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2018年日本留学实用申请指南

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2017-11-21 18:56

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【 liuxue86.com - 教育体系 】

  现如今许多中国学生选择去日本继续深造,不仅是因为日本高水平的小学水平也由于近几年考取日本大学的方式更加多样化,接下来跟着出国留学网了解下2018年日本留学实用申请指南吧。

  Considering studying in Japan? Read our guide to find out everything you need to know about Japanese universities and student life, and what steps to take next.Known for making things smaller, faster and first, Japan was until recently the second-largest economy in the world (it’s now third, behind the US and China). Its economic strength is at least partly due to the strong research and development industry that underlies successful international brands such as Nissan, Toyota, Panasonic, Canon and Sony – as well as producing robots for every need imaginable. Unsurprisingly, an excellent higher education system lies behind all this innovation.Click on the tabs below for information about top universities in Japan, student cities, applications, costs and more.

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  如果你正好在考虑去日本学习? 那么你可以阅读出国留学网为您总结的指南,了解您需要了解的关于日本大学和学生生活的所有信息以及下一步要采取的措施。日本以更小、更快和更先进的方式而闻名,直到最近才成为世界第二大经济体(现在仅次于美国和中国的第三大经济体)。其经济实力至少部分归功于日产的丰田、松下、佳能和索尼等成功国际品牌的强大研发行业以及为每一个可想象的需求生产机器人。不出所料,所有这些创新背后都有一个优秀的高等教育体系。接下来出国留学网的小编为您翻译了日本顶尖大学、学生城市、申请、费用等相关信息,希望对您能够有所帮助。

  一、日本有哪些顶尖大学?

  If you fancy studying in Japan, the homeland of the bullet train, Nintendo Wii, instant noodles and karaoke, you’ll be pleased to know Japan wants you too.The government is keen to attract more international students, and has set a target of having 300,000 foreign students in the country by 2020 (it reached the 100,000 mark in 2003). As a result, universities are focusing on making life easier for foreign students, from the application process all the way through to finding a job after graduation.One thing that will certainly help to attract international students is the introduction of more courses taught partly or entirely in English. Other schemes to attract more overseas students include:Hiring special staff to support international students.Allowing students to start courses in September (instead of April, which is when Japan’s academic year usually starts)Recruiting more teaching staff from outside Japan.Increasing exchange programs with universities in other countries

  Aware that living and studying in Japan is expensive compared to many countries, the government has also introduced additional financial support for foreign students. Various university scholarships and grants are available through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO).There are approximately 780 universities in Japan, of which about 80% are private. There are also specialized schools and colleges that provide more vocational types of degree.The nation’s strongest global ranking is currently claimed by the University of Tokyo, which ranks joint 28th in the QS World University Rankings® 2018, up six places from the previous year. Close behind are Kyoto University (joint 36th) and Tokyo Institute of Technology (56th), with a further 40 Japanese universities ranked among the world’s best.

  如果你喜欢在日本学习,那很有可能你对子弹头列车、任天堂Wii、速食面和卡拉ok都会很有兴趣,你会很高兴知道其实日本也想要你。政府热切希望吸引更多的国际学生,并设定了2020年外国留学生人数达到30万的目标(2003年达到了10万)。因此,大学专注于让外国学生的生活更容易,从申请过程一直到毕业后找工作。有一件事肯定会有助于吸引国际学生,那就是引入更多的课程,部分或全部用英语授课。其他吸引海外学生的计划包括:

  雇佣特别的员工来教授国际学生课程

  允许学生在9月开始上课(而不是4月,那是日本的学年通常开始的时候)

  从国外招聘更多的教学人员

  增加与其他国家大学的交流项目

  日本已经意识到在日本生活和学习与许多国家相比是昂贵的,政府还为外国学生提供了额外的资金支持。通过教育部、文化、体育、科技(梅克斯)和日本学生服务组织提供各种大学奖学金和助学金。日本大约有780所大学,其中80%为私立大学。也有专门的学校和学院提供更多的职业类型的学位。这个国家最强大的全球排名目前由东京大学声称,在2018年QS世界大学排行榜中排名第28名,比前一年上升了六个榜位。紧随其后的是京都大学(第36名)和东京理工学院(第56名),另外还有40所日本大学名列世界前茅。比前一年。紧随其后的是京都大学(第37位)和东京理工学院(第56名),另有36所日本大学在世界上名列前茅。

  1.东京大学University of Tokyo

  The University of Tokyo, or Todai, continues to be Japan’s highest entrant in the overall world rankings, and has a very strong global reputation across a wide range of disciplines. Featured in 39 out of 46 subjects in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, the University of Tokyo performs very well, ranked among the global top 100 for every one of these subjects. Most impressively, it appears in the world's top 10 for modern languages, physics and astronomy, pharmacy, chemistry, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering.

  东京大学或者简称东大,在全球排名中仍是日本的最高学府,在全球范围内都有很强的声誉。东京大学在2017年QS世界大学的排名中,46个科目中有39个科目表现得很好,在全球排名前100的学科中排名第一。最令人印象深刻的是,它在现代语言、物理和天文学、药剂学、化学、机械工程和化学工程领域的世界排名前十。

  2.京都大学Kyoto University

  Based in Japan’s old capital city of Kyoto, Kyoto University is the second highest-ranked university in the country, up one place to rank joint 36th. It also has a strong presence in the QS World University Rankings by Subject, featuring among the world’s best in 35 of the 46 subjects covered in 2017. Of these, it ranks within the world's top 50 for 18 subjects, including biological sciences, several branches of engineering, materials sciences, modern languages and physics & astronomy.

  京都大学位于日本古老的首都京都,是全国排名第二的大学,排名第36位。它在QS世界大学排名中也有很强的影响力,在2017年的46个科目中,有35个是世界上最好的。其中包括生物科学、工程、材料科学、现代语言、物理学和天文学等18门学科的世界排名前50名。

  3.大阪大学Osaka University

  Located in the third most populous city in Japan, Osaka University, also known as Handai, is ranked 63rd in the latest QS World University Rankings. It holds a strong reputation across a number of research fields, featuring among the world’s best for 29 subjects in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, featuring in the global top 50 for chemistry, biological sciences, chemical engineering, physics and astronomy, dentistry and materials sciences.

  位于日本第三大人口城市的大阪大学,也被称为人工智能,在最新的QS世界大学排名中排名第63位。它在许多研究领域享有很高的声誉,在QS世界大学和世界大学的排名中,有29个学科在2017年的排名中名列前茅,在全球排名前50的学科中,化学、生物科学、化学工程、物理学和天文学、牙科和材料科学等学科都名列前茅。

  二、日本适合留学的城市有哪些?

  1.东京

  Mention Tokyo and most people probably picture neon signs, congested traffic and, well, more neon signs. But there’s more to Japan’s capital than bright lights – though it certainly has lots of those. Away from the main highways and the non-stop turnover of new gadgets in Akihabara (electric town), there are more tranquil pleasures to be enjoyed: shrines and temples, traditional gardens and teahouses, noodle bars and fresh sushi.There are also hundreds of colleges and universities in Tokyo, including Japan’s highest-ranked institution, the University of Tokyo, currently joint 28th in the QS World University Rankings. The city is also home to Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan’s third highest-ranked university at 56thDespite being ranked among the world's most expensive cities in the annual Mercer Cost of Living Survey, Tokyo does not have to be ridiculously bank-breaking. That is, as long as you avoid using taxis, eating out at Aragawa (one of the world’s priciest restaurants) or spending too much time in the famous game arcades.

  提到东京,大多数人可能会第一时间想到霓虹灯、拥挤的交通、还有更多的霓虹灯招牌。但日本的首都比明亮的灯光更重要——尽管它确实有很多。远离主要高速公路和秋叶原(电力城)的新设备的不间断周转,有更多的宁静乐趣:神龛和寺庙,传统的花园和茶馆,面条酒吧和新鲜的寿司。在东京,也有数百所学院和大学,包括日本排名最高的机构——东京大学,目前在QS世界大学排名中并列第28位。东京也是东京理工大学的所在地,该学院是日本排名第三的大学,排名第56名,尽管在全球最昂贵的城市生活成本调查中排名第一,但东京并不一定要令人可笑的银行崩溃。也就是说,只要你避免使用出租车,在Aragawa(世界上最昂贵的餐馆之一)外出就餐,或者在著名的游戏厅花费太多时间。

  2.京都

  Known as Japan’s cultural capital, Kyoto is home to 17 UNESCO World Heritage sites and is top of the list for many students looking to explore Japan’s rich history – but that’s not to stay it’s stuck in the past. Today, the city’s historical sites are surrounded by thriving industry and business, as well as a year-round program of festivals and cultural events.Kyoto University is Japan’s second oldest university, and its second highest-ranked, at joint 36th in the current QS World University Rankings. Kyoto Institute of Technology is also highly esteemed, and there are more than 30 colleges and universities in Kyoto to choose from in all. Even if you don’t pick a university in Kyoto, it’s still definitely a must-see place during your time in Japan.

  作为日本的文化之都,京都是17个联合国教科文组织世界遗产的所在地,也是许多想要探索日本丰富历史的学生的首选,但这并不是为了让它停留在过去。今天,这座城市的历史遗迹被繁荣的工业和商业和全年的节日和文化活动所包围。京都大学是日本第二大最古老的大学,也是排名第二的大学,在目前的QS世界大学排名中排名第36位。京都理工学院也非常受人尊敬,京都有30多所高校。即使你在京都没有选择一所大学,在你的日本时间里,它仍然是一个必看的地方。

  3.大阪

  As far back as historical records go, Osaka has been a place of meetings and exchanges – an international gateway for trade, politics and knowledge. Today, Osaka remains a key economic and cultural hub, with a large and diverse population and an economy bigger than some entire countries. Culture-rich Kyoto is only about 40km away, but Osaka itself is not short on art exhibitions, live music or drama, as well as being known for its excellent and varied cuisine. Universities in Osaka also hold their own, with Osaka University ranked 63rd in the QS World University Rankings.

  就历史记录而言,大阪一直是一个会议和交流的场所,这一个国际贸易、政治和知识的门户。今天,大阪仍然是一个重要的经济和文化中心、人口众多、经济规模比整个国家都大。文化丰富的京都只有约40公里的距离,但大阪本身并不缺少艺术展览、现场音乐或戏剧,同时也因其出色而多样的美食而闻名。大阪大学也有自己的大学,大阪大学在QS世界大学排名中排名第63位。

  三、申请及签证等事宜

  1.日本大学申请事宜

  Rather than submitting a GPA (grade point average) or other assessment grades, students applying to universities in Japan are required to take entrance examinations. The ‘Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU)’ is the standardized test for foreign students, designed to test basic academic skill in areas of science, mathematics and ‘Japan and the world’. Some 95% of national universities, 65% of public universities and 44% of private institutions require the EJU for entrance.Many universities also require incoming students to take an additional examination. Although the EJU can be completed at test centers across Asia, prospective students must often travel to Japan to take these institution-specific tests. Fees for the tests range between ¥6,960 and ¥12,920 (US$57-$107) and test-takers have just one chance to pass each academic year.In addition to the entrance examinations, applicants are likely to be asked to provide a completed application form, academic transcripts, proof of sufficient finances to cover tuition fees, academic references, a valid passport and a couple of passport-sized photographs.

  在日本,申请大学的学生不需要提交平均成绩(GPA)或其他评估成绩,而是需要参加入学考试。日本大学国际学生入学考试是对外国学生的标准化考试,旨在测试科学、数学、日本和世界的基本学术技能。大约95%的国立大学、65%的公立大学和44%的私立学校要求EJU入学。许多大学还要求新生接受额外的考试。虽然EJU可以在亚洲各地的考试中心完成,但未来的学生必须经常去日本参加这些机构特有的考试。费用之间的测试范围¥960和¥12920(57美元- 107美元),考生每一个学年只有一个机会通过。除了入学考试之外,申请人还可能被要求提供完整的申请表格、学术成绩单、足够的财务证明,包括学费、学术参考、有效护照和护照大小的照片。

  2.日本签证事宜

  International students intending to study for more than three months in Japan will need to apply for a student visa. To do this, you should first obtain a Certificate of Eligibility, which will be applied for on your behalf by the Japanese institution you have been accepted by. Once this has been issued, you will need to apply for your visa through your local Japanese embassy or consulate. As well as the original certificate of eligibility (and an additional photocopy), you will also need to provide a valid passport, a completed application form and a recent passport-sized photograph.

  打算在日本学习超过3个月的国际学生需要申请学生签证。为了可以顺利的申请到签证,你应该首先获得资格证书,这将被日本机构为你所接受的机构申请。一旦你的签证被签发,你将需要通过当地的日本大使馆或领事馆申请签证。除了最初的资格证书(还有额外的复印件),你还需要提供有效的护照、完整的申请表格和最近一张护照大小的照片。如果你想在学习期间在日本工作,你需要获得允许从事其他活动的许可,而不是以前被授予的居留身份,你可以在到达日本后在移民局申请。一般来说,这个许可可以让你在法定假日期间每周工作28小时,每天工作8小时。

  3.就读费用

  Tuition fees in Japan, although some of the most expensive in Asia, still look very appealing in comparison to Western countries such as the UK or the US. Typically, you can expect to pay between ¥500,000 and ¥1,000,000 (US$4,140-8,280) annually – but don’t make the mistake of assuming the highest rates are charged by the highest-ranked institutions. For instance, Japan’s top two universities in the QS World University Rankings – the University of Tokyo and Osaka University – charge annual tuition fees of ¥535,800 per year (US$4,440) for most programs at undergraduate and master’s level, plus an additional ¥282,000 (US$2,330) for the ‘admission fee’. There is also an additional yearly charge of ¥17,000-¥30,000 (US$140-$250) for examination fees.

  与英国或美国等西方国家相比,日本的学费虽然在亚洲最贵,但仍显得非常吸引人。通常情况下,你可以预期支付¥500000之间每年¥1000000(相当于4140 - 8280美元),但不要错误地认为利率收取的最高排名最高的机构。例如,日本在QS世界大学排行榜中,排名最靠前的两所大学,东京和大阪大学的每年收取年学费¥535800(4440美元)对大多数项目在本科和硕士水平,加上额外的¥282000(合2330美元)的入学费用。每年还有一个额外的¥17000 -¥30000(合140 - 250美元)的考试费用。居住在日本的平均成本是每月¥88000(合740美元)。毫不奇怪,东京是日本最昂贵的居住地。在这里,日本学生服务组织(的看法)建议的预算大约每月¥103000(860美元)支付租金,食物、保险、娱乐和其他生活费用。

  由于日本雄心勃勃的改革,国际学生现在比以往任何时候都有更多的机会获得资金。由于国际学生的比例远远低于CIEE所规定的目标,有一系列的政府奖学金、赠款和贷款计划向杰出的国际申请者开放。日本政府奖学金是一个这样的计划,学生们需要从他们的大学或当地日本大使馆得到推荐。另一个政府倡议是全球30项目,它不仅为学生提供更多的英语学习选择,而且还提供资金支持和签证建议。有关获得资金的更多信息,请查阅JASSO在日本的门户网站上提供的信息,或者搜索日本研究支持(JPSS)提供的在线奖学金数据库。或者,联系你选择的大学的招生部门或者你所在国家的日本大使馆或领事馆。

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  推荐阅读:

  日本本科留学DIY流程

  日本留学本科申请详细流程

  日本留学各阶段学费最全解析

  

  



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