出国留学网托福写作备考

托福写作备考

出国留学网专题频道托福写作备考栏目,提供与托福写作备考相关的所有资讯,希望我们所做的能让您感到满意!

如何快速的搞定托福写作

 

  对于很多同学来说,托福写作是非常重要但是也是非常难的,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看如何快速的搞定托福写作?

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  第一,需要考生有一定的英语语法基础。

  语法一直是中国英语教育的核心,对于中国学生来讲一般不是太大的困难。而且新托福写作对于学生的语法要求不会很高,在懂得主谓宾正常的构句规则的基础上,加上对各种从句以及几个特殊句式(强调句、倒装句)的运用,就足以应付托福写作。很多基础相对来说薄弱的考生经常会遇到的困境是:对英语的语法产生恐惧,因为不写不错,一写就错。这部分考生克服这个困难的办法是:多去动笔写,写完了让老师或者是身边英语比较好的同学帮忙改,弄懂每一个语法错误是为什么道理,切不可消极怠工,意志沉沦。

  第二,文章结构最重要。

  托福写作通常是一个五段三点式的写作,通常我们也叫鱼骨头(Fish Bone)式。这样的结构就是最为普遍的议论文结构,开头段+中间三段+结尾段。千万不要小看这样的结构,以为这样的结构过于简单,过于八股。其实,新托福写作考查的也就是考生是否会熟练运用这样的结构去表达自己对一个观点的看法。美国的高中生会专门用一年的时间来学习这样的结构。所以在准备托福写作的时候,应该特别注意要熟练运用五段三点式这样的结构。

  第三,语言需要有一定程度上的多样性。

  语言多样性分为句式的多样性和词汇的多样性。新托福考试说到底,还是在考查学生的语言能力。文章结构就是一个人的骨架,那么剩下来的工作就是需要往这具空空的骨架中添加进生动的血肉,这就是我们的语言了。新托福写作考试对于考生的语言水平最基本的要求是没有太多的语法错误,也就是考生所犯的语法错误不会影响到文章的理解。在这个基础上,新托福考试还要求学生会熟练运用一些句式、词汇,使文章看起来很native。句式的多样性是很容易通过老师的指导在短时间内得到迅速的提升的,但是词汇的多样性却要在很大程度上依靠考生自己平时自身的积累,光靠老师的总结是远远不够的,再好的老师也永远不可能把所有的词汇总结出来

  第四,我们必须注意中西方文化的差异对于我们新托福写作的影响

  这里最为典型的一点就是,西方人的思路是演绎式的(deduction),他们会先把自己最主要的观点亮出来,然后再针对自己的观点做进一步的阐释;而中国人的思路是归纳式的(induction),中国人擅于先大段的说理论证,分析各种可能的情况,然后最后加上一个总结,也就是自己的观点。在新托福写作中我们一定要使用演绎式的写作方式,切忌使用归纳式的方式。原因在于:使用演绎式的写作方式,一开始就亮出观点,使读者很清晰地明白作者的观点,于是读者就会更好地理解下面的相关论证,使得读者更容易觉得文章的思路清晰,逻辑严密;而使用归纳式的写作方式,读者在阅读之前的论证的时候,自己心里也会产生一个自己的观点,也就是说读者自己就会先于作者得出一个观点,要是当最后作者的观点与读者的观点相...

托福写作有哪些常见话题

 

  对于很多同学来说,了解托福写作的常见话题,对于托福写作备考来说是非常有帮助的,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作有哪些常见话题?

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  1. 全球化影响

  There is a disagreement on the impact of increased business and culture contact between countries on a country’s identity. What is your opinion?

  2. 政府投资

  People should keep all the money they earn and should not pay taxes to the state. Do you agree or disagree?

  3. 科技影响

  Many employees may work at home with modern technology. Some people claim that it benefits only workers, but not employers. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  4. 文化类

  i. It is more important for a building to serve its purposes than to look beautiful. Architects do not need to worry about whether it is a real work of art. Do you agree or disagree?

  ii. The international tourism is the biggest industry in the world. To what extent do you think its advantages far outweigh its disadvantages?

  5. 生活工作

  Some people think that changing jobs periodically is good. What is your opinion?

  6. 传媒类

  Some people suggest that there should be restrictions on a detailed description of crimes in the newspapers and on television. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

提升托福写作有哪些方式

 

  提升托福写作有哪些方式呢?很多正在备考托福写作的同学有这个疑惑,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看吧!

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  1、先看范文再自己练笔

  托福写作的练笔一般都安排在参考学习范文之后。经过了范文学习的过程,考生就可以开始针对不同话题的文章思考自己的观点,列出提纲,寻找supporting details。这样,在做好了充分的准备后,就可以有准备地开始真正的练笔阶段。需要说明的是,如果同学们没有好的模拟写作小软件,建议使用windows自带的写字板,切忌使用Microsoft Word等具有纠错功能的软件进行模拟写作。这是因为托福考试中拼写错误也是会导致扣分的,而自带的纠错软件会帮助考生修整这个问题,让大家无法注意到自己的拼写问题,这对于考试实战就很不利了。而在练笔的最初阶段考生可以不计时间,但熟悉了写作的流程后一定要每次写作都计时,模拟真实的考试环境。

  2、综合写作培养听力复述能力

  Integrated writing部分也就是综合写作是听力和写作的结合,不需要大家发表个人观点,因此考察的是听力能力和复述的能力。在听力之前的三分钟要认真阅读题目中的文字,文字中会有3个支持文字观点的论据,听力则会针对这三个观点逐个展开。对于听力部分,同样提醒大家要多做笔记,记住细节,在作文展开中体现出来。因为综合写作的模式比较固定,因此可以提前准备好模版和固定的句式。注意,一篇高分的综合写作一定有变化多样的句式,这个在我们准备模版的时候一定要体现出来。

  3、积累优秀词汇句型和文章结构

  最开始练习independent writing独立写作时,同学们往往会遇到不知如何下手的问题。因此,在练习的初期,可以先阅读一些托福写作的范文、相关书籍以及阅读精读里面的文章,注意作者的文章结构和展开方式,同时积累例子和细节。这样,我们对于独立写作的套路就有了基本的了解。另外在关注文章的展开方式时,我们同样可以学习范文里的句式结构和高深的词汇。这并不是鼓励大家抄袭,而是希望考生能够通过模仿真正掌握较高级的句子结构和较复杂的词汇,这些都会给我们的作文加分。

  推荐阅读:

  提升托福听力实力有哪些方法

托福写作容易失分的地方

 

  正在进行托福写作的同学,对于托福写作有哪些了解呢?接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作容易失分的地方?

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  1.用词不当

  学生们在新托福写作中或多或少都会有一些用词不当的问题,但是要注意的是一些最最基本的错误是不能犯的。

  • In the show, if participators answer twenty problems that the host mentioned correctly, they will get five hundreds thousand U.S. dollars as a prize.

  ——problems应改为questions

  2.拼写错误

  这里的拼写错误不是指在考试时候的误打,而是本身对词汇拼写记忆的错误。

  • In conclusion, issue of whether parents are the best teachers is a complex one, requiring subjective judgement, consequently, there are no easy or certain answers.

  ——judgement应改为judgment

  3.乱用大词

  First of all, children can earn money from their jobs, although there isn’t too much, but they will keep their salary gingerliness.

  这里的gingerliness根本是不知所云。该句子还有以下问题:

  1)该作文题目是讲学生是否应该做兼职,因此children的出现就显得很莫名其妙;

  2)although和but是不能连用的;

  3)指代不明,they不知道是指代前面的什么;

  4.表达中式

  The second argument-it might have been noticed by others-is that in some occasion, it is quite difficult to compare parents to teachers because parents are a kind of people, teachers are a kind of vocation.

  句子中划线部分的表达过于中式化。

  5.表意重复

  •They shocked their friends, devastated their families, crushed their best...

托福写作优秀范文:你想发明什么东西

 

  优秀的托福写作范文能够帮助同学们了解托福写作怎么写才能更加优秀,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作优秀范文:你想发明什么东西?

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  If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed.

  托福写作模板范文参考:

  I live in a place where the environment is being degraded alarmingly and the desert is expanding rapidly. Subsequently, the people around here are suffering a lot from this vicious environmental vicissitude. So to change the current situation is a great challenge for the people living here. I believe to invent an electronic plant grower is significant to curb the environmental degradation.

  Firstly, weather condition is too severe to grow any plants here. It is not efficient for us to afforest in such a vast area either. Furthermore, if the plants could not get the basic supplies like water, amicable weather conditions, it is almost impossible for plants to survive. The invention of electronic plant grower could be scientific enough, when it plants grass or trees, it will automatically put solid ice and other trace elements which could enhance the viability of plants. Thus, the newly planted plants could easily survive in it.

  Secondly, the electronic plant grower could do a lot of onerous works in the field and tolerate unfavorable weather. It c...

托福写作思路分析:度假时应该带手机吗

 

  对于托福写作来说了解优秀的作文是怎么写的,是提高自己写作的一个好办法,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作思路分析:度假时应该带手机吗?

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  Some people believe that if people are on vacation, they should leave their mobile phones at home ,to what extent do you agree or disagree? 有人认为人们在度假的时候应该把手机留在家里,你是否认同?

  托福写作立场 人们在旅行的时候,携带手机是利大于弊

  托福写作思路拓展

  旅行时携带手机的好处:

  1. 手机的一些功能可以给旅行提供具体的帮助,例如手机的APP地图软件,就可以帮助游客在谋生的城市,准确定位,及时找到目的地。同样,游客们可以使用手机预订机票和酒店。

  2. 携带手机可以随时和家人朋友保持联系,尤其是在发生紧急事件的时候。

  3. 手机本身具有强大的娱乐功能,可以作为旅途中一种消遣的方式。例如,我在旅行的时候,喜欢使用手机听歌、照相和刷微信。

  旅行时携带手机的弊端(用于让步段):

  我不得不承认,携带手机度假有时候也会有其弊端,尤其是对于难得休闲的职场人士而言,度假的目的是为了暂时地放下工作的压力和烦恼,如果旅行中突然收到公司的业务电话,需要自己结束旅行,也是令人苦恼的,但是,我认为这种情况的发生的概率还是很小的。

  托福写作语料库

  1. Vacation is a time for relaxation 度假是为了放松。

  2. People’s preferences differ greatly in determining whether or not it is advisable to take a cell phone when they take a few days off in some hot scenic spots. 在一些热门的旅游景区度假的时候,是否携带手机,人们的喜好差异很大。

  解析:People’s preferences differ greatly in determining whether or not it is advisable to do sth 关于是否做……是明智的,人们的喜好不同。

  3. As for me,the merits of taking a phone outweigh its possible demerits. 对于我而言,我认为携带手机的利大于弊。

  解析:the merits of …… outweigh its possible demerits ……的利大于弊

  4. Taking a cell phone...

托福写作范文欣赏:书本知识与实践经验

 

  对于很多同学来说,托福写作对于很多托福考生来说,都是非常重要的,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作范文欣赏:书本知识与实践经验。

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  Task:It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?.

  托福写作范文参考:

  We all crave knowledge, especially in this Age of Information, but what is the best source of knowledge? Are we to believe Albert Camus, who stated” The place we are to get knowledge is in books”? Or are we better served by following Albert Einstein's counsel that “The only source of knowledge is experience”? Although books have their place in one's learning, there is no substitute for experience; indeed, it is experience that is ultimately the most important source of knowledge.

  First, let us consider the knowledge needed to undertake a profession-for example, that of a physician. Knowledge gained from books provides the foundation of a doctor's training: study in a medical school begins with a near-overload of reading on anatomy, physiology and maladies both rare and common. However, during this time the medical student is also learning through experience, beginning with dissecting cadavers from almost the first day of medical school. Then, the aspiring physic...

托福写作范文:痛苦的经历对于将来有帮助吗

 

  对于正在备考托福的同学来说,可以了解一下托福写作的范文,以此来锻炼自己的写作能力,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福写作范文:痛苦的经历对于将来有帮助吗?

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  托福考试作文题目:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to support our answer.

  托福考试作文参考分析:

  举一些例子支持题目中的观点,确实有些痛苦经历对将来毫无帮助。

  托福考试作文范文参考:

  Some people argue that most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time can later become valuable experiences. I cannot agree with them more. There are numerous reasons why I hold confidence on this opinion, and I would explore only a few primary ones here.

  Difficulties are beneficial to our personal growth. In the course of our life, we will face numerous difficulties, and each difficulty will help us grow up, and become a valuable lesson for the future. A toddler fells off the ground for many times before he knows how to walk, and a child learns how to swim after he drinks water in the swimming pool. In addition, only after we experienced failures, we know the value of success. We will never appreciate anything that comes so easy. Difficulties can make us feel stronger and be more confident for the future obstacles.

  Furth...

托福独立写作范文分析:政府需要支持毫无用处的研究吗

 

  托福独立写作要求考生有鲜明的观点,并且为观点做出最好的诠释,那么接下来就和出国留学网来看看托福独立写作范文分析:政府需要支持毫无用处的研究吗?

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  Government should support scientific research even if the research does not have any practical use.

  Scientific research can be divided into two types: basic and applied. The purpose of basic research is to yield knowledge, while the purpose of applied research is to yield something with practical value. It may be tempting to argue that governments should only fund applied research—it is the intuitively "practical" choice—but this would be a bad idea.

  开头段作者直接给出观点:认为只支持有实际用处的研究不是一个好选择。

  First, applied research rests upon the foundation erected by basic research. All of the knowledge and techniques used in applied research have their origins in basic research. All of the work going into understanding the larger universe, for example, currently has very little practical application—why do we need to know about celestial bodies and the like when it might be centuries before we ever travel to them? But when humankind finally devises the means to send those first interstellar explorers off into the stars, it'll be thanks to the centuries of basic research that came before. The needs of the future are difficult to forecast. Therefore we cannot rule out scientific undertakings which have no immediate practical ...

托福独立写作范文:父母应该让孩子自己做选择吗

 

  对于托福独立写作来说,很多同学如果没有很多考试经验,那么自己找一些写作真题对于很多同学来说都是非常有帮助的,接下来就和出国留学网来看看2018年托福独立写作范文:父母应该让孩子自己做选择吗?

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  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

  Parents now spend too much time on determining the futures of their children; children should be allowed to make their own choices.

  It is arguable that children should be allowed to make their own choices as they grow up, and it is doubtful the wisdom of parents spending too much time on determining the uncertain future of their children. More wisely, parents are responsible for preparing their children for the future rather than preparing the future for their children. For that matter, what is important is to allow children to have a good education and not to handicap children by making their lives seem easy.

  Providing children with a good educational environment to learn life skills is preparing them to meet the challenges in the new world to come. In this changing society beyond prediction, children need to acquire ways and means through education to survive and thrive in the future. Nowadays, to pave the way for their children to have a rosier future, many parents are inclined to have their children go through higher education. The decision being the same, the reason behind may be either that parents di...