The University of Barcelona is the most formidable public institution of higher education in Catalonia, catering to the needs of the greatest number of students and delivering the broadest and most comprehensive offering in higher educational courses. The UB is also the principal centre of university research in Spain and has become a European benchmark for research activity, both in terms of the number of research programmes it conducts and the excellence these have achieved.
Its own history closely tied to the history of Barcelona and of Catalonia, our university combines the values of tradition with its position as an institution dedicated to innovation and teaching excellence: a university that is as outward-looking and cosmopolitan as the city from which it takes its name.
Faculity staff and students
|Number of academic faculty staff||Number of students||Number of international students|
|In total||3863||In total||46002||In total||6134|
Prior to 1450: the UB's origins and its foundation
During the Middle Ages, institutions called estudis (studium) began to appear. In time they would become universities. At first, however, these estudis generals were founded by popes, emperors or kings and they had a faculty of the arts and a faculty of advanced learning in theology, law and medicine.
In Catalonia, the first examples emerged with the Estudi General of Lleida (1300), the Estudi General of Perpinyà (1349) and the Estudi General of Girona (1446).
From the end of the thirteenth century, the city of Barcelona was home to civil and ecclesiastical schools in which students could pursue degrees in Grammar, Civil Law, Canon Law and Logic.
In 1401, King Martí I the Humane established an Estudi General of Medicine in Barcelona. A year later, he added a Faculty of the Arts. From that moment, university studies in Barcelona received the name Estudi General of Medicine and the Arts.
在加泰罗尼亚，这类机构最早的例子有 Estudi General of Lleida (1300)， Estudi General of Perpinyà (1349)和Estudi General of Girona (1446)。
1401年，马蒂诺二世在巴塞罗那成立了Estudi General of Medicine 。一年后，成立了文学院。从那时起，巴塞罗那的大学机构有了Estudi General of Medicine and the Arts之名。
1450-1508: the Estudi General of Barcelona
In 1450, King Alphonse the Magnanimous granted a charter for the establishment of the Estudi General of Barcelona, unifying all of the previous schools of higher learning. In the new institution, chairs were created in Theology, Canon Law, Civil Law, Moral and Natural Philosophy, the Seven Arts, Medicine and other disciplines.
The University, however, faced many difficulties during this period. Of particular importance was the Civil War in Catalonia (1462-1472), which had a debilitating effect on the institution. In 1488, under the reign of Fernando the Catholic of Aragon, the Estudi General of Medicine received a fresh impetus when it was merged with the schools under the patronage of the Barcelona City Hall.
1508-1717: a new building in the Rambla to bring all the faculties together
In 1508, the first Ordinances were passed to govern the Estudi General of Barcelona founded in 1450.
In 1536, construction began on a new building for the institution at the top of the Rambla.
In 1559, the school brought all existing faculties together in one location.
At that time, the institution entered a period of difficulty and decline, marked by censorship of publications, bans on foreign contact, insufficient resources, and student conflict and violence.
尽管如此，巴塞罗那大学在这段时期仍面临诸多困难。尤其是加泰罗尼亚内战 (1462-1472)，给学校带来了影响。1488年，在费尔南多的统治下，Estudi General of Medicine 获得了新鲜血液。那一年，Estudi General of Medicine 同巴塞罗那市政府赞助下的几个学校合并。
1717-1835: the University of Cervera
As a result of the Spanish War of Succession, studies in Philosophy, Canon Law and Law were removed from Barcelona to Cervera in 1714, while studies in Medicine and Grammar, which were taught by the Jesuits, remained in the city.
In 1717, a royal order established a single university at Cervera, and all university studies in Barcelona, Lleida, Girona, Tarragona, Vic and Tortosa closed and were moved there.
From 1767, the University of Cervera entered into a period of decline. Interest emerged in Barcelona to bring the university back to the city, where a number of important educational institutions had begun to flourish, such as the Royal Military Academy of Mathematics of Barcelona, which was a pioneer in Europe, and the College of Surgery of Barcelona, which provided studies in Medicine that far surpassed the education available at Cervera.
1835-1859: the restoration of the University of Barcelona
In 1822, the University of Barcelona began to take shape again. Education provided by schools such as the Junta de Comerç formed the foundation. While the University of Cervera continued to exist, efforts to restore the University of Barcelona had advanced significantly by 1835.
In 1837, the University of Barcelona was provisionally restored. By 1842, the long campaign that had begun in 1822 finally led to the permanent restoration of the University.
The University’s first official home was the former premises of the Convent of Carme, which served temporarily to house the Faculties of Theology, Canon Law and Law and later housed the Faculty of Pharmacy as well.
The University experienced some years of ideological in-fighting and faculty purges during the rule of the moderate party. After the Revolution of 1868, however, the expelled professors took their chairs again and a period of educational liberalization began.
1822年，巴塞罗那大学开始重获生机。Junta de Comerç 等学院提供的教育构成了这个时期巴塞罗那大学教育的基础。虽然塞尔韦拉大学仍然存在，但是到1835年，巴塞罗那大学复兴的努力已经有了明显的成效。
1859-1900: a new University building by architect Elies Rogent
By 1859, the state of the facilities at the former Convent of Carme had deterioriated and a project was established to construct a new building by the architect Elies Rogent.
From 1871, the new building became home to all the University’s faculties with the exception of the Faculty of Medicine, which continued at the former Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, where it had been since 1843.
In 1906, the new Faculty of Medicine was opened at the new Hospital Clínic.
从1871年起，新校址成了医学院以外其他所有学院的所在地。医学院仍在先前的Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau。从1843年起医学院就设在这里。
1900-1939: the Statute of Autonomy of the University of Barcelona
A key milestone in the history of the University of Barcelona in the twentieth century was the passage of its Statute of Autonomy in September 1933.
Under its Statute of Autonomy, the government of the University was run by trustees who represented the Government of the Spanish Republic, the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Senate of the University.
1939-1975: the University of Barcelona under the Franco dictatorship
The Spanish Civil War and the Franco dictatorship (1939-1975) marked the beginning of a period of repression, involving faculty expulsions, the suppression of university autonomy, and the elimination of the Catalan culture and language from academic life.
During the period, key actions taken against the regime included initiatives to protect and spread the Catalan culture and language, the establishment of the Democratic Students' Union of the University of Barcelona, and the student occupation of the UB's rector's office in January 1969.
Starting in the nineteen-fifties, new UB facilities were built in the district of Pedralbes, including the Faculties of Pharmacy (1957), Law (1958), Fine Arts (1960), Business Sciences (1961), Economics (1967-1968), Physics and Chemistry (1969), Psychology and Education (1970), Philosophy and Geography and History (1970) and Biology (1975).
根据自治法，巴塞罗那大学由代表西班牙共和国政府、Generalitat of Catalonia 和学校评议会的受托人托管。
From 1975 to today: the present-day University
The election of Dr. Badia i Margarit as rector of the University of Barcelona in 1977 marked the beginning of a period of normalization, modernization and democratization.
In 1985, new Statutes were approved for the University, restoring the autonomy which the institution had enjoyed during the Second Republic.
With respect to facilities, the Faculty of Geology was built (1985-1986), teaching began on the Bellvitge Health Sciences Campus (Nursing, Medicine, Dentistry and Podiatry) in 1982, the Mundet Campus was developed during the nineteen-nineties (Teacher Training, Education and Psychology) and a new building opened in the district of the Raval in 2006 for the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Geography and History.
1977年， Badia i Margarit 博士当选巴塞罗那大学校长，标志着正常化、现代化和民主化时期开始。