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芬兰赫尔辛基大学基本概况

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  芬兰的赫尔辛基大学创立于1640年,是一座古老的世界顶尖的高等学府,以其一流的设备,齐备的专业,闻名欧洲,那么跟着出国留学网一起来了解下芬兰赫尔辛基大学基本概况吧,欢迎阅读。

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  一、关于赫尔辛基大学

  ABOUT US

  We are Finland’s largest, oldest and internationally most esteemed research university.The University of Helsinki is the oldest and largest institution of academic education in Finland, an international scientific community of 40,000 students and researchers. In international university rankings, the University of Helsinki typically ranks among the top 100. The University of Helsinki seeks solutions for global challenges and creates new ways of thinking for the best of humanity. Through the power of science, the University has contributed to society, education and welfare since 1640.The University’s core duties are research, teaching and their support through community relations.RESEARCH:The University of Helsinki aims to produce research of a high international standard in all fields. Research provides the University’s scholars with solid expertise to participate in the development of society and the business sector in various national and regional cooperation projects. The University of Helsinki is a member of more than half of all national and Nordic centres of excellence in research. It is also the only Finnish university to have received an invitation to join the League of European Research Universities (LERU), which is an association of the leading research-intensive universities in Europe.The University allocates funding to research based on competition and evaluation. Special emphasis is placed on multidisciplinary initiatives within basic research. About half of the research conducted at the University of Helsinki is financed from the University’s operating expenses and the other half from external funding sources.TEACHINGT:eaching at the University of Helsinki is based on research. The underlying principle is that every teacher does research and every researcher teaches. According to an international evaluation, teaching at the University of Helsinki is of a high European standard. As a research-intensive university, the University of Helsinki encourages most of its students to complete a second-cycle degree. The great variety of minor subject options continues to be an important component in the high quality of degrees completed at the University. The Open University offers teaching in accordance with the degree requirements of the University of Helsinki, and the Palmenia Centre for Continuing Education provides professional education programmes in the various fields represented at the University.COMMUNITY RELATIONS:The University of Helsinki is a responsible social force, an advocate of science and scholarship, and a valued partner. The University boasts an extensive network of partners, including its alumni and friends, donors and funders, foundations and civic organisations, businesses and the media as well as political decision-makers and civil servants in the public sector.The University’s social engagement is manifested through its core duties of research and teaching, in addition to which the University and members of the University community interact with the surrounding society in numerous ways.Interaction with the University enhances the operational conditions of its partners, the business sector and the society at large. Graduates serving as experts in various fields constitute the University’s most significant contribution to society. The University’s representatives are consulted by decision-makers, participate in public debate and provide research information for public use. Productive, well-functioning partnerships generate solutions to the great challenges facing not only Finnish society, but societies globally.

  关于我们,我们是芬兰最大、最古老、国际上最受尊敬的研究型大学。赫尔辛基大学是芬兰历史最悠久,规模最大的学术教育机构,在国际科学界拥有40,000名学生和研究人员。在国际大学排名中,赫尔辛基大学通常排名前100位。赫尔辛基大学寻求解决全球挑战的办法,为人类创造新的思维方式。通过科学的力量,自1640年以来大学对社会、教育和福利作出了贡献。大学的核心职责是通过社区关系进行研究、教学和支持。研究:赫尔辛基大学旨在研究各个领域的高标准国际标准。研究为大学学者提供扎实的专业知识,参与各种国家和地区合作项目的社会发展和商业部门。赫尔辛基大学是所有国家和北欧研究中心的一半以上的成员。它也是唯一一家接受欧洲研究大学联盟(LERU)邀请的芬兰大学,该研究所是欧洲领先的研究密集型大学的协会。大学根据竞争和评估分配研究资金。特别重视基础研究中的多学科举措。在赫尔辛基大学进行的大约一半的研究由大学的运营费用支付,另一半来自外部资金来源。教学:赫尔辛基大学的教学是以研究为基础的。根本原则是每位老师都在研究,每位研究人员都会教导。根据国际评估,赫尔辛基大学的教学具有较高的欧洲标准。作为一所研究型大学,赫尔辛基大学鼓励大部分学生完成二级学位。在大学毕业的高质量学科中,各种各样的小学科选项仍然是重要的组成部分。开放大学根据赫尔辛基大学的学位要求提供教学,并且巴勒斯坦继续教育中心在大学代表的各个领域提供专业教育课程。社区关系:赫尔辛基大学是一个负责任的社会力量,倡导科学和奖学金,也是一个重要的合作伙伴。大学拥有广泛的合作伙伴网络,其中包括校友朋友、捐助者、资助者、基金会、公民组织、企业和媒体以及公共部门的政治决策者和公务员。大学的社会参与通过其研究和教学的核心职责来表现,大学和大学社团成员除此之外还以多种方式与周边社会互动。与大学的互动增强了合作伙伴,商界和整个社会的运作条件。作为各个领域专家的毕业生构成了大学对社会最重要的贡献。大学代表的作用是决策者咨询,参与公众辩论,并提供研究信息供公众使用。生产力良好的合作伙伴关系为芬兰社会乃至全球社会面临的巨大挑战提供了解决方案。

  二、历史沿革

  The University of Helsinki was established in Turku in 1640, and the University continues to celebrate its anniversary on the date of the establishment of the Royal Academy of Turku, 26 March. The University moved to Helsinki during Finland’s Russian rule in 1828, and when Finland gained its independence, it was renamed the University of Helsinki.The Royal Academy of Turku was one of the four national universities of the Swedish realm at the time. Its academic community comprised 11 professors and 250 students. Teaching and research was connected to Lutheran theology and European humanism. Research topics of the time included the structure of the universe, the nature of matter, the rules of mechanics and the resources of the earth.After Finland became a part of Imperial Russia in 1809, the University was dramatically expanded. The Imperial Alexander University became a Humboldtian university of science and edification which studied humanity and its environment through the scientific method.Once Finland gained its independence in 1917, the University assumed a central role in building the nation state and its welfare. Members of the University community promoted the fledgling state’s international interaction and economic development.

  赫尔辛基大学于1640年在图尔库成立,图尔库皇家学院3月26日成立,大学继续庆祝其周年纪念日。1828年芬兰的俄罗斯统治期间,大学搬到了赫尔辛基,芬兰获得独立后更名为赫尔辛基大学。图尔库皇家学院当时是瑞典境内四所国立大学之一。其学术界共11名教授和250名学生。教学与研究与路德教神学与欧洲人文主义有关。时间的研究课题包括宇宙的结构,物质的性质,力学规律和地球资源。芬兰于1809年成为俄罗斯帝国的一部分,大学扩大了。帝国亚历山大大学成为洪堡大学的科学和教学,通过科学的方法研究人类及其环境。一旦芬兰在1917年获得独立,大学在建设民族国家及其福利方面发挥了核心作用。大学社团成员推动了新兴国家的国际互动和经济发展。

  请继续阅读第2页为赫尔辛基大学教研优势、校园环境和杰出校友详细介绍。


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