950年9月成立,艺术学院于1953年被分为美术学院和音乐学院。农学院下属的兽医学部独立为兽医学院。这样以来,首尔国立大学就成了一所综合性的教育机构,有了12个学院和一个研究生院。

(未完,更多关于韩国首尔国立大学概况的信息请看下一页)


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