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西班牙巴塞罗那大学基本概况

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2017-09-20 17:33

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学校名称: 西班牙巴塞罗那大学 Universitat de Barcelona

所在位置:西班牙

QS排名:81

录取率:0.582

学校中文网址:https://xibanya.liuxue86.com/school/7853/

  巴塞罗那大学创办于1450年,是西班牙国际排名最高的大学,其研究影响力堪称顶尖,目前世界排名第156位。下面请看出国留学网整理并翻译的巴塞罗那大学基本概况,供大家参考。

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  一、关于巴塞罗那大学

  The University of Barcelona is the most formidable public institution of higher education in Catalonia, catering to the needs of the greatest number of students and delivering the broadest and most comprehensive offering in higher educational courses. The UB is also the principal centre of university research in Spain and has become a European benchmark for research activity, both in terms of the number of research programmes it conducts and the excellence these have achieved.

  Its own history closely tied to the history of Barcelona and of Catalonia, our university combines the values of tradition with its position as an institution dedicated to innovation and teaching excellence: a university that is as outward-looking and cosmopolitan as the city from which it takes its name.

  巴塞罗那大学是西班牙加泰罗尼亚最具实力的公立高等教育机构,它满足最广大学生的需求,有最广泛和最全面的高等教育课程。巴塞罗那大学还是西班牙主要的大学研究中心,无论是根据研究项目的数量还是研究项目成果,都已成为衡量欧洲研究活动的一个基准。

  巴塞罗那大学的历史与巴塞罗那和加泰罗尼亚紧密相连。它结合了价值传统和作为专注创新与优质教学机构的地位。巴塞罗那大学和它的名字来源城市巴塞罗那一样,是外向的和国际化的。

  Faculity staff and students

Number of academic faculty staffNumber of studentsNumber of international students
In total3863In total46002In total6134
International108Postgraduate18%Postgraduate39%


Undergraduate82%Undergraduate61%

  师生人数

专业教员人数学生人数国际学生人数
总共3863总共46002总共6134
国际教员108研究生占比18%研究生占比39%


本科生占比82%本科生占比61%

  二、巴塞罗那大学的历史

  Prior to 1450: the UB's origins and its foundation

  During the Middle Ages, institutions called estudis (studium) began to appear. In time they would become universities. At first, however, these estudis generals were founded by popes, emperors or kings and they had a faculty of the arts and a faculty of advanced learning in theology, law and medicine.

  In Catalonia, the first examples emerged with the Estudi General of Lleida (1300), the Estudi General of Perpinyà (1349) and the Estudi General of Girona (1446).

  From the end of the thirteenth century, the city of Barcelona was home to civil and ecclesiastical schools in which students could pursue degrees in Grammar, Civil Law, Canon Law and Logic.

  In 1401, King Martí I the Humane established an Estudi General of Medicine in Barcelona. A year later, he added a Faculty of the Arts. From that moment, university studies in Barcelona received the name Estudi General of Medicine and the Arts.

  第一个时期:1450年以前

  在中世纪,一种叫做estudis的机构开始出现,后来成了大学。不过在刚开始的时候,这类机构是由教皇、君主或国王成立的,它们由一个文学院和一个专事神学、法律和医学的高级学习学院组成。

  在加泰罗尼亚,这类机构最早的例子有 Estudi General of Lleida (1300), Estudi General of Perpinyà (1349)和Estudi General of Girona (1446)。

  从13世纪末开始,巴塞罗那成了公民学校和教会学校所在地。在这些学校里,学生可以攻读语法、民法、教会法和逻辑学四个学科的学位。

  1401年,马蒂诺二世在巴塞罗那成立了Estudi General of Medicine 。一年后,成立了文学院。从那时起,巴塞罗那的大学机构有了Estudi General of Medicine and the Arts之名。

  1450-1508: the Estudi General of Barcelona

  In 1450, King Alphonse the Magnanimous granted a charter for the establishment of the Estudi General of Barcelona, unifying all of the previous schools of higher learning. In the new institution, chairs were created in Theology, Canon Law, Civil Law, Moral and Natural Philosophy, the Seven Arts, Medicine and other disciplines.

  The University, however, faced many difficulties during this period. Of particular importance was the Civil War in Catalonia (1462-1472), which had a debilitating effect on the institution. In 1488, under the reign of Fernando the Catholic of Aragon, the Estudi General of Medicine received a fresh impetus when it was merged with the schools under the patronage of the Barcelona City Hall.

  1508-1717: a new building in the Rambla to bring all the faculties together

  In 1508, the first Ordinances were passed to govern the Estudi General of Barcelona founded in 1450.

  In 1536, construction began on a new building for the institution at the top of the Rambla.

  In 1559, the school brought all existing faculties together in one location.

  At that time, the institution entered a period of difficulty and decline, marked by censorship of publications, bans on foreign contact, insufficient resources, and student conflict and violence.

  第二个时期:1450-1508

  1450年,阿方索五世国王特许成立巴塞罗那研究总院,统一了先前的高等教育学校。在新的制度下,大学教授职位涵盖了神学、教会法、民法、道德哲学与自然哲学、“七艺”、医学和其他学科。

  尽管如此,巴塞罗那大学在这段时期仍面临诸多困难。尤其是加泰罗尼亚内战 (1462-1472),给学校带来了影响。1488年,在费尔南多的统治下,Estudi General of Medicine 获得了新鲜血液。那一年,Estudi General of Medicine 同巴塞罗那市政府赞助下的几个学校合并。

  第三个时期:1508-1717

  1508年,通过了管理巴塞罗那研究总院的第一条法令。

  1536年,兰布拉顶尖机构建筑开始动工。

  1559年,学校将所有现有的学院集中到一个地址。

  那个时候,巴塞罗那大学进入了困难和衰退时期,标志便是出版物审核愈加严格、禁止与外国发生联系、资源匮乏,学生冲突和暴力经常发生。

  1717-1835: the University of Cervera

  As a result of the Spanish War of Succession, studies in Philosophy, Canon Law and Law were removed from Barcelona to Cervera in 1714, while studies in Medicine and Grammar, which were taught by the Jesuits, remained in the city.

  In 1717, a royal order established a single university at Cervera, and all university studies in Barcelona, Lleida, Girona, Tarragona, Vic and Tortosa closed and were moved there.

  From 1767, the University of Cervera entered into a period of decline. Interest emerged in Barcelona to bring the university back to the city, where a number of important educational institutions had begun to flourish, such as the Royal Military Academy of Mathematics of Barcelona, which was a pioneer in Europe, and the College of Surgery of Barcelona, which provided studies in Medicine that far surpassed the education available at Cervera.

  第四个时期:1717-1835

  西班牙王位继承战争导致哲学、教会法和民法的学习被迫于1717年从巴塞罗那搬到塞尔韦拉,而医学和语法由耶稣会士教授,地点仍在巴塞罗那。

  1717年,西班牙皇室命令在塞尔韦拉建立一所单一大学,巴塞罗那、列伊达、赫罗纳、塔拉戈纳、比克和托尔托萨等地的所有大学被迫关系,全部搬到了塞尔韦拉。

  从1767年起,塞尔韦拉大学进入了衰落时期。巴塞罗那要求将大学迁回,因为这时的巴塞罗那已经有了许多蒸蒸日上的重要的教育机构,比如巴塞罗那皇家军事数学学院和巴塞罗那外科学院。前者在欧洲同行中领先,后者提供的医学教育则远远超出了塞尔韦拉大学提供的医学教育。

  1835-1859: the restoration of the University of Barcelona

  In 1822, the University of Barcelona began to take shape again. Education provided by schools such as the Junta de Comerç formed the foundation. While the University of Cervera continued to exist, efforts to restore the University of Barcelona had advanced significantly by 1835.

  In 1837, the University of Barcelona was provisionally restored. By 1842, the long campaign that had begun in 1822 finally led to the permanent restoration of the University.

  The University’s first official home was the former premises of the Convent of Carme, which served temporarily to house the Faculties of Theology, Canon Law and Law and later housed the Faculty of Pharmacy as well.

  The University experienced some years of ideological in-fighting and faculty purges during the rule of the moderate party. After the Revolution of 1868, however, the expelled professors took their chairs again and a period of educational liberalization began.

  第五个时期:1835-1859

  1822年,巴塞罗那大学开始重获生机。Junta de Comerç 等学院提供的教育构成了这个时期巴塞罗那大学教育的基础。虽然塞尔韦拉大学仍然存在,但是到1835年,巴塞罗那大学复兴的努力已经有了明显的成效。

  1837年,巴塞罗那大学暂时恢复。到1842年,始于1822年的支持运动最终获得胜利,巴塞罗那大学永久恢复。

  起先,巴塞罗那大学的校址在先前的经营场址加尔尼修道院。这里暂时性地成了神学院、教会法学院和民法学院所在地。后来,药学院也设在这里。

  在这个时期,在温和当统治下,巴塞罗那大学经历了几年的意识形态斗争和员工清除。不过在1868年革命之后,被驱逐的教师恢复了职位,教育自由化时期开始。

  1859-1900: a new University building by architect Elies Rogent

  By 1859, the state of the facilities at the former Convent of Carme had deterioriated and a project was established to construct a new building by the architect Elies Rogent.

  From 1871, the new building became home to all the University’s faculties with the exception of the Faculty of Medicine, which continued at the former Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, where it had been since 1843.

  In 1906, the new Faculty of Medicine was opened at the new Hospital Clínic.

  第六个时期:1859-1900

  到1859年,原先加尔尼修道院的教学设施已经老化,于是新的校址开始建立,建筑师是Elies Rogent。

  从1871年起,新校址成了医学院以外其他所有学院的所在地。医学院仍在先前的Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau。从1843年起医学院就设在这里。

  1906年,新的医学院在新校址开放。

  1900-1939: the Statute of Autonomy of the University of Barcelona

  A key milestone in the history of the University of Barcelona in the twentieth century was the passage of its Statute of Autonomy in September 1933.

  Under its Statute of Autonomy, the government of the University was run by trustees who represented the Government of the Spanish Republic, the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Senate of the University.

  1939-1975: the University of Barcelona under the Franco dictatorship

  The Spanish Civil War and the Franco dictatorship (1939-1975) marked the beginning of a period of repression, involving faculty expulsions, the suppression of university autonomy, and the elimination of the Catalan culture and language from academic life.

  During the period, key actions taken against the regime included initiatives to protect and spread the Catalan culture and language, the establishment of the Democratic Students' Union of the University of Barcelona, and the student occupation of the UB's rector's office in January 1969.

  Starting in the nineteen-fifties, new UB facilities were built in the district of Pedralbes, including the Faculties of Pharmacy (1957), Law (1958), Fine Arts (1960), Business Sciences (1961), Economics (1967-1968), Physics and Chemistry (1969), Psychology and Education (1970), Philosophy and Geography and History (1970) and Biology (1975).

  第七个时期:1900-1939

  巴塞罗那大学在20世纪经历的里程碑事件之一便是1933年通过了自治法。

  根据自治法,巴塞罗那大学由代表西班牙共和国政府、Generalitat of Catalonia 和学校评议会的受托人托管。

  第八个时期:1939-1975

  西班牙内战和佛朗哥独裁(1939-1975) 意味着压制的开始。在这期间,学校教职员工遭到驱逐,自治受到压制,加泰罗尼亚文化和学术生活语言遭到清除。

  这个时期,反对独裁的的关键行动包括倡导保护和传播加泰罗尼亚文化语言,建立民主学生会,学生占领校长室(1969年1月)。

  从20世纪50年代起,新的设施开始在德拉贝斯建立。此后,药学院于1957年在此建立,艺术学院1961年建立,商务科学学院1961年建立,经济学院1967-68年建立,物理与化学学院1969年建立,心理学与教育学学院1970年建立,哲学、地理与历史学院1970年建立,生物学院1975年建立。

  From 1975 to today: the present-day University

  The election of Dr. Badia i Margarit as rector of the University of Barcelona in 1977 marked the beginning of a period of normalization, modernization and democratization.

  In 1985, new Statutes were approved for the University, restoring the autonomy which the institution had enjoyed during the Second Republic.

  With respect to facilities, the Faculty of Geology was built (1985-1986), teaching began on the Bellvitge Health Sciences Campus (Nursing, Medicine, Dentistry and Podiatry) in 1982, the Mundet Campus was developed during the nineteen-nineties (Teacher Training, Education and Psychology) and a new building opened in the district of the Raval in 2006 for the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Geography and History.

  第九个时期:1975年至今

  1977年, Badia i Margarit 博士当选巴塞罗那大学校长,标志着正常化、现代化和民主化时期开始。

  1985年,新的自治法通过,巴塞罗那大学恢复了第二共和国时期享有的自治权。

  在院系方面,地质学院于1985-1986年成立,Bellvitge校区的健康科学教学于1982年开始,涵盖护理学、医学、牙科和足部病学。Mundet 校区在90年代得到发展,课程涵盖教师培训、教育学和心理学。拉瓦尔区新教学楼于2006年开放,集中了这学院和地理与历史学院。


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