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2018年美国医学院申请流程

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  除了美国本国的公民,每年有很多中国的留学生选择去去美国的医学院继续就读,那么2018年美国医学院申请流程是怎样的呢?跟着出国留学网来一起了解一下吧,欢迎阅读。

  Every year, thousands of individuals apply to medical schools across the U.S. While the majority are American citizens or permanent residents, international students also apply.The Association of American Medical Colleges reports that in 2014 almost 2,000 international applicants sought admission to U.S. medical schools and 409 secured acceptances.All things considered, these numbers are encouraging and should give international applicants hope that they can attend medical school in the U.S. However, the admissions process is difficult and requires careful planning.Here are four steps to follow to help you succeed in gaining admission to a U.S. medical school.

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  每年有成千上万的人申请美国的医学院,而大多数是美国公民或永久居民,与此同时,国际学生也是可以申请的。美国医学院校协会报告称,2014年约有2000名国际申请者申请美国医学院,409名申请者获得了入学许可。考虑到所有的因素,这些数字是令人鼓舞的,应该给想要美国的医学院国际申请者们以希望,但是录取过程是困难的,需要仔细的计划。以下是帮助你成功进入美国医学院的四个步骤,跟着出国留学网小编来了解一下吧。

  第一步:确定申请的院校

  1. Know where to apply: Not all U.S. medical schools accept international students. According to 2014 AAMC data, 62 medical schools stated they would accept international students' applications.Before you apply, make sure you have reviewed the admissions requirements for each school. Identify the institutions that accept international applicants and find out their requirements.>>>2018年QS美国最佳医学院排名TOP100

  1.知道是你想要申请哪所大学:不是所有的美国医学院都接受国际学生。根据2014年AAMC的数据,62所医学院表示他们将接受国际学生的申请。在你申请之前,确保你已经审核了每一所学校的入学要求。确定接受国际申请人的机构并找出他们的要求。

  第二步:达到你想申请的院校要求

  2. Complete academic requirements: Almost all U.S. medical schools recommend that applicants have a bachelor's degree, and many require it. As an international applicant, you will be at a significant competitive disadvantage if you do not have a bachelor's degree.Undergraduate coursework in the U.S. will give you a stronger advantage. Keep in mind that the American Medical College Application Service will not accept foreign education transcripts, verify them or calculate a grade point average.Because of this, almost all U.S. medical schools require international applicants to complete coursework in America before applying. Some require a year of U.S.-based coursework, while others ask that all medical school prerequisites be completed in the U.S.Virtually all schools treat coursework from Canada the same as the U.S. Stanford University states on its website that courses taken at an accredited institution in the United Kingdom are also acceptable.Before applying to U.S. medical schools, try to complete one to two years of university-level education in the U.S. with a focus on prerequisites and upper-division biology courses. Make sure you take these courses at a four-year university and not a community college. A postbaccalaureate program or a graduate science program is also a good option and acceptable at many schools.>>>2018年美国医学院申请准备须知

  2.完整的学术要求:几乎所有的美国医学院都建议申请者拥有学士学位,而且很多人都要求已经获得学士学位。作为一名国际申请者,如果你没有学士学位,你将处于竞争劣势。在美国的本科课程会给你更大的优势。请记住,美国医学院校的申请服务将不接受外国教育成绩单核实或计算平均绩点。因此,几乎所有的美国医学院都要求国际申请人在申请之前在美国完成学业。有些需要一年的美国时间而另一些人则要求在美国完成所有医学院的先决条件事实上,所有学校都将加拿大的课程与美国斯坦福大学的网站放在一起,而在英国的认证机构所开设的课程也可以接受。在申请美国医学院之前,要努力在美国完成一到两年的大学教育,重点是先决条件和高级生物学课程。确保你在四年制大学学习这些课程,而不是一所社区大学。在许多学校,学士学位课程或研究生课程也是一个不错的选择。

  第三步:获得临床和基于服务的经验

  3. Gain clinical and service-based experience: American medical schools seek applicants who have developed an understanding of the medical profession by working in the clinical setting alongside physicians. They also look for applicants who have demonstrated a passion for service, especially to the underserved.It is a good idea to get started on these experiences before moving to the U.S., but it is absolutely crucial to continue these activities in America before applying to medical school.You want to show medical schools that you are familiar with the American health care system and the work culture in this country. You can achieve this by participating in clinical and community-service based activities. These experiences in America can also serve as a valuable way to improve your language skills, particularly in developing strong patient communication abilities, which are crucial to your success as a medical student.

  3.获得临床和基于服务的经验:美国医学院通过与医生一起在临床工作中工作,寻求对医学专业有了解的申请人。他们也会寻找那些表现出对服务热情的申请者,尤其是那些服务不足的人。在搬到美国之前,先开始这些经验是一个好主意,但在申请医学院之前在美国继续开展这些活动绝对是至关重要的。你想要向医学院展示你熟悉美国的医疗保健系统和这个国家的工作文化。你可以通过参与临床和社区服务来达到这个目的。这些在美国的经历也可以作为一种宝贵的方法来提高你的语言技能,特别是在培养强有力的病人沟通能力方面,这对你作为一名医科学生的成功至关重要。

  第四步:取得合格的MCAT成绩

  4. Hone English proficiency for the MCAT: While your English proficiency will affect your medical school studies, it will also play a key role in how you perform on the MCAT, which requires strong critical reading skills.For the MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills and the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior sections, you are expected to read, understand and analyze English text on a broad range of topics. Work hard to improve your language skills by taking courses in English writing and literature, reading books in English and expanding your communication skills.Accomplishing these four tasks can seem daunting, but if you are set on training at a U.S. medical school, they are achievable.

  4.在你的英语水平会影响你的医学院学习的同时,MCAT也在你申请医学院的额过程中扮演着重要角色,这需要很强的批判性阅读技巧。对于MCAT的批判性分析和推理技能以及行为部分的心理、社会和生物学基础,你将会在广泛的主题上阅读、理解和分析英语文本。努力提高你的语言技能、学习英语写作和文学课程、阅读英语书籍、拓展你的交际能力。完成这四项任务似乎令人生畏,但如果你要在美国医学院接受培训,还是有可能实现的。

  If you're an aspiring medical student hoping to attend a U.S. medical school and you are not a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, you have probably heard that it's extremely difficult for international students to be admitted to or pay for a U.S. medical school.

  如果你是一名有抱负的医学院学生,希望上一所美国医学院,而你不是美国公民或永久居民,你可能听说过要让国际学生进入美国医学院就读是极其困难的。来自全国各地本科院校的医学预科网站建议他们的学生,国际学生就读美国的医学院本科的几率还是很低的或者找不到财政资源。耶鲁大学甚至更进一步,建议潜在的本科生认真考虑申请最终进入美国医疗机构的打算。

  The biggest difficulty students from overseas, or those without certain legal residency statuses, face is the inability to access federal student loan funding. The Yale website also notes that scholarships to attend medical school are rare for even U.S. applicants, let alone those from abroad.Association of American Medical Colleges admissions statistics from 2011 note that 88.4 percent of foreign applicants didn't matriculate to a U.S. institution, versus a range of approximately 40 percent to 60 percent of applicants from each U.S. state. Public institutions, it also emphasized, rarely admit out-of-state U.S. applicants, and virtually no international ones, due to funding constraints.

  If you want to attend an American medical school, what is the best strategy?

  来自海外的学生或者那些没有合法居留身份的学生,面临的最大困难是无法获得联邦学生贷款。耶鲁大学的网站还指出,即使是美国申请者,也很少有奖学金来上医学院,更不用说国外的了。美国医学院校协会2011年的招生统计数据显示,88.4%的外国申请者没有进入美国的大学,而美国各州的申请者中有40%到60%的人没有入学。它还强调,由于资金紧张,公共机构很少承认州外的申请者,实际上也没有国际机构愿意支出此贷款。

  如果你想上美国的医学院,什么是最好的策略?

  1. Research early: This may sound obvious, but depending on your stage in the medical school search process, thorough research can be very important to avoid potential disappointment or missed opportunities.It is important to decide, for example, where you want to complete your undergraduate work. Determining the financial aid policies for international students at your schools of choice is even more important, as some schools require four years of tuition deposited up front into an escrow (or third party) account, or proof of hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of assets.If schools do not specifically require financial information, it may be needed anyway to apply for a F-1 student visa.A good place to start is the website of the National Association of Advisors for the Health Professions, which provides a comprehensive list of school-specific policies regarding how they define "international students" and what opportunities may be available to those students.

  1.早期研究,这听起来可能很明显,但根据你在医学院校搜索过程中的阶段,深入的研究对于避免潜在的失望或错过的机会非常重要。例如,决定你想在哪里完成你的本科工作是很重要的。在你选择的学校里,决定国际学生的经济援助政策更为重要,因为有些学校需要四年的学费,放在一个托管账户(或第三方)账户上,或者证明有数十万美元的资产。如果学校没有特别要求财务信息,那么可能需要申请f - 1学生签证。一个良好的开端是全国健康职业顾问协会的网站,该网站提供了一份关于他们如何定义“国际学生”的学校具体政策的综合清单,以及这些学生可以获得哪些机会。

  2. Consider completing some coursework in the U.S.: The schools that do admit international applicants typically require a bachelor's degree issued by a U.S. institution, or at least one year of U.S.-based coursework. The schools prefer that the coursework at a U.S. school be in the sciences.If you are already finishing, or have finished, your undergraduate degree outside the United States—or Canada for some schools—it may be worth your while to plan a year of coursework at an American institution. That will help you not only meet requirements and open doors to applying to more schools, but it will also help you determine whether studying in the United States is ultimately right for you.

  2.考虑在美国完成一些课程:录取国际申请者的学校通常要求获得美国机构颁发的学士学位或至少美国一年的学士学位的课程。学校更喜欢美国学校的课程在科学领域。如果你正在就读或者已经完成了相关学位的就读,或者是获得了美国或加拿大之外的一些学校的本科学位,这可能值得你去计划一年的课程在美国的机构。这不仅可以帮助你满足要求,还可以为你申请更多的学校敞开大门,同时也会帮助你确定在美国学习是否最终适合你。

  3. Consider M.D./Ph.D. programs: Because slots for these positions are usually fully funded, due to the Ph.D. component, international students are generally thought to fare slightly better in gaining admission and funding for pursuing a medical education through this route in the United States.However, international students are subject to the same requirements, must have a solid research track record, and should be committed to a career as a physician-scientist. Schools value applicants' career ambitions heavily, as it can cost more than $350,000 to train students in these programs. A list of institutions offering positions via the Medical Scientist Training Program is available through the National Institutes of Health.Don't be discouraged if you are determined to attend a medical school in the United States. In 2011, 174 non-U.S. applicants matriculated at a U.S. medical school, according to the AAMC.Many schools have the same admissions standards for domestic and foreign applicants and would offer admission in the same manner, although for foreign admits, they are contingent on financing. There are also school-specific loan programs, such as at Yale, in addition to programs offered by major banks, some of which require American cosigners. Ibrahim Busnaina, M.D. is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and coauthor of "Examkrackers' How to Get Into Medical School." He has been consulting with prospective medical school applicants, with a special focus on minority and other nontraditional candidates, since 2006.

  3.考虑医学博士课程,由于这些职位的名额通常是全额资助的,由于博士学位的原因,国际学生一般认为在美国通过这条途径获得入学和资助来进行医学教育的费用会稍好一些。然而,国际学生也有同样的要求,必须有扎实的研究记录,并应致力于成为一名物理学家。学校重视申请者的职业抱负,因为在这些项目中培训学生花费超过35万美元。一份通过医学科学家培训计划提供职位的机构名单可通过美国国立卫生研究院获得。如果你决定上美国的一所医学院,不要灰心。2011年,174美国。据美国amc电视台报道,美国医学院的申请者的录取标准许多学校对国内外申请者都有相同的入学标准,并且会以同样的方式录取学生,尽管会录取外国学生,但是也是有条件的。此外,除了各大银行提供的项目之外,耶鲁大学还开设了一些特定于学校的贷款项目,其中一些项目需要美国的共同签署人。Ibrahim Busnaina医学博士是宾夕法尼亚大学医学院的毕业生,同时也是《如何进入医学院》的合著者。自2006年以来,他一直在咨询未来的医学院申请者,特别关注少数族裔和其他非传统的候选人

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