Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A–G for each of the numbered paragraphs (41–45). There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Five ways to make conversation with anyone in choosing a new home, Camille McClain’s kids have a single demand: a backyard.
McClain’s little ones aren’t the only kids who have an option when it comes to housing, and in many cases youngsters’ views weigh heavily on parents’ real estate decisions, according to a 2018 Harris Poll survey of more than 2000 US adults.
While more families buck an older-generation proclivity to leave kids in the dark about real estate decisions, reality agents and psychologists have mixed views about the financial, personal and long-term effects kids’ opinions may have.
The idea of involving children in a big decision is a great idea because it can help them feel a sense of control and ownership in what can be an overwhelming process, and Ryan Hooper, a clinical psychologist in Chicago.
“Children may face serious difficulties in coping with significant moves, especially if it removes them from their current school or support system,” he said.
Greg Jaroszewski, a real estate brokers with Gagliardo Realty Associates, said he’s not convinced that kids should be involved in selecting a home- but their options should be considered to regards to proximity to friends and social activities, if possible.
Younger children should feel like they’re choosing their home- without actually getting a choice in the matter, said ADAM Bailey, a real estate attorney based in New York.
Asking them questions about what they like about the backyard of a potential home will make them feel like they’re being included in the decision-making process, Bailey said.
Many of the aspects of home buying aren’t a consideration for children, said Tracey Hampson, a real estate agent based in Santa Clarita, Calif. And placing too much emphasis on their opinions can ruin a fantastic home purchase.
“Speaking with your children before you make a real estate decision is wise, but I wouldn’t base the purchasing decision solely on their opinions.” Hampson said.
The other issue is that many children - especially older ones - may base their real estate knowledge on HGTV shows, said Aaron Norris of The Norris Group in Riverside , Calif .
“They love Chip and Joanna Gaines just as much as the rest of us,” he said. “HGTV has seriously changed how people view real estate. It’s not shelter , it’s a lifestyle. With that mindset change come some serious money consequences.”
Kids tend to get stuck in the features and the immediate benefits to them personally, Norris said.
Parents need to remind their children that their needs and desires may change over time, said Julie Gurner, a real estate analyst with FitSmallBusiness.com.
“Their opinions can change tomorrow,” Gurner said. “Harsh as it may be to say, that decision should likely not be made contingent on a child’s opinions, but rather made for them with great consideration into what home can meet their needs best - and give them an opportunity to customize it a bit and make it their own.”
This advice is more relevant now than ever before, even as more parents want to embrace the ideas of their children, despite the current housing crunch.
解析：根据Ryan Hooper定位到文章第四段和第五段，其中第五段提到：“Children may face serious difficulties in coping with significant moves, especially if it removes them from their current school or support system,” he said. 其中，significant moves和children都在D选项中复现，而children may face serious difficulties 与D选项中的..may pose challenges to children是同义替换，故D为正确答案。
解析：根据Adam Bailey定位到文章第七段和第八段，其中第八段提到：Asking them questions about what they like about the backyard of a potential home — or asking them where their toys would go in the house — will make them feel like they’re being included in the decision-making process, Bailey said. 其中， feel like they’re being included in the decision-making process恰好与G选项a sense of involvement in homebuying decisions形成同义替换，故G为正确答案
解析：根据Tracey Hampson定位到文章第九段和第十段，其中第十段提到：but I wouldn’t base the purchasing decision solely on their opinions。其中, base...on decision和purchase都在F选项中复现，而solely与F选项中的only是同义替换，故F为正确答案。
解析：根据Anron Norris定位到文章第十一段、第十二段和第十三段，其中第十一段提到：The other issue is that many children — especially older ones — may base their real estate knowledge on HGTV shows...。其中, real estate和children都在C选项中复现，而base...on HGTV shows与C选项中的are influenced by the media是同义替换，故C为正确答案。
解析：根据Julie Gurner定位到文章第十四段和第十五段，其中第十五段提到：...that decision should likely not be made contingent on a child’s opinions, but rather made for them with great consideration into what home can meet their needs best..。其中, decision should likely not be made...on a child’s opinions, but rather...can meet their needs与B选项中的...decision should be based on children’s needs rather than their opinions是同义替换，故B为正确答案。