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2017考研英语阅读理解冲刺模拟试题及答案(3)

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  2017考研英语阅读理解冲刺模拟试题及答案(3)

  When I decided to quit my full time employment it never occurredto me that I might become a part of a new international trend. A lateral movethat hurt my pride and blocked my professional progress prompted me to abandonmy relatively high profile career although, in the manner of a disgracedgovernment minister, I covered my exit by claiming “I wanted to spend more time with my family".

  Curiously, some two-and-a-half years and two novels later, myexperiment in what the Americans term "downshifting" has turned mytired excuse into an absolute reality. I have been transformed from apassionate advocate of the philosophy of “ have itall", preached by Linda Kelsey for the past seven years in the pages ofShe magazine, into a woman who is happy to settle for a bit of everything.

  I have discovered, as perhaps Kelsey will after hermuch-publicized resignation from the editorship of She after a build-up ofstress, that abandoning the doctrine of "juggling your life", andmaking the alternative move into “ downshifting ” brings with it far greater rewards than financial success andsocial status. Nothing could persuade me to return to the kind of life Kelseyused to advocate and I once enjoyed: 12-hour working days, pressured deadlines,the fearful strain of office politics and the limitations of being a parent on “ quality time ” .

  In America, the move away from juggling to a simpler, lessmaterialistic lifestyle is a well-established trend. Downshifting — also known in America as “voluntarysimplicity”— has, ironically, even bred a new area of what might be termedanti-consumerism. There are a number of best-selling downshifting self-helpbooks for people who want to simplify their lives; there are newsletters, suchas The Tightwad Gazette, that give hundreds of thousands of Americans usefultips on anything from recycling their cling-film to making their own soap;there are even support groups for those who want to achieve the mid-'90sequivalent of dropping out.

  While in America the trend started as a reaction to the economicdecline ― after the massredundancies caused by downsizing in the late’ 80s ― and is still linked to the politics of thrift, in Britain, atleast among the middle-class downshifters of my acquaintance, we have differentreasons for seeking to simplify our lives.

  For the women of my generation who were urged to keep jugglingthrough the '80s, downshifting in the mid-'90s is not so much a search for themythical good life — growing your ownorganic vegetables, and risking turning into one — as apersonal recognition of your limitations.

  37. Which of the following is true according to paragraph 1?

  [A]Full-time employment is a new international trend.

  [B]The writer was compelled by circumstances to leave her job.

  [C] “ A lateral move ” means stepping out of full-time employment.

  [D]The writer was only too eager to spend more time with herfamily.

  38. The writer's experiment shows that downshifting _________.

  [A]enables her to realize her dream

  [B]helps her mold a new philosophy of life

  [C]prompts her to abandon her high social status

  [D]leads her to accept the doctrine of She magazine

  39. “ Juggling one'slife ” probably meansliving a life characterized by _________.

  [A]non-materialistic lifestyle

  [B]a bit of everything

  [C]extreme stress

  [D]anti-consumerism

  40. According to the passage, downshifting emerged in the U.S. asa result of _________.

  [A]the quick pace of modern life

  [B]man's adventurous spirit

  [C]man's search for mythical experiences

  [D]the economic situation

  名师解析

  37. Which of the following is true according to paragraph 1?

  根据第一段,下文哪一个是正确的?

  [A] Full-time employment is a new international trend.

  全职工作是一个新的国际趋势。

  [B] The writer was compelled by circumstances to leave her job.

  作者因为环境所迫而辞职。

  [C] “ A lateral move ” means stepping out of full-time employment.

  “平级调动”指的是退出全职工作。

  [D] The writer was only too eager to spend more time with herfamily.

  作者太渴望多花点时间来陪伴家人了。

  【答案】 B

  【考点】事实细节题。

  【分析】根据第一段,当决定辞去自己的全职工作时作者绝对没有想到自己竟然变成了一种新的国际性潮流的一部分。作者写道“一次平行的调动伤了我的自尊,并阻碍了我的事业发展,这促使我放弃自己地位较高的职业,就像面子扫尽的政府部长那样,我也掩饰自己的离开,以‘我想花更多的时间与家人待在一起’为借口”。因此我们可以得出结论,作者是“被迫离开的”。答案为 [B] 。第一句中所说的“新时尚”实际上指下文提到的“放松生活节奏”,因此 [A] 错误。 [C] 指的是平行调动,而不是退出工作。[D] 仅仅是作者的一个借口。

  38. The writer’s experiment showsthat downshifting _______.

  作者的实验表明“放慢生活节奏” _______ 。

  [A] enables her to realize her dream

  使她能够实现她的梦想

  [B] helps her mold a new philosophy of life

  帮助她塑造一种新的人生哲学

  [C] prompts her to abandon her high social status

  迫使她放弃了自己很高的社会地位

  [D] leads her to accept the doctrine of She magazine

  使她接受了《她》杂志的教义 ( 所倡导的生活观 )

  【答案】 B

  【考点】事实细节题。

  【分析】根据题干可以定位到第二段第二句,作者这个被美国人称为“放慢生活节奏”的试验,却使自己老掉牙的借口变成了现实。作者已经从一个“占有一切”哲学 ( 琳达·凯茜过去七年中在《她》这本杂志所宣扬的 ) 的狂热支持者,变成了一个乐于接受任何东西,凡事只要一丁点的女人。 [A] 不对,因为新的生活方式是从来没有想过的。 [C] 的错误在于她放弃很高的社会地位不是因为这个实验。 [D] 错在作者后来自己放弃了这一生活哲学。

  39. “ Juggling one’s life ” probably meansliving a life characterized by _________.

  “ Juggling one’s life ”这个词组指的是过一种 _________ 的生活。

  [A]non-materialistic lifestyle 非物质主义生活方式

  [B]a bit of everything 什么都有一点

  [C]extreme stress 压力极大

  [D]anti-consumerism 反消费主义

  【答案】 C

  【考点】词义题。

  【分析】根据“ juggle ”一词可以定位到文中第三段,文中提到放弃“ juggling your life ”的生活哲学,转而过一种“ downshifting ”的生活所带来的回报,比经济成功和社会地位更有价值。“juggling your life”和“ downshifting ”相对立,因此可以推断“ juggling one's life ”应该和第二段第二句中的“ having it all ”同义。根据第四段,“ downshifting ”本文指“过于简朴、自在的生活”,那么“ juggling one's life ”当指“紧张的生活方式”。 [A] 是“downshifting ”的生活特点。[B] 也是“ downshifting ”的生活特点。 [D] “反消费主义”与“自愿过简朴的生活”是一致的。仍然是“ downshifting ”的生活特点。

  40. According to the passage, downshifting emerged in the U.S. asa result of _________.

  根据本文,美国出现的“放慢生活节奏”是 ______ 的结果。

  [A]the quick pace of modern life 现代生活的快节奏

  [B]man’s adventurousspirit 人类的冒险精神

  [C]man’s search formythical experiences 人类寻求神秘经历的追求

  [D]the economic situation 经济状况

  【答案】 D

  【考点】事实细节题。

  【分析】之所以出现“downshifting ”的生活方式,各国原因不一样,这一点在最后两段提到了。但是作者问的是美国的情况,而且用的“ emerge ”这个单词,因此可以认为答题点就是“在美国,这种趋势一开始是对经济衰落所做出的一种反应”。因此可以判断答案为 [D] 。

  难句解析 :

  1. A lateral move thathurt my pride and blocked my professional progress promoted me to abandon myrelatively high profile career although, in the manner of a disgracedgovernment minister, I covered my exit by claiming “ Iwanted to spend more time with my family ” .

  【结构分析】 本句的主句是“ a lateralmove promoted me to abandon my relatively high profile career ”。“ although ”引导一个让步状语从句。“ that hurt my prideand blocked my professional progress ”是“ a lateral move”的定语,“ in the manner of a disgraced government minister”是插入语,表示方式。

  2. Curiously, sometwo-and-a-half years and two novels later, my experiment in what the Americansterm “ downshifting ” hasturned my tired excuse into an absolute reality.

  【结构分析】 本句主干是“ myexperiment has turned my tired excuse into an absolute reality ”。注意其谓语是一个“ turn sth. into sth. ”的结构。“ sometwo-and-a-half years and two novels later ”是时间状语。“ what”引导一个宾语从句。

  3. I have discovered, asperhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorshipof She after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine of “ juggling your life ” , and making thealternative move into “ downshifting ” brings with it far greater rewards than financial success andsocial status.

  【结构分析】 “ I havediscovered that abandoning…and making…brings with it far greater rewards… ”是句子主干。其中“ abandoning the doctrine of ‘ juggling yourlife ’ , and making the alternative move into ‘ downshifting ’”为宾语从句的主语,“ brings ”为谓语。“ as perhaps Kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation fromthe editorship of She after a build-up of stress ”既是伴随状语,又是插入语,其主语为“ Kelsey ”,而“ after her much-publicizedresignation from the editorship of She after a build-up of stress ”是本插入语中的时间状语。

  全文翻译:

  当决定辞去自己的全职工作时我绝对没有想到自己竟然变成了一种新的国际性潮流的一部分。一次平行的调动伤了我的自尊,并阻碍了我的事业发展,这促使我放弃自己地位较高的职业,就像颜面丢尽的政府部长那样,我也掩饰自己的离开,说“我想花更多的时间与家人待在一起”。

  奇怪的是,在大约两年半我写完两部小说后,我这个被美国人称为“放慢生活节奏”的试验,却使我老掉牙的借口变成了绝对的现实。我曾经是“占有一切”哲学 ( 琳达·凯茜过去七年中在《她》这本杂志所宣扬的 ) 的狂热支持者,现在已经变成了什么都只要一点点的女人。

  我已经发现——凯茜由于压力过大已多次公开宣称要辞去《她》杂志编辑的职务,在这之后她也许会有同样发现——放弃“耍弄生活”的生活哲学,转而过一种“放慢生活节奏”的生活所带来的回报,比经济成功和社会地位更有价值。没有什么能够说服我再回到过去那种凯茜所宣扬的、我也很享受的生活中去。那个时候,工作日每天工作 12 小时,有压力很大的的最后期限,压抑的的办公室的政治,以及连做母亲也得“高效率”。

  在美国,摆脱忙碌,转而过一种简单、不再那么物质化的生活已成确定趋势。具有讽刺意味的是,“放慢生活节奏”——在美国也称“自愿简单”——甚至孕育了一个崭新的、可称之为反消费主义的生活方式。对于那些想简单生活的人来说,有许多很畅销的的自助书籍帮你轻松生活;有各种简讯,例如省钱简报,会给美国人提供成千上万条有用的点子去做事,从回收保鲜膜到自制肥皂;甚至还有一些帮助团体,帮人按 90 年代中期脱离传统社会的人的生活方式去生活。

  在美国,这种趋势出现之初是对经济衰落所做出的一种反应——出现于 80 年代后期缩小经济规模所引起的大量人员冗余之后——在英国,至少在我所认识的中产阶级的简化生活者中,这种趋势仍被认为与节俭政治有关联,虽然如此,然而我们有着不同的缘由去寻求使自己的生活简单化。

  对我们这一代女性来说,整个 80 年代我们曾被迫忙碌地生活, 90 年代中期的简化生活与其说是寻求神话般的好生活——自己种有机蔬菜以及冒险进入一个仙境——倒不如说我们都认识了自身的局限。

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