It's the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Also known as the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Lantern festival. According to legend, the Han Emperor (179 - 157 BC) to celebrate Zhoubo in the fifteen survey of flat chulu: chaos, on this night, will be out of the palace to play, have fun with the citizens, in ancient times, the same night the night, also known as January, the Han Emperor will be the fifteen as the Lantern Festival, the Lantern Festival night call. Sima Qian established the "Taiji calendar" and listed the Lantern Festival as a major festival. Sui, Tang, Song Dynasty is very popular. "Sui Shu Zhi" on the music: "whenever the Kingdom, to stay fifteen days in Jianguomen in eight in the end of the door, to play for the column theatre, song and dance in the tens of thousands of feet, from dusk until dawn to dark, and strike. With the change of society and the times, the customs and habits of the Lantern Festival have changed greatly, but it is still the traditional Chinese folk festival.
The Lantern Festival is a traditional Chinese festival, as early as 2000 years ago in the Western Han Dynasty. According to the data and folk legend, the fifteen in the Western Han Dynasty has been to Han Xin night on the day of the first month in Ganquan palace worship "too" activities (too: dominate the universe, all the gods), is regarded as the first fifteen worship gods.
元宵，原意为“上元节的晚上”，因正月十五“上元节”主要活动是晚上的吃汤圆赏月，后来节日名称演化为“元宵节”。元宵之夜，大街小巷张灯结彩，人们赏灯，猜灯谜，吃元宵，将从除夕开始延续的庆祝活动推向又一个高潮，成为世代相沿的习俗。元宵在早期节庆形成过程之时，只称正月十五日、正月半或月望，隋以后称元夕或元夜。唐初受了道教的影响，又称上元，唐末才偶称元宵。但自宋以后也称灯夕。到了清朝，就另称灯节。在国外，元宵也以The Lantern Festival而为人所知。
The Lantern Festival, means "Lantern Festival night", because the main activities of the fifteen "Spring Festival" is the night of the Moon Festival to eat Glutinous Rice Balls, later evolved into "the Lantern Festival". The Lantern Festival night, high streets and back lanes decorated, people Shangding, guess lantern riddles, eating Lantern Festival will last New Year's Eve celebrations and an upsurge, become a generation along the custom. The Lantern Festival in the early formation process, said only fifteen January, the first half or the moon, Sui said after the Lantern Festival or the night. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty by the influence of Taoism, also known as the spring, I called the Lantern Mocai tang. But since the Song Dynasty also known as Dengxi. In the Qing Dynasty, it was also called the Lantern Festival. In foreign countries, lantern lantern is also known by The Lantern Festival.
The legend of the Lantern Festival is the Han emperor to commemorate the "Ping Lu" and set up. The Han emperor after the death of Liu Bang, the son of lvhou reign of Han Emperor Liu Ying. Hui cowardly, irresolute and hesitant gradually fall in the hands of LV power, after the Han emperor died. After the court Liu Lu would become the world's world, veteran, Liu clan deeply indignation, but are afraid lvhou brutal and resentment.
After lvhou illness, fear of being hurt and pushed the Libyans on tenterhooks. Then, a secret meeting at the general Lu: home, conspiracy insurrection things, to completely take over Liu jiangshan. This spread to Liu Liu clan room king Liu Xianger, Liu Xiang Paul Liu Jiangshan, revolted against the Libyans and subsequently decided to founding veteran Zhou Bo, Chen Ping made contact, the lifting of the design Lu Lu, "chulu: Chaos" finally be completely calm.
The Lantern Festival, also known as the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, the Lantern Festival or the Lantern Festival, is the first important festival after the Spring Festival, is Chinese is also one of the Chinese characters cultural circle of the region and the overseas Chinese traditional festival. The first month of the lunar calendar is the lunar month. The ancients called the night "night", so the first month of the first month of the year was called the Lantern Festival fifteen.
China ancient customs, the Spring Festival (the official day festival, the Lantern Festival, Ghost Festival (Festival) officer, Ullambana), Yuan Festival (Shuiguan section) are three yuan. The Lantern Festival began in the Qin Dynasty more than 2000 years ago. The Han Emperor ordered the fifteen as the Lantern festival. When Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty, the sacrificial activities of "too one God" were fixed on the fifteen month of the first month (Tai Yi: the God of the universe). When Sima Qian created the "Tai Chu calendar", the Lantern Festival was identified as a major festival.
The traditional custom of enjoying the moonlight, like fireworks, lamp lantern riddles, eating lantern, is pull the rabbit lamp. In addition, many places also increased the Lantern Festival playing the dragon, playing the lions, stilt, land boat, yangko dance, beating drums and other traditional folk performances.
There are many stories on how this festival was created. One other story is about a maid. In the Han Dynasty, Mr. Eastern was a favorite advisor of the emperor. One winter day, he went to the garden and heard a little girl crying and getting ready to jump into a well to commit suicide. Mr. Eastern stopped her and asked why. She said she was a maid in the emperor's palace and her name was Yuan-Xiao.
She never had the chance to meet her family after she started worked at the palace. She missed them so much every 12th lunar month. If she couldn't have the chance to show her filial piety in this life, she would rather die. Mr. Eastern promised her to find a way so she could reunion with her family. Mr. Eastern left the palace and set up a fortune-telling stall on the street and disguised himself as a fortuneteller. Because of his reputation, many people asked for their fortunes.
But every one got the same prediction - a severe fire accident on the 15th lunar day. The rumor spread quickly. Everyone was worried about the future and asked Mr. Eastern for help. Mr. Eastern said, "On the 13th lunar day, the God of Fire will send a fairy lady in red to burn down the city. If you see a lady in red wearing green pants riding a black horse on that day, you should ask for her mercy." On that day, Yuan-Xiao pretended to be the red fairy lady. When people asked for her help, she said, "I'm the messenger of the God of Fire and came to check on the city and I'm going to set up fire on 15th. This is an order from Jade Emperor. He will watch from the heavens.
I will give you a copy of the imperial decree from the God of Fire. You should go to ask your emperor to find a way out." After she left, people went to the palace to show the emperor the decree which reads "The capital city is in trouble. Fire burns on the palace, and fire from Heaven burns all night long on the 15th." The emperor of Han Dynasty was very shocked. He called and asked Mr. Eastern for advice. After pondering for a while, Mr. Eastern said, "I heard that the God of Fire likes to eat Tang-Yuan (Sweet dumpling). Does Yuan-Xiao often cook Tang-Yuan for you? On the 15th lunar day, let Yuan-Xiao make Tang-Yuan.
Your Majesty will take charge of the worshipping ceremony and you will give an order to every house to prepare Tang-Yuan to worship the God of Fire at the same time. Also, deliver another order to ask every house in the city to hang red lantern and explode fire crackers. Lastly, everyone in the palace and people outside the city should carry their lanterns on the street to watch the lantern decoration and fireworks. If everything goes this way, the Jade Emperor would be deceived.
Then everyone can avoid the fire accident." The emperor happily followed the plan. Lanterns were everywhere in the capital city on the night of the 15th lunar day. People were walking on the street. Fire crackers kept making lots of noise. It looked like the entire city was on fire. Yuan-Xiao's parents went into the palace to watch the lantern decorations, and Yuan-Xiao made a big lantern and wrote her name on the lantern. They happily reunited together after her parents called her name. Everybody was safe during the night. The emperor of Han Dynasty had a new order that people should do the same thing every year. Since Yuan-Xiao cooked the best Tan-Yuan, people called the day Yuan-Xiao Festival.
这一则传说与吃元宵的习俗有关：相传汉武帝有个宠臣名叫东方朔，他善良又风趣。有一年冬天，下了几天大雪 ，东方朔就到御花园去给武帝折梅花。刚进园门，就发现有个宫女泪流满面准备投井。东方朔慌忙上前搭救，并问明她要自杀的原因。原来，这个宫女名叫元宵，家里还有双亲及一个妹妹，自从她进宫以后，就再也无缘 东方朔与元宵姑娘的传说和家人见面，每年到了腊尽春来的时节，就比平常更加的思念家人。觉得不能在双亲跟前尽孝，不如一死了之。东方朔听了她的遭遇，深感同情，就向她保证，一定设法让她和家人团聚。
Lantern Festival, one of China's traditional festivals, as early as the Western Han Dynasty more than 2,000 years ago, existed, and Lantern Festival lanterns began in the Eastern Han Emperor Ming period, the Emperor Ming to promote Buddhism, I heard that the Buddhist concept of the first month on the 15th Buddhist monk relic, to light lamps Jingfo practice, we ordered that day night at the Imperial Palace and the temple lamps Jingfo, so that ordinary people are hanging lights Nobles. After this Buddhist ritual evolved folk festival grand festival.
Lunar New Year Lantern Festival, also known as the "Lantern Festival" is a Chinese folk traditional festivals. The first month is a lunar January, the ancients called "Xiao," and on the 15th is the first year of a full moon night, so that fifteenth day of the Lantern Festival. Also known as a small first month, Lantern Festival or the Lantern Festival, the first after the Spring Festival, an important festival. China's vast territory, has a long history, so the custom on the Lantern Festival are not the same all over the country in which to eat the Lantern Festival, Flower lamp, dragon dance lion and others are several important folk custom of the Lantern Festival.
元宵节：festival of lanterns，lantern festival dumplings
元宵： the rice glue ball
灯谜：riddles written on lanterns
灯具：lamps and lanterns
灯笼裤 bloomers galligaskins knickers pantalettes plus fours
灯笼 lantern scaldfish
灯塔 beacon lighthouse pharos
灯语 lamp signal
灯油 kerosene lamp oil