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学校名称: 加拿大约克大学(加拿大) University of York

所在位置:加拿大,Office of AdmissionsYork UniversityThe Bennett Centre for Student Services, 99 Ian MacDonald Bouleva






  Founded on principles of excellence, equality and opportunity for all, the University of York opened in 1963 with just 230 students. Since then we have become one of the world's leading universities, carving out a reputation as an academic powerhouse where a clear focus on excellence has secured national and international recognition alongside longer established institutions.To be a world leader in research.To offer outstanding teaching and learning.To offer all our students an outstanding and valuable experienceTo be sufficiently large to be excellent, resilient and financially sustainable.To be organised in the most efficient and effective way.To work effectively with other organisations and stakeholders



  Our History: The 1960s

  Fresh, young, forward looking and enthusiastic, the University of York was known for its friendly atmosphere before it even opened its doors.The informal tone was endorsed by Lord James of Rusholme, the Vice-Chancellor, who rubbed shoulders with staff and students, taking his meals with everyone else in the Heslington Hall dining room.Planning and building the University happened with astonishing speed. In April 1960 the Government approved the establishment and in less than three years, on 9 October 1963, the first students walked through the gates of Heslington Hall.At the start of term, the number of academic and administrative staff numbered just 28. There were 216 undergraduates and 14 postgraduate students.Third year students could elect to live in the brand new Langwith or Derwent Colleges. Study bedrooms were furnished with plain, heavily textured fabric and hessian and light wood furniture echoing the earnest but modern atmosphere.Social lifeIn such a small population, there was much socialising between staff and students. Everyone was on first name terms, remarked Ruth Ellison, Assistant Lecturer in English, "I had no idea whether I was meeting colleagues, staff, wives or students." "The place was so small that rugby players mixed with aesthetes," said former student Neil McIntosh.In the first week of term, a welcome reception for staff and students was held by the Friends of York Art Gallery hosted by Sir Herbert Read with many of the city's great and the good present. Later in the month, a service to commemorate the inauguration of the University was held in York Minster.The King's Manor was an important social centre, and staff and students gathered in the dim caverns of the Cellar Club which, with its rough brick walls, low vaulted ceilings and coloured lights built into the floor. The blues singer T-bone Walker was among those who played there.

  Early days:The community was youthful, keen and liberal-minded. Some of the young academics returned from the States, attracted by the alluring combination of old and new which York had. "The average age of the professors is only 40 and the accent is certainly on youth," commented the York and County Times.In its infancy, the University had a different flavour for each year of the first intake. During the first year all students lived in digs, bussing out to the University where Heslington Hall, the Stables and the New Building housed all the lectures, study and catering facilities.

  Building the campus:In the second year, serious building work in Heslington began and English, Education, History and Philosophy were moved to the restored medieval building of the King's Manor in the City. Only the Social Sciences remained to watch the new University rise from the marshes. Students returned to Heslington in their third year to find a university 'adrift in a sea of mud'.Aspects of the architecture that we now take for granted, like the covered walkways, were innovations in the 1960s. Eyebrows were raised at the 'CLASP' buildings and the lake was criticised as being an extravagant feature - although it was actually a necessary part of the construction to allow buildings on such marshy land.On a cold, foggy northern day the crowds turned out to cheer the Queen and Prince Philip, formally greeted by the Chancellor Lord Harewood. Her Majesty was impressed by Heslington Hall but 'did not like the new colleges.'

  In progress:Being a university city was a new experience for York. University Road was still under construction and the lane leading out of the village still meandered away into open countryside. Even Heslington Lane was then a rural road. To help bridge the gap between town and gown, Harry Ree, the first Professor of Educational Studies, persuaded local schools to take students as classroom assistants.In the nine years under Lord James' Vice-Chancellorship, the University was developed and built on schedule and by the end of the decade, five colleges, three laboratory-based buildings, Central Hall, the Library, the Sports Hall, Music Centre and the Jack Lyons Concert Hall had been completed.But behind the scenes Lord James was acutely anxious about money and the Government's 'stop start' attitude to funding. "The planning of the buildings let alone their erection on time, becomes almost impossible," he wrote, concerned that a preoccupation with finance would mean that we lose sight of the real aims of universities. Writing in November 1970 of the years to come, Lord James said "We shall be short of money, short of accommodation; short of staff."The 1960s ended with 2,500 undergraduate students, twelve times the original intake.






  在进行中:作为一所大学的城市,对约克来说是一种全新的体验。大学道路仍在建设中,通向村庄的那条小路仍在向开放的乡村蜿蜒而去。就连Heslington Lane也成为了一条乡村道路。为了帮助弥合城镇和长袍之间的差距,Harry Ree是第一个教育研究教授,他说服当地的学校把学生作为课堂助理。在詹姆士爵士的副校长任期的九年里,这所大学是按照计划发展和建造的,到十年结束时,最终建造了共五所学院、三所实验室大楼、中央大厅、图书馆、体育馆、音乐中心和杰克里昂音乐厅。但在幕后,詹姆斯勋爵对资金和政府对资金的停止启动态度极度焦虑。他写道:这些建筑的规划,更不用说它们在时间上的勃起了,这几乎是不可能的。他担心,对金融的关注将意味着我们忽视了大学真正的目标。詹姆斯勋爵在1970年11月写道:我们将缺钱、缺少员工。上世纪60年代结束时,共有2500名本科生是最初招生人数的12倍。

  Our History: The 1970s

  The 1970s was the decade in which college social life began to blossom.Central Hall was the venue for the Who, The Kinks, Fairport Convention, John Martyn, Ian Dury and the Blockheads, Hot Chocolate, Humphrey Littleton, Acker Bilk, Paul Tortelier, Julian Bream, John Williams and others.Paul McCartney and Linda appeared one day out of the blue with their new band "Wings" and performed a concert in Goodricke College Dining Room.


  上世纪70年代是大学社会生活开始开花的十年。中央大厅是世界卫生组织、金克斯、费尔波特会议、John Martyn、John Martyn和John Martyn、John Martyn、John Martyn、John Martyn、John Martyn、约翰威廉姆斯等人的场所。保罗麦卡特尼和琳达带着他们的新乐队翅膀出现了一天,并在Goodricke学院餐厅表演了一场音乐会。

  Our History: The 1980s

  The beginning of the 1980s was not propitious for the University. It was to see the start of cuts across higher education and a fire in the Chemistry Department.Staff were exhorted to make economies including turning down their thermostats, recycling, and making telephone calls as short as possible.The close of the decade with the introduction of the mixed grant and loan scheme was to lend more importance to the 'marketing' of the University. One innovation was the introduction of Open Days – both for student recruitment and for the local community to see how the University worked.Despite the harsh economic times, a number of academic departments were introduced and others developed rapidly, reflecting societal and technological change. New buildings began to appear including Computer Science in the centre of campus, and a courtyard of buildings near Music, now home to Environment and Philosophy respectively.

  Creative campus:The 1980s was the decade when some of the University's memorable sculptures were acquired.Many a "Yorkie" has fond memories of the Buddha, a gift from Elizabeth Cooper from the collection of her father, the late JB Morrell, which sits serenely now outside the Berrick Saul Building. The Dryad, by local sculptor Austin Wright, reclines alongside the yew tree topiary.In 1982, the Javanese Gamelan was purchased and has been enjoyed by music students and audiences ever since.

  Campus Folklore:The Boomtown Rats played in Central Hall, making a contribution to University folklore when Bob Geldof told everyone who could not see to come to the front of the auditorium.Nearly 300 people surged to the front and danced on the orchestra pit cover, causing over £1,000-worth of damage.

  History in the making:Staff from various quarters helped in setting up the now famous Jorvik Viking Museum with a dig beneath what is now the Coppergate shopping centre. As well as research contributions from the Environmental Archaeology Unit, sounds for the Museum were recorded in the new Electronic Music Studio.The University celebrated its silver Jubilee in 1988/89 with a programme of events including two concerts by Dame Janet Baker, a large reunion weekend, natural history walks, sports and a firework display.



  创造性的校园:20世纪80年代是大学里一些值得纪念的雕塑的年代。许多约克都有对佛的美好回忆,这是伊丽莎白库珀从她父亲的收藏中得到的一份礼物,已故的JB Morrell,现在正安详地坐在贝里克索尔建筑的外面。当地的雕塑家奥斯汀赖特的干旱冰与紫杉树的topiary一起。1982年,爪哇佳美兰被音乐学生和观众所喜爱,从此被音乐学生和观众所喜爱。校园民间传说在中央大厅里,新兴的老鼠们在中央大厅里扮演了一个重要的作用,当Bob Geldof告诉所有不能看到的人来到礼堂的前面时,他对大学的民间传说做出了贡献。近300人涌向前线,在乐队的坑盖上跳舞,造成了超过1000人的损失。


  Our History: The 1990s

  In 1990, the Vice-Chancellor, Berrick Saul, recounted to court that York had been described by a senior member of the Universities Funding Council as "a well-run university with a relatively low profile."What a difference a decade makes.By the end of the 1990s, York was dominating national league tables for research and teaching and was receiving international press coverage for achievement across the disciplines.Rapid growth,The decade was characterised by advancement and recognition. York remained a popular choice amongst prospective students growing from 4,300 to 8,500 students without compromising its high entry standards. As the Sunday Times pointed out, "elitism does not appear to be the price of excellence at York". York was one of only very few universities whose entry from state schools and colleges (around 80 per cent) was the same as the proportion of A-level students in the state system.

  The introduction of official quality assessments and the proliferation of newspaper league tables saw the University's stock rocket. After years of academic advancement, York began to get the recognition it deserved. National recognition attracted additional funding and investment. Research grants rose to over £20 million per annum, and the University enjoyed one of the highest incomes per researcher in the higher education sectorA competitive market,A relationship with industry was more actively courted, and the University began to develop a more entrepreneurial side to its character. The Science Park opened in 1991 with Smith & Nephew as its first tenant. Developed to enhance links between the University and commerce, it now houses a cluster of knowledge-led businesses and is known as a key national incubator of biotech and IT start-ups.Students' approach to education paralleled the University's move closer to industry. Faced with the introduction of tuition fees and loans, students increasingly began to see their education as an investment.A York education was still attractive for its rigour and opportunity for personal development, but students were concerned with their "employability" after graduation. The graduate job market became very competitive. The University responded with new flexible courses and the "York Award", focusing on transferable skills.


  1990年,副校长Berrick Saul向法庭表示,约克大学的一名高级成员被描述为一所运营良好的大学,并且很低调。10年的差别是什么。到20世纪90年代末,约克大学在全国的研究和教学排行榜上占据了主导地位,并获得了国际新闻媒体对各个学科的成就的报道。快速增长,这十年的特点是进步和认可。在未来的学生中,约克仍然是一个很受欢迎的选择,从4,300名学生到8500名学生,而不影响他们的高入学标准。正如星期日泰晤士报所指出的那样,精英主义似乎并不是纽约卓越的代价。约克是为数不多的几所大学之一,从公立学校和大学(大约80%)的学生进入州立大学的比例与公立学校的优级学生的比例相同。官方的质量评估报告和报纸排名的增加,都见证了大学的股票火箭。经过多年的学术进步,约克开始得到它应得的认可。国家认可吸引了更多的资金和投资。研究经费每年增长超过2000万美元,而这所大学是高等教育领域的人均收入最高的大学之一。一个竞争激烈的市场,与工业界的关系更积极地追求,大学也开始发展更具企业家精神的一面。科学园于1991年正式开放,史密斯和侄子是第一个租户。为了加强大学与商业之间的联系,它现在有了一群知识主导的企业,被称为是生物技术和初创企业的关键国家孵化器。学生的教育方式与大学的走向更接近工业。面对学费和贷款的引入,学生们越来越多地开始把他们的教育视为一种投资。纽约的教育对其个人发展的严格性和机遇仍然很有吸引力,但学生们对毕业后的就业能力感到担忧。毕业生就业市场变得非常有竞争力。该大学以灵活的课程和约克奖作为回应,重点是可转移的技能。

  Our History: The 2000s

  The new Millennium saw a sea-change in the way that Britain viewed higher education.Unprecedented student numbers in universities and strong investment, was coupled with increasing regulation, compliance issues and requirements to demonstrate societal and economic impact.Student debt, quality assurance, Freedom of Information and public scrutiny changed the way in which both academic departments and central support for the University’s mission operated.Upgrades,Technology also moved fast, with "YorkWeb" becoming a major marketing tool, the introduction of a Virtual Learning Environment, and new ways of communicating with students and stakeholders through SMS, Facebook and on-campus electronic screens. We installed wi-fi across campus, video-conferencing and a range of online services.Campus became more sophisticated, with en-suite accommodation, significantly upgraded catering, shops and better-equipped offices, teaching facilities and laboratories.In response to government prompting on interacting with the community, hundreds of students volunteered for York Students in Schools and Millennium Volunteers. The University became heavily involved in significant partnerships for a variety of projects - Science City York with the Council; Higher York with York's colleges; the Hull York Medical School with the University of Hull. The science park thrived.The two major policy initiatives for York in this time were the concerted effort to "internationalise" the University and its work, and the establishment of the extended campus at what became known as Heslington East.Internationally, we were founder members of the Worldwide Universities Network, a group of 19 research universities spread across the globe, which has tackled a range of ‘global challenges’ with its huge network of expertise. Strong relationships were developed with universities in China and the US, and we established The University of York in America. Our recruitment of international students rose rapidly, and York students began to participate in Study Abroad schemes.Heslington EastThe planning for Heslington East began in earnest in 2002 with the arrival of Brian Cantor as Vice-Chancellor. It took years of master-planning, liaison with interest groups, negotiations with land-owners and local communities, an 8-hour city planning meeting and a Public Inquiry to achieve the purchase of land and complex planning permissions for a site equal to the size of the original Heslington West campus. In 2009, the new Goodricke College opened as the first building on Heslington East.At the time of the 40th anniversary in 2003, we wrote about Heslington East: "it will be everything that the designers of the original campus hoped for - integrated, landscaped and traffic-free, with a large expanse of water, and a very eager populace."




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