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2017-11-21 18:56


【 liuxue86.com - 教育体系 】


  Considering studying in Japan? Read our guide to find out everything you need to know about Japanese universities and student life, and what steps to take next.Known for making things smaller, faster and first, Japan was until recently the second-largest economy in the world (it’s now third, behind the US and China). Its economic strength is at least partly due to the strong research and development industry that underlies successful international brands such as Nissan, Toyota, Panasonic, Canon and Sony – as well as producing robots for every need imaginable. Unsurprisingly, an excellent higher education system lies behind all this innovation.Click on the tabs below for information about top universities in Japan, student cities, applications, costs and more.


  如果你正好在考虑去日本学习? 那么你可以阅读出国留学网为您总结的指南,了解您需要了解的关于日本大学和学生生活的所有信息以及下一步要采取的措施。日本以更小、更快和更先进的方式而闻名,直到最近才成为世界第二大经济体(现在仅次于美国和中国的第三大经济体)。其经济实力至少部分归功于日产的丰田、松下、佳能和索尼等成功国际品牌的强大研发行业以及为每一个可想象的需求生产机器人。不出所料,所有这些创新背后都有一个优秀的高等教育体系。接下来出国留学网的小编为您翻译了日本顶尖大学、学生城市、申请、费用等相关信息,希望对您能够有所帮助。


  If you fancy studying in Japan, the homeland of the bullet train, Nintendo Wii, instant noodles and karaoke, you’ll be pleased to know Japan wants you too.The government is keen to attract more international students, and has set a target of having 300,000 foreign students in the country by 2020 (it reached the 100,000 mark in 2003). As a result, universities are focusing on making life easier for foreign students, from the application process all the way through to finding a job after graduation.One thing that will certainly help to attract international students is the introduction of more courses taught partly or entirely in English. Other schemes to attract more overseas students include:Hiring special staff to support international students.Allowing students to start courses in September (instead of April, which is when Japan’s academic year usually starts)Recruiting more teaching staff from outside Japan.Increasing exchange programs with universities in other countries

  Aware that living and studying in Japan is expensive compared to many countries, the government has also introduced additional financial support for foreign students. Various university scholarships and grants are available through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and the Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO).There are approximately 780 universities in Japan, of which about 80% are private. There are also specialized schools and colleges that provide more vocational types of degree.The nation’s strongest global ranking is currently claimed by the University of Tokyo, which ranks joint 28th in the QS World University Rankings® 2018, up six places from the previous year. Close behind are Kyoto University (joint 36th) and Tokyo Institute of Technology (56th), with a further 40 Japanese universities ranked among the world’s best.







  1.东京大学University of Tokyo

  The University of Tokyo, or Todai, continues to be Japan’s highest entrant in the overall world rankings, and has a very strong global reputation across a wide range of disciplines. Featured in 39 out of 46 subjects in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, the University of Tokyo performs very well, ranked among the global top 100 for every one of these subjects. Most impressively, it appears in the world's top 10 for modern languages, physics and astronomy, pharmacy, chemistry, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering.


  2.京都大学Kyoto University

  Based in Japan’s old capital city of Kyoto, Kyoto University is the second highest-ranked university in the country, up one place to rank joint 36th. It also has a strong presence in the QS World University Rankings by Subject, featuring among the world’s best in 35 of the 46 subjects covered in 2017. Of these, it ranks within the world's top 50 for 18 subjects, including biological sciences, several branches of engineering, materials sciences, modern languages and physics & astronomy.


  3.大阪大学Osaka University

  Located in the third most populous city in Japan, Osaka University, also known as Handai, is ranked 63rd in the latest QS World University Rankings. It holds a strong reputation across a number of research fields, featuring among the world’s best for 29 subjects in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, featuring in the global top 50 for chemistry, biological sciences, chemical engineering, physics and astronomy, dentistry and materials sciences.




  Mention Tokyo and most people probably picture neon signs, congested traffic and, well, more neon signs. But there’s more to Japan’s capital than bright lights – though it certainly has lots of those. Away from the main highways and the non-stop turnover of new gadgets in Akihabara (electric town), there are more tranquil pleasures to be enjoyed: shrines and temples, traditional gardens and teahouses, noodle bars and fresh sushi.There are also hundreds of colleges and universities in Tokyo, including Japan’s highest-ranked institution, the University of Tokyo, currently joint 28th in the QS World University Rankings. The city is also home to Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan’s third highest-ranked university at 56thDespite being ranked among the world's most expensive cities in the annual Mercer Cost of Living Survey, Tokyo does not have to be ridiculously bank-breaking. That is, as long as you avoid using taxis, eating out at Aragawa (one of the world’s priciest restaurants) or spending too much time in the famous game arcades.



  Known as Japan’s cultural capital, Kyoto is home to 17 UNESCO World Heritage sites and is top of the list for many students looking to explore Japan’s rich history – but that’s not to stay it’s stuck in the past. Today, the city’s historical sites are surrounded by thriving industry and business, as well as a year-round program of festivals and cultural events.Kyoto University is Japan’s second oldest university, and its second highest-ranked, at joint 36th in the current QS World University Rankings. Kyoto Institute of Technology is also highly esteemed, and there are more than 30 colleges and universities in Kyoto to choose from in all. Even if you don’t pick a university in Kyoto, it’s still definitely a must-see place during your time in Japan.



  As far back as historical records go, Osaka has been a place of meetings and exchanges – an international gateway for trade, politics and knowledge. Today, Osaka remains a key economic and cultural hub, with a large and diverse population and an economy bigger than some entire countries. Culture-rich Kyoto is only about 40km away, but Osaka itself is not short on art exhibitions, live music or drama, as well as being known for its excellent and varied cuisine. Universities in Osaka also hold their own, with Osaka University ranked 63rd in the QS World University Rankings.




  Rather than submitting a GPA (grade point average) or other assessment grades, students applying to universities in Japan are required to take entrance examinations. The ‘Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU)’ is the standardized test for foreign students, designed to test basic academic skill in areas of science, mathematics and ‘Japan and the world’. Some 95% of national universities, 65% of public universities and 44% of private institutions require the EJU for entrance.Many universities also require incoming students to take an additional examination. Although the EJU can be completed at test centers across Asia, prospective students must often travel to Japan to take these institution-specific tests. Fees for the tests range between ¥6,960 and ¥12,920 (US$57-$107) and test-takers have just one chance to pass each academic year.In addition to the entrance examinations, applicants are likely to be asked to provide a completed application form, academic transcripts, proof of sufficient finances to cover tuition fees, academic references, a valid passport and a couple of passport-sized photographs.

  在日本,申请大学的学生不需要提交平均成绩(GPA)或其他评估成绩,而是需要参加入学考试。日本大学国际学生入学考试是对外国学生的标准化考试,旨在测试科学、数学、日本和世界的基本学术技能。大约95%的国立大学、65%的公立大学和44%的私立学校要求EJU入学。许多大学还要求新生接受额外的考试。虽然EJU可以在亚洲各地的考试中心完成,但未来的学生必须经常去日本参加这些机构特有的考试。费用之间的测试范围¥960和¥12920(57美元- 107美元),考生每一个学年只有一个机会通过。除了入学考试之外,申请人还可能被要求提供完整的申请表格、学术成绩单、足够的财务证明,包括学费、学术参考、有效护照和护照大小的照片。


  International students intending to study for more than three months in Japan will need to apply for a student visa. To do this, you should first obtain a Certificate of Eligibility, which will be applied for on your behalf by the Japanese institution you have been accepted by. Once this has been issued, you will need to apply for your visa through your local Japanese embassy or consulate. As well as the original certificate of eligibility (and an additional photocopy), you will also need to provide a valid passport, a completed application form and a recent passport-sized photograph.



  Tuition fees in Japan, although some of the most expensive in Asia, still look very appealing in comparison to Western countries such as the UK or the US. Typically, you can expect to pay between ¥500,000 and ¥1,000,000 (US$4,140-8,280) annually – but don’t make the mistake of assuming the highest rates are charged by the highest-ranked institutions. For instance, Japan’s top two universities in the QS World University Rankings – the University of Tokyo and Osaka University – charge annual tuition fees of ¥535,800 per year (US$4,440) for most programs at undergraduate and master’s level, plus an additional ¥282,000 (US$2,330) for the ‘admission fee’. There is also an additional yearly charge of ¥17,000-¥30,000 (US$140-$250) for examination fees.

  与英国或美国等西方国家相比,日本的学费虽然在亚洲最贵,但仍显得非常吸引人。通常情况下,你可以预期支付¥500000之间每年¥1000000(相当于4140 - 8280美元),但不要错误地认为利率收取的最高排名最高的机构。例如,日本在QS世界大学排行榜中,排名最靠前的两所大学,东京和大阪大学的每年收取年学费¥535800(4440美元)对大多数项目在本科和硕士水平,加上额外的¥282000(合2330美元)的入学费用。每年还有一个额外的¥17000 -¥30000(合140 - 250美元)的考试费用。居住在日本的平均成本是每月¥88000(合740美元)。毫不奇怪,东京是日本最昂贵的居住地。在这里,日本学生服务组织(的看法)建议的预算大约每月¥103000(860美元)支付租金,食物、保险、娱乐和其他生活费用。









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