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美国伊利诺斯州有哪些世界顶尖大学

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2018-01-02 17:33

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  在全球享有盛誉的芝加哥大学位于美国伊利诺斯州的芝加哥,除了芝加哥大学美国伊利诺斯州有哪些世界顶尖大学,跟着出国留学网来一起了解一下吧。

  伊利诺斯州顶尖大学及移民优势介绍

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  一、伊利诺斯州纵览

  The capital city is Springfield and the largest city is Chicago.

  Illinois is located in the Midwest region of the US, sharing borders with Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin and Michigan (across Lake Michigan).

  Approximately 80% of Illinois is farmland.

  Major agricultural products include soybeans, pumpkin, corn, hogs, ethanol, peaches, cheese and wheat.Illinois has 37 companies in the 2016 Fortune 500 list.Chicago’s O’Hare airport is the fourth-busiest in the world by passenger numbers

  Illinois generates more nuclear power than any other state.

  Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th amendment of the constitution in 1865 to abolish slavery.

  Barack Obama started his political career in Illinois, and, when he became president in 2008, he gave his victory speech in Chicago’s Grant Park.

  Famous people from Illinois include US presidential candidate Hilary Clinton, actors Bill Murray and Mr. T, writer Ernest Hemingway, animator and producer Walt Disney and comedian Richard Pryor.

  Films featuring Chicago include The Blues Brothers (1980), Ferris Bueller’s Day Off (1986) and Home Alone (1990).

  Chicago’s Nabisco factory is the largest bakery in the world at 1,800,000 square feet.

  •首都是斯普林菲尔德,最大的城市是芝加哥

  •伊利诺斯州位于美国中西部地区与肯塔基州、密苏里州、爱荷华州、威斯康辛州和密歇根州(横跨密歇根湖)接壤。

  •伊利诺斯州大约80%是农田。主要农产品包括大豆、南瓜、玉米、猪、乙醇、桃子、奶酪和小麦。伊利诺斯州在2016年财富500强名单中有37家公司。芝加哥的奥黑尔机场是全球客运量排名第四的机场。

  •伊利诺斯州产生的核能比其他任何州都多。

  •伊利诺斯州是第一个在1865年批准《宪法第十三条修正案》废除奴隶制的州。

  •巴拉克·奥巴马在伊利诺斯州开始了他的政治生涯,2008年当上总统后,他在芝加哥的格兰特公园发表了胜利演说。

  •来自伊利诺伊州的名人包括美国总统候选人希拉里·克林顿、演员比尔·默里和T先生、作家欧内斯特·海明威、动画制作人兼制片人沃尔特·迪斯尼和喜剧演员理查德·普赖尔。以芝加哥为特色的电影包括《布鲁斯兄弟》(1980)、《费里斯·比勒》(1986)和《小鬼当家》(1990)。

  •芝加哥的纳贝斯克工厂是世界上最大的面包房,占地180万平方英尺。

  二、气候条件

  Situated in the Great Lakes region in the US, the state of Illinois is said to act as the heart and pulse of the US, as its demographics represent a microcosm of the nation.Proclaiming itself the true “Land of Lincoln”, Illinois was a prominent site of 19th and 20th century immigration, which saw all manner of settlers make their homes here. Among these immigrants was Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States, and Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church. Since some of Illinois’ settlers proved controversial figures (Smith himself was met with persecution and lynched in 1844), the history of the state is as colorful as it gets.

  The official capital of Illinois is Springfield, but Chicago steals the glory. Advantageously located on the shores of Lake Michigan, Chicago is the third largest city in the US and has become a key financial hub of the nation, thanks to strong agriculture, manufacturing, energy and service industries. With a rich and at times notorious history of music, crime, immigration and innovation, the sound and spirit of old Chicago lives on in today’s sprawling, tech-savvy metropolis.Although Illinois is the ‘most average state’ according to an Associated Press analysis of US Census Data, universities in Illinois are a long way from average. The state’s University of Chicago is in fact one of the nation’s (and the world’s) most prestigious universities – ranked 10th in the QS World University Rankings® 2016-2017.

  伊利诺斯州位于美国的大湖地区,据说它是美国的心脏和脉搏,因为它的人口结构代表了美国的一个缩影。伊利诺斯州宣称自己是真正的“林肯之乡”,是19世纪和20世纪移民的重要地点,在这里,所有的定居者都在这里安家。这些移民中有美国第16任总统亚伯拉罕·林肯和摩门教堂创始人约瑟夫·史密斯。由于伊利诺斯州的一些定居者证明了一些有争议的数据(史密斯本人在1844年遭到迫害和私刑),该州的历史就像它所得到的一样丰富多彩。

  伊利诺斯州的首都是斯普林菲尔德,芝加哥位于密西根湖畔是美国第三大城市,却凭借强大的农业、制造业、能源和服务业偷走了斯普林菲尔德的荣耀。伊利诺斯州有着富有的的称号,也有时臭名昭著的音乐、犯罪、移民和创新的历史,古老的芝加哥的声音和精神生活在今天这个庞大的、科技的大都市一直传播下去。据美联社对美国人口普查数据的分析显示,伊利诺斯州是“最平均的州”,但伊利诺斯州的大学距离平均水平还有很长的路要走。该州的芝加哥大学实际上是一个国家的(和世界)最负盛名的大学- 2016 - 2017QS世界大学排行榜排名第10位。

  三、伊利诺斯州的顶尖大学

  Three universities in Illinois are in the top 100 of the QS World University Rankings 2016-2017 – the University of Chicago, Northwestern University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  伊利诺斯州共有三所大学进入了2016 - 2017年 QS世界大学排行榜100名之列,其中包括芝加哥大学西北大学伊利诺伊大学香槟分校

  University of Chicago:The University of Chicago is the highest ranked among universities in Illinois and 10th in the world. A private research university, the school has a current undergraduate enrollment of around 5,860 students and has played a prominent role in a range of academic disciplines, including economics, sociology, law, literary criticism, physics, religion and political science. It features among the world’s best for 30 of the 42 subjects covered in the QS World University Rankings: by Subject 2016, including seven top-10 positions.Established in 1890 and located on 211 acres south of downtown Chicago, the University of Chicago combines Collegiate Gothic, neo-gothic and modern architecture. Expansion plans in recent years have brought about a number of new, state-of-the-art buildings, including a hospital, an athletics center and a science building. The University of Chicago’s Mansueto Library is also partially operated by robots.

  芝加哥大学:是伊利诺斯州大学和世界排名第十的大学。是一所私立研究型大学,目前在校本科生约5860人,在经济学、社会学、法学、文学批评、物理学、宗教和政治学等学科领域发挥了突出作用。它是QS世界大学排名中被调查的42个对象中最优秀的30个,包括7个学科排进了前10位。芝加哥大学成立于1890年,位于芝加哥市中心以南211英亩的地方,它融合了学院哥特式、新哥特式和现代建筑风格。近年来,扩建计划带来了一些新的、最先进的建筑,包括一家医院、一个体育中心和一座科学大楼。芝加哥大学的Mansueto图书馆也部分由机器人操作。

  Northwestern University:Ranked 26th in the world, Northwestern University is a multidisciplinary, private research institution, with a current undergraduate student population of just over 8,300. Northwestern University appears within the global top 200 in an impressive 33 subjects covered by the QS World University Rankings by Subject, including top 20 rankings for material sciences, economics, communication and media studies, and chemistry.The school’s main campus is located just half an hour’s drive north of the city center, in the suburban town of Evanston, along the banks of Lake Michigan. Northwestern University also has a satellite campus within the city, in the neighborhood of Streeterville, and this is where the law school, medical school and affiliated hospitals are located.

  西北大学:是世界上排名第26的大学,是一个多学科、私人研究机构,目前在校本科生仅8300多人。美国西北大学在2017年QS世界大学的排名中名列全球前200位,这一排名令人印象深刻,其中包括《材料科学》、《经济学》传播与媒体研究和《化学》等进入了的前20名。学校的主校区位于市中心以北,距市中心只有半小时车程,位于密歇根湖畔的埃文斯顿市郊。西北大学在城市里也有一个卫星学校,在斯特雷特维尔附近的是法学院,医学院和附属医院的所在地。

  It features among the world’s best for 30 of the 42 subjects covered in the QS World University Rankings: by Subject 2016, including seven top-10 positions.Established in 1890 and located on 211 acres south of downtown Chicago, the University of Chicago combines Collegiate Gothic, neo-gothic and modern architecture. Expansion plans in recent years have brought about a number of new, state-of-the-art buildings, including a hospital, an athletics center and a scence building. The University of Chicago’s Mansueto Library is also partially operated by robots.

  伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校:是一所公立的、研究密集型的土地赠予大学,也是伊利诺伊大学系统的顶尖级的大学。这所学校于1867年建立,在世界上排名第66位,成为了第二大公立大学。学校的校园图书馆系统拥有全国第二大的大学图书馆(整体排名第五)。伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分是一个多学科的机构,该校拥有43,600名学生(32579名本科生),可选择的150个学习项目。伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校在QS世界大学排名的排名中名列全球前300名,在全球排名前50的大学中排名第19,在土木和结构工程方面排名第一(并列第12位)。

  As well as its Urbana-Champaign campus, the University of Illinois also has branches in Chicago and Springfield – the University of Illinois at Chicago (joint 187th in the world) and University of Illinois at Springfield (unranked). Other notable universities in Illinois include the Illinois Institute of Technology (ranked 401-410* in the world), which has a notably high proportion of international students, and Loyola University Chicago (701+).

  伊利诺斯州其他顶尖级的院校:伊利诺斯大学在芝加哥和斯普林菲尔德也有分校——伊利诺斯大学芝加哥分校(世界排名第187位)和伊利诺斯州斯普林菲尔德大学(未排名)。伊利诺斯州的其他著名大学包括伊利诺伊理工学院(排名401 - 410),其中国际学生的比例非常高,洛约拉大学芝加哥分校(701 +)。

  四、宜居城市

  1.芝加哥

  The playground of the notorious gangster Al Capone and the starting point for many blues and jazz musicians, the city of Chicago boasts a history and cultural atmosphere richer than most.If it’s a decent skyline you’re after, then look no further. Chicago sits on the shores of Lake Michigan, offering stunning views over the water from the heights of the city’s many sleek architectural feats. These skyscrapers reflect Chicago’s status as a thriving economic hub, where as many as 14 Fortune Global 500 companies are located, including Boeing and Kraft Foods.At street level, Chicago’s population of 9.5 million can be found enjoying blues, jazz and rock bands hosted in the many gritty nightclubs and bars across the city. While Chicago’s comedy scene is booming, musical heritage remains one of the city’s biggest draws; the explosion of blues and jazz in the 20th century prompts comparisons with the throbbing city of New Orleans in Louisiana. Chicago’s major influence in the music world is reflected in the fact that the term “jazz” was actually coined in the city in 1914 by musicians Benny Goodman and Gene Krupa. The Green Mill Jazz Club is also the longest continuously running jazz club in the whole of the US.

  Other cultural attractions in Chicago include the Art Institute of Chicago, the Lincoln Park Zoo (the nation’s oldest public zoo and one of just three major free zoos remaining in the US), Willis Tower (or Sears Tower as it’s still known to locals) and the Shedd Aquarium.

  臭名昭著的强盗Al Capone的游乐场和许多布鲁斯和爵士音乐家的起点,芝加哥的历史和文化氛围比大多数的城市都要丰富。如果你想拥有一个体面的居住城市,那就别再找了。芝加哥坐落在密歇根湖的湖岸上,从这座城市众多的建筑丰功伟绩中,可以看到令人惊叹的美景。这些摩天大楼反映了芝加哥作为一个繁荣的经济中心的地位,那里有多达14家财富全球500强企业,包括波音和卡夫食品。在街道上,芝加哥有950万人口,可以在许多有砂砾的夜总会和酒吧里享受蓝调、爵士乐和摇滚乐队的音乐。虽然芝加哥的喜剧场面正在蓬勃发展,但音乐遗产仍是芝加哥最吸引人的地方之一,20世纪的蓝调和爵士乐的爆发,使人们将其与路易斯安那州新奥尔良市的悸动城市相比较。芝加哥在音乐界的主要影响力反映在一个事实,即“爵士”一词实际上是由音乐家Benny Goodman和Gene Krupa在1914年创造的。绿色磨坊爵士俱乐部也是美国历史上持续时间最长的爵士俱乐部。芝加哥的其他文化景点包括芝加哥艺术学院、林肯公园动物园(美国最古老的公共动物园和美国现存的三大免费动物园之一)、威利斯大厦(或西尔斯大厦)和谢德水族馆。

  2.斯普林菲尔德

  Although Chicago steals its limelight, the city of Springfield is the official capital of Illinois. Abraham Lincoln practiced law here from 1837 onwards and, inevitably, the town is full of so-called ‘Lincolniana’ to explore. Visitors can take a look at his restored home, law offices and various other period buildings and artifacts, as well as his tomb and the new Presidential Library and Museum.Although Springfield has a population of just 117,000, the city can offer a great live music scene, as well as theater, opera and comedy all over town.Other towns and cities worth exploring in Illinois include Aurora, Rockford, Joliet, Morton (“pumpkin capital of the world”), Naperville, Peoria, Cairo, Cahokia, and Kaskaskia (the state’s first capital).

  尽管芝加哥引人注目,但斯普林菲尔德市是伊利诺斯州的首都。1837年开始,亚伯拉罕·林肯在这里正式施行实行法律,不可避免地,这个小镇到处都是所谓的“林肯之家”。游客可以参观他修复的房屋、法律办公室和各种其他时期的建筑和文物以及他的坟墓和新的总统图书馆和博物馆。尽管斯普林菲尔德的人口只有11.7万,但这座城市可以提供一个很棒的现场音乐现场,以及整个小镇的剧院、歌剧和喜剧。在伊利诺斯州的其他城镇和城市包括奥罗拉、罗克福德、Joliet、Morton(“世界南瓜之都”)、Naperville、Peoria、Cairo、Cahokia和Kaskaskia(该州的第一个首都)。

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