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学校名称: 以色列希伯来大学






  The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is Israel's second oldest university, established in 1918, 30 years before the State of Israel. The Hebrew University has three campuses in Jerusalem and one in Rehovot.[2] The world's largest Jewish studies library is located on its Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus.The university has 5 affiliated teaching hospitals including the Hadassah Medical Center, 7 faculties, more than 100 research centers, and 315 academic departments. A third of all the doctoral candidates in Israel are studying at the Hebrew University.The first Board of Governors included Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Martin Buber, and Chaim Weizmann. Four of Israel's prime ministers are alumni of the Hebrew University. In the last decade, eight researchers and alumni of the University received the Nobel Prize, one was awarded the Fields Medal, and another the Turing Award.

  耶路撒冷希伯来大学成立于1918年,是是以色列国前30年第二大最古老的大学。希伯来大学在耶路撒冷有三个校区,其中的一个在Rehovot。世界上最大的犹太研究图书馆位于其Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram校园。大学有5个附属教学医院包括哈达沙医学中心、7个学院、100多个研究中心、315个学术部门。以色列所有博士生中有三分之一在希伯来大学读书。第一届理事会包括爱因斯坦、爱德华·弗洛伊德、马丁·布伯和魏斯曼。以色列四位总理是希伯来大学的校友。在过去的十年中,八位研究人员和大学校友获得了诺贝尔奖,其中一人获得了菲尔兹奖章,另外还获得了图灵奖。


  One of the visions of the Zionist movement was the establishment of a Jewish university in the Land of Israel. Founding a university was proposed as far back as 1884 in the Kattowitz (Katowice) conference of the Hovevei Zion society.The cornerstone for the university was laid on July 24, 1918. Seven years later, on April 1, 1925, the Hebrew University campus on Mount Scopus was opened at a gala ceremony attended by the leaders of the Jewish world, distinguished scholars and public figures, and British dignitaries, including the Earl of Balfour, Viscount Allenby and Sir Herbert Samuel. The University's first Chancellor was Judah Magnes.

  By 1947, the University had become a large research and teaching institution. Plans for a medical school were approved in May 1949, and in November 1949, a faculty of law was inaugurated. In 1952, it was announced that the agricultural institute founded by the University in 1940 would become a full-fledged faculty.During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, attacks were carried out against convoys moving between the Israeli-controlled section of Jerusalem and the University. The leader of the Arab forces in Jerusalem, Abdul Kader Husseini, threatened military action against the university Hadassah Hospital "if the Jews continued to use them as bases for attacks."After the Hadassah medical convoy massacre, in which 79 Jews, including doctors and nurses, were slaughtered, the Mount Scopus campus was cut off from Jerusalem.[6] British soldier Jack Churchill coordinated the evacuation of 700 Jewish doctors, students and patients from the hospital.When the Jordan government denied Israeli access to Mount Scopus, a new campus was built at Givat Ram in western Jerusalem and completed in 1958. In the interim, classes were held in 40 different buildings around the city.The Terra Santa building in Rehavia, rented from the Franciscan Custodians of the Latin Holy Places, was also used for this purpose.A few years later, together with the Hadassah Medical Organization, a medical science campus was built in the south-west Jerusalem neighborhood of Ein Kerem.

  By the beginning of 1967, the students numbered 12,500, spread among the two campuses in Jerusalem and the agricultural faculty in Rehovot. After the unification of Jerusalem, following the Six-Day War of June 1967, the University was able to return to Mount Scopus, which was rebuilt. In 1981 the construction work was completed, and Mount Scopus again became the main campus of the University.

  On July 31, 2002, a member of a terrorist cell detonated a bomb during lunch hour at the University's "Frank Sinatra" cafeteria when it was crowded with staff and students. Nine people — five Israelis, three Americans, and one dual French-American citizen — were murdered and more than 70 wounded. World leaders, including Kofi Annan, President Bush, and the President of the European Union issued statements of condemnation.The Hebrew University of Jerusalem has launched a marijuana research center in a bid to take a leading role in the burgeoning field. It will conduct and coordinate research on cannabis and its biological effects with an eye toward commercial applications."

  犹太复国运动的愿景之一是在以色列的土地上建立一所犹太大学。早在1884年,在卡托维茨会议上,建立了一所大学。这所大学于1918年7月24日正式奠基。7年后,1925年4月1日,在斯普斯山上的希伯来大学校园,在犹太世界的领导人、杰出的学者和公众人物、以及英国政要、包括巴尔四伯爵、Viscount Allenby和赫伯特塞缪尔爵士的出席仪式上,举行了盛大的庆祝仪式。大学的第一任校长是Judah Magnes。


  在1948年的阿以战争中,在以色列控制的耶路撒冷和大学之间的车队之间进行了袭击。在耶路撒冷的阿拉伯军队的领导人Abdul Kader Husseini威胁说,如果犹太人继续使用他们作为袭击的基地,就会对哈萨医院采取军事行动。在哈达萨医疗车队屠杀事件发生后,包括医生和护士在内的79名犹太人被屠杀,山德斯山校区被从耶路撒冷切断。英国士兵杰克丘吉尔协调了700名来自医院的犹太医生、学生和病人的撤离。当约旦政府拒绝以色列人进入Scopus山的时候,一个新的校园在西耶路撒冷的吉瓦特拉姆建造,并于1958年建成。在此期间,在城市周围40座不同的建筑物中举行了课程。从圣方济会的方济会守护人那里租来的重建圣塔,也被用于这个目的。几年后,与哈德萨医疗组织一起,医学科学校园在Ein Kerem的西南部耶路撒冷附近建立。


  2002年7月31日,一名恐怖分子的成员在学校的Frank Sinatra餐厅里引爆了一颗炸弹,当时学校里挤满了工作人员和学生。9人——5名以色列人,3名美国人,1名法国裔美国人——被杀害,70多人受伤。包括科菲安南、布什总统和欧盟主席在内的世界各国领导人都发表了谴责声明。耶路撒冷希伯来大学成立了一个大麻研究中心,希望在这个新兴的领域中发挥主导作用。它将对大麻及其生物学效应进行研究,并着眼于商业应用。



  Mount Scopus (Hebrew: Har HaTzofim הר הצופים), in the north-eastern part of Jerusalem, is home to the main campus, which contains the Faculties of Humanities, Social Sciences, Law, Jerusalem School of Business Administration, Baerwald School of Social Work, Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, Rothberg International School, and the Mandel Institute of Jewish Studies.The Rothberg International School features secular studies and Jewish/Israeli studies. Included for foreign students is also a mandatory Ulpan program for Hebrew language study which includes a mandatory course in Israeli culture and customs. All Rothberg Ulpan classes are taught by Israeli natives. However, many other classes at the Rothberg School are taught by Jewish immigrants to Israel.The land on Mt. Scopus was purchased before World War I from Sir John Gray-Hill, along with the Gray-Hill mansion.[13] The master plan for the university was designed by Patrick Geddes and his son-in-law, Frank Mears in December 1919. Only three buildings of this original design were built: The Wolfson National Library, the Mathematics Institute, and the Physics Institute.Housing for students at Hebrew University who live on Mount Scopus is located at the three dormitories located near the university. These are the Maiersdorf (מאירסדורף) dormitories, the Bronfman (ברונפמן) dormitories, and the Kfar HaStudentim (כפר הסטודנטים, the students' village).Nearby is the Nicanor Cave, an ancient cave which was planned to be a national pantheon.

  位于耶路撒冷东北部的斯科普斯山(希伯来文:哈哈兹宗)位于主校区,其中包含人文社会科学、法律、耶路撒冷工商管理学院、贝尔瓦尔德社会工作学院、哈里·杜鲁门提高和平研究所、罗斯伯格国际学校和曼德尔犹太研究所。罗斯堡国际学校的特色是世俗研究和犹太和以色列的研究。对于外国学生来说,这也是一个强制性的乌尔兰语希伯来语言学习计划,其中包括以色列文化和习俗的强制性课程。所有Rothberg Ulpan课程均由以色列当地人教授。然而,Rothberg学院的许多其他课程都是由以色列的犹太移民教导的。山上的土地 Scopus在第一次世界大战之前从约翰·格雷 - 希尔爵士以及灰山大厦购买。大学的总体规划是由帕特里克·格德德(Patrick Geddes)及其女,弗兰克·梅尔斯(Frank Mears)于1919年12月设计的,原始设计只有三座建筑:沃尔夫森国家图书馆,数学研究所和物理学研究所。希伯来大学住在斯科普斯山上的学生宿舍位于大学附近的三个宿舍。这些是Maiersdorf(מאירסדורף)宿舍,Bronfman(ברונפמן)宿舍和Kfar HaStudentim(כפרהסטודנטים,学生村)。附近是Nicanor Cave那是一个古老的洞穴,计划成为一个全国性的万神殿。


  Givat Ram campus:The Givat Ram campus (recently renamed after Edmond Safra) is the home of the Faculty of Science including the Einstein Institute of Mathematics; the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies, the Center for the Study of Rationality, as well as the National Library of Israel.

  Givat Ram校园:该吉瓦拉姆校区(最近改名后埃德蒙·萨弗拉)是科学研究所,包括学部的家庭数学研究所爱因斯坦。该以色列高级研究所是中心合理性的研究以及对以色列国家图书馆。

  Ein Kerem:The Faculties of Medicine and Dental Medicine and The Institute For Medical Research, Israel-Canada (IMRIC)[14] are located at the south-western Jerusalem Ein Kerem campus alongside the Hadassah-University Medical Center.

  Ein Kerem:医学和牙科医学和院系医学研究所,以色列,加拿大(IMRIC)位于西南部耶路撒冷艾因凯雷姆校园旁边的哈达萨-大学医学中心。

  Rehovot:Rehovot campus, Ariovitch Auditorium

  The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and the Environment[15] and the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine[16] are located in the city of Rehovot in the coastal plain. The Faculty was established in 1942 and the School of Veterinary Medicine opened in 1985. These are the only institutions of higher learning in Israel that offer both teaching and research programs in their respective fields. The Faculty is a member of the Euroleague for Life Sciences.

  Rehovot校园:位于沿海平原的Rehovot市的Robert H. Smith农业、食品与环境学院和Koret 兽医学院。该学院成立于1942年,1985年开设了兽医学院,这些是以色列唯一提供各自领域的教学和研究计划的高等教育机构。该学院是生命科学欧洲联盟的成员。


  The Jewish National and University Library is the central and largest library of the Hebrew University and one of the most impressive book and manuscript collections in the world. It is also the oldest section of the university. Founded in 1892 as a world center for the preservation of books relating to Jewish thought and culture, it assumed the additional functions of a general university library in 1920. Its collections of Hebraica and Judaica are the largest in the world. It houses all materials published in Israel, and attempts to acquire all materials published in the world related to the country. It possesses over five million books and thousands of items in special sections, many of which are unique. Among these are the Albert Einstein Archives, Hebrew manuscripts department, Eran Laor map collection, Edelstein science collection, Gershom Scholem collection, and a collection of Maimonides' manuscripts and early writings.In his Will, Albert Einstein left the Hebrew University his personal papers and the copyright to them. The Albert Einstein Archives contain some 55,000 items.[17] In March, 2012 the University announced that it had digitized the entire archive, and was planning to make it more accessible online. Included in the collection are his personal notes, love letters to various women, including the woman who would become his second wife, Elsa.In addition to the National Library, the Hebrew University operates subject-based libraries on its campuses, among them the Avraham Harman Science Library, Safra, Givat Ram; Mathematics and Computer Science Library, Safra, Givat Ram; Earth Sciences Library, Safra, Givat Ram; Muriel and Philip I. Berman National Medical Library, Ein Kerem; Central Library of Agricultural Science, Rehovot; Bloomfield Library for the Humanities and Social Sciences, Mt. Scopus; Bernard G. Segal Law Library Center, Mt. Scopus; Emery and Claire Yass Library of the Institute of Archaeology, Mt. Scopus; Moses Leavitt Library of Social Work, Mt. Scopus; Zalman Aranne Central Education Library, Mt. Scopus; Library of the Rothberg School for International Students, Mt. Scopus; Roberta and Stanley Bogen Library of the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, Mt. Scopus; and the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive.

  该犹太国家和大学图书馆是希伯来大学的中心和最大的图书馆,也是世界上最令人印象深刻的书和手稿收藏之一。它也是大学最古老的一部分。成立于1892年,是保存与犹太思想文化有关的书籍的世界中心1920年代普通大学图书馆承担了其他职能,其中Hebraica和Judaica的收藏是世界上最大的。它包含了在以色列出版的所有材料,并尝试获得与该国有关的世界上发表的所有材料。它拥有超过五百万本书和数以千计的专题,其中许多是独一无二的。其中包括阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦档案馆、希伯来文手稿部、Eran Laor地图集、Edelstein科学收藏、Gershom Scholem系列,以及Maimonides手稿和早期作品的收藏。在他的意志中,爱因斯坦爱因斯坦离开了希伯来大学他的个人文件和版权。阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦档案馆共有55,000件。2012年3月,大学宣布将整个档案数字化并计划使其在线更方便。收藏中包括他的个人笔记、包括将成为他的第二任妻子艾尔莎的女人各种妇女的信件。除了国家图书馆,希伯来大学还在其校园内设有主题图书馆,其中包括Avraham Harman科学图书馆Safra,Givat Ram、数学与计算机科学图书馆,Safra,Givat Ram、 地球科学图书馆,Safra,Givat Ram、Muriel和Philip I.Berman国家医学图书馆,Ein Kerem、 中央农业科学图书馆,Rehovot; 布鲁姆菲尔德人文社会科学图书馆 SCOPUS、伯纳德·塞格尔法律图书馆中心、考古学研究所的Emery和Claire Yass图书馆、摩西莱维特社会工作图书馆、扎尔曼阿兰娜中央教育图书馆、罗斯堡国际学生学院图书馆、罗伯塔和斯坦利·布根图书馆哈里·杜鲁门和平研究所和史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格犹太电影档案馆。


  Actors: Natalie Portman

  Nobel Prize laureates: Daniel Kahneman (economics 2002), David Gross (physics 2004), Avram Hershko (chemistry 2004), Aaron Ciechanover (chemistry 2004), Robert Aumann (economics 2005), Roger D. Kornberg (chemistry 2006), and Ada Yonath (chemistry 2009).

  Clergy: Malcolm Ranjith, Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Colombo, 2nd Sri Lankan to be made a cardinal, Patriarch Theophilos III of Jerusalem

  Educators: Brother Rafael S. Donato FSC, Ed.D., was a Filipino De La Salle Brother and was the past President of De La Salle University Manila, University of St. La Salle, De La Salle Lipa, La Salle Green Hills and De La Salle Araneta University.

  Fields Medal laureate: Elon Lindenstrauss (2010)

  Presidents of Israel: Ephraim Katzir, Yitzhak Navon, Moshe Katsav, Reuven Rivlin

  Prime Ministers of Israel: Ehud Barak, Ariel Sharon, Ehud Olmert

  Supreme Court Justices: Aharon Barak, Dorit Beinisch, Menachem Elon, Elyakim Rubinstein, Meir Shamgar, Jacob Turkel, Yitzhak Zamir, Salim Joubran, Uri Shoham

  Members of the Knesset: Colette Avital, Yael Dayan, Taleb el-Sana, Dalia Itzik, Roman Bronfman, David Rotem, Ahmed Tibi, Avigdor Lieberman, Dov Khenin, Danny Danon, Shulamit Aloni, Rachel Adato, Ze'ev Elkin, Roni Bar-On, Ze'ev Bielski, Yohanan Plesner, David Rotem, Yuval Steinitz, Dan Meridor, Yisrael Katz, Jamal Zahalka, Shai Hermesh, Zvulun Orlev, Taleb el-Sana, Menachem Ben-Sasson, Ya'akov Ne'eman, Geulah Cohen, Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit

  Judges: Elisheva Barak-Ussoskin

  Foreign service: Naomi Ben-Ami, Gabriela Shalev

  Sports and culture: Shaul Ladany, Yochanan Vollach, Itzik Kornfein, Adin Talbar

  Culture: Natalie Portman, Uri Zohar

  Archaeologists: Ruth Amiran, Trude Dothan, Aren Maeir, Benjamin Mazar, Amihai Mazar, Eilat Mazar, Yigael Yadin

  Anthropologist: Eliane Karp

  Activists: Dorit Reiss, Elie Yossef

  Journalists: Khaled Abu Toameh, Ron Ben-Yishai, Nahum Barnea, Zvi Yehezkeli, Sayed Kashua, Amira Hass, Akiva Eldar, Yossi Melman, Meron Benvenisti, Tom Segev, Haviv Rettig, Dan Margalit, Ya'akov Ahimeir, Michael Bar-Zohar, David Witzthum, Haim Gouri, Ehud Yaari, Amos Kenan, Boaz Evron

  Writers: Yehuda Amichai, Galila Ron-Feder Amit, Aharon Appelfeld, Netiva Ben-Yehuda, Elias Chacour, Yael Dayan, David Grossman, Batya Gur, Shifra Horn, Amos Oz, A. B. Yehoshua, Amnon Jackont, Amalia Kahana-Carmon, Yehoshua Kenaz, Miriam Roth, Anton Shammas, Gideon Telpaz, Natan Yonatan, Helen Epstein, Amir Segal, Yuval Elizur, Jonah Frankel.

  Academics: Ahron Bregman, Richard I. Cohen, Uri Davis, Gerson Goldhaber, Igal Talmi, Haim Harari, Joshua Jortner, Alexander Levitzki, Efraim Karsh, Asa Kasher, Walter Laqueur, Avishai Margalit, Dana Olmert, Neri Oxman, Dana Pe'er, Miri Rubin, Saul Lieberman, Ada Yonath, Eli Salzberger, Amit Schejter, Benjamin Elazari Volcani, Emanuel Adler

  Lawyers: Yoram Dinstein, Elias Khoury, Menachem Mazuz, Ya'akov Ne'eman, Dorit Reiss, Malcolm Shaw

  Soldiers: Yonatan "Yoni" Netanyahu, Yishai Beer, Uzi Dayan, Yuval Neria

  Theologians: Fr Malachi Martin, Yigal Arnon

  Physicists: David Gross, Igal Talmi, Haim Harari, Amikam Aharoni, Micha Tomkiewicz

  Chemists: Adam Heller, Renata Reisfeld

  Business: Léo Apotheker (former CEO of Hewlett-Packard and SAP), Orit Gadiesh (Chairman of Bain & Company), Dina Dublon (Board member of Microsoft, Accenture and PepsiCo), Maxine Fassberg (former CEO of Intel Israel), Gil Shwed (CEO and chairman Check Point Software Technologies), Eli Hurvitz (CEO 1976–2002 Teva Pharmaceuticals), Kobi Alexander (former CEO and founder of Comverse Technology)

  Mathematicians: Rami Grossberg (1986), Joram Lindenstrauss (1962), Moshe Machover (1962), Saharon Shelah (1969), Oded Schramm (1987)

  Astronomers: David H. Levy

  Botanists: Alexander Eig

  Scientists: Sarah Spiegel (1974)


  诺贝尔奖获得者:Daniel Kahneman(经济学2002),David Gross(物理2004),Avram Hershko(化学2004),Aaron Ciechanover(化学2004),Robert Aumann(经济学2005),Roger D.Kornberg(化学2006)和Ada Yonath(化学2009)。


  教育家:Rafael S. Donato兄弟FSC,Ed.D. ,是菲律宾 德拉萨兄弟,是过去总统德拉萨大学马尼拉,圣喇沙大学,德拉萨利帕,喇沙绿山和德拉萨大学阿拉内塔。

  奖牌获奖者:Elon Lindenstrauss(2010)


  以色列总理:Ehud Barak,Ariel Sharon,Ehud Olmert


  议会议员:Colette Avital,Yael Dayan,Taleb el-Sana,Dalia Itzik,Roman Bronfman,David Rotem,Ahmed Tibi,Avigdor Lieberman,Dov Khenin,Danny Danon,Shulamit Aloni,Rachel Adato,Ze'ev Elkin,Roni Bar - 恩,Ze'ev Bielski,Yohanan Plesner,David Rotem,Yuval Steinitz,Dan Meridor,Yisrael Katz,Jamal Zahalka,Shai Hermesh,Zvulun Orlev,Taleb el-Sana,Menachem Ben-Sasson,Ya'akov Ne'eman,Geulah Cohen,Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit

  法官:Elisheva Barak-Ussoskin

  外交人员:Naomi Ben-Ami,Gabriela Shalev


  文化:Natalie Portman,Uri Zohar

  考古学家:露丝·阿米兰,特朗·多森,阿里· 马耶尔,本杰明马扎尔,阿米海马扎尔,埃拉特·马扎尔,伊格尔·雅丁

  人类学家:Eliane Karp

  活动家:Dorit Reiss,Elie Yossef

  记者:Khaled Abu Toameh,Ron Ben-Yishai,Nahum Barnea,Zvi Yehezkeli,Sayed Kashua,Amira Hass,Akiva Eldar,Yossi Melman,Meron Benvenisti,Tom Segev,Haviv Rettig,Dan Margalit,Ya'akov Ahimeir,Michael Bar-Zohar,戴维·威茨萨姆,海姆·古里,埃德·亚里,阿莫斯·肯南,博阿兹·埃弗龙

  作家:Yehuda Amichai,Galila Ron-Feder Amit,Aharon Appelfeld,Netiva Ben-Yehuda,Elias Chacour,Yael Dayan,David Grossman,Batya Gur,Shifra Horn,Amos Oz,AB Yehoshua,Amnon Jackont,Amalia Kahana-Carmon,Yehoshua Kenaz,Miriam Roth,Anton Shammas,Gideon Telpaz,Natan Yonatan,Helen Epstein,Amir Segal,Yuval Elizur,Jonah Frankel。

  学者:Ahron Bregman,Richard I. Cohen,Uri Davis,Gerson Goldhaber,Igal Talmi,Haim Harari,Joshua Jortner,Alexander Levitzki,Efraim Karsh,Asa Kasher,Walter Laqueur,Avishai Margalit,Dana Olmert,Neri Oxman,Dana Pe'er,Miri Rubin,Saul Lieberman,Ada Yonath,Eli Salzberger,Amit Schejter,本杰明·埃拉萨里·沃尔卡尼,伊曼纽尔·阿德勒


  士兵:YonatanYoni内塔尼亚胡,义沙啤酒,Uzi达扬,Yuval Neria


  物理学家:David Gross,Igal Talmi,Haim Harari,Amikam Aharoni,Micha Tomkiewicz

  化学家:Adam Heller,Renata Reisfeld

  业务:LéoApotheker(Hewlett-Packard和SAP的前首席执行官),Orit Gadiesh(贝恩公司主席),Dina Dublon(微软,埃森哲和百事可乐董事会成员),Maxine Fassberg(英特尔以色列前首席执行官),Gil Shwed(CEO和董事会Check Point软件技术公司),Eli Hurvitz(首席执行官1976-2002 Teva Pharmaceuticals),Kobi Alexander(前首席执行官兼Comverse Technology创始人)

  数学家:Rami Grossberg(1986),Joram Lindenstrauss(1962),Moshe Machover(1962),Saharon Shelah(1969),Oded Schramm(1987)

  天文学家:David H. Levy


  科学家:Sarah Spiegel(1974)






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